Basketball: the past and the present Student: Denis Vorona Form: 9 School: 13 Teacher: T.N. Uradowskaya The invention of basketball James Naismith invented basketball in 1891. He was a teacher at Springfield Training School in the state of Massachusetts. He taught sports and found there were no interesting games to play indoors in the winter months. First game The first professional basketball match was probably held in Trenton in 1896. But before it a group of players rented “Fox Opera House” and invited the team from UTIC with whom they shared the expenses. Basketball court The first basketball court was 10.66 and 15.25 But nowadays it is much bigger: 15.25 and 28.65 metres. In 1967 the league wanted to forbid the dunks in games but they were not able to do this. If they had done this we wouldn't have been able to see such moments. NBA The most important organization in the world of basketball is NBA (National Basketball Association). It was created after the Second World War in 1946. At first, 80% of the NBA players were African by origin. Rivalry Every league has its own great rivalry. In NBA it is East VS West: Boston VS Los Angeles. It is considered to be the most aggressive rivalry in the history of NBA. Los Angeles Lakers They became champions 16 times. Such basketball players as Magic Jonson and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar are associated with LAL. Boston Celtics They won the NBA Championship 15 times in the history. They are the only team who has never changed the city. Larry Bird and Paul Pierce played in Boston. The emblem of their team contains humorous portrait of e Red Auerbach. He is the greatest manager in NBA history. Michael Jordan Michael Jordan has changed this game. The league has become much more popular thanks to him. Nowadays the beginners try to imitate his actions. He could make every game unbelievable and unforgettable. Now Jordan owns Charlotte Bobcats and visits their every game. Lockout First of all, basketball in the USA is a great piece of business. Every owner wants to gain great profit. In 1998 Lockout took place and the teams played only half of the season. And the league lost millions. Ever since managers try not to make such mistakes. Basketball is not only NBA Today basketball is an international sport. Basketball is also an Olympic sports today. In the Olympics countries the best team are Spain, Russia, German. Professional Basketball League (PBL) Basketball is also very popular not only in the USA but also in Russia. The Russian Basketball Federation (RFB) has been formed this year. The creation of PBL helped to make our local championship much more exciting. Are you ready to play basketball?