Chapter 5 Bumps and Personalities

Report
Chapter 5
Bumps and Personalities
Reading
Warm up
•
Look at the picture on p. 51.
•
tai chi
What is the person doing? ________
•
How can the practice help people?
1. Boost the immune system
2. Decrease anxiety and depression
3. Reduce asthma and allergy problems
Pre-reading Activity
p. 52
• Discuss these questions.
1. What do the eyes of the person in the picture tell
you?
2. How does the shape of a person’s face tell you
about the person?
3. Do people have different shaped heads? What does
a person’s head shape tell you about the person?
Predicting
p. 52
1. Which parts of the head and face do you
associate with each of the following
characteristics?
1. _____ nose
a. curiosity
2. _____ lips
3. _____ eyes
b. self-confidence
c. decisiveness
4. _____ shape of face d. creativity
5. _____ eyebrows
e. pride
2. Read through the passage from p. 53 to
p. 54 to find out the answer. (2 minutes)
3. Compare your answers with your
partners.
4. Check your answers.
1. _____
a nose
a. curiosity
2. _____
e lips
3. _____
d eyes
b. self-confidence
c. decisiveness
4. _____
b shape of face
d. creativity
5. _____
c eyebrows
e. pride
Reading Activity
pp. 53-54
• Work as a group.
• Task 1: Read p. 53, paragraphs 2-3
• Task 2: Read p. 53, last paragraph ~
p. 54, 1st paragraph
• Prepare to answer the teacher’s
questions.
• Task 1:
a. Draw a person’s face (front or side view).
b. Add some parts, such as a pointed nose, to
the face.
c. Explain what kind of personality a person
with the physical feature, such as pointed
nose, may have. (Refer to p. 53)
• Task 2:
a. Draw a human head (side view) with 40
bumps.
b. Color the bumps mentioned in the
reading text (pp.53-54).
c. Explain the relationship between the bumps
and a person’s talents or character.
Compare your picture with the one on page59.
Vocabulary
p. 54
• Meaning
1. What are the meanings of the underlined
words? Circle the letter of each correct
answer.
2. Compare your answers with your
partners.
Answer
1. a
7. a
2. a
8. d
3. b
9. b
4. b
5. c
Vocabulary
pp. 55-56
• Word Building
Complete the sentences with the correct form
of the word in capital letters.
v.
1. DECIDE
a. A person who can choose quickly and doesn’t
change his or her mind is _________.
adj.
decisive
b. Arched eyebrows are said to indicate someone who
can make _________.
n.
decisions
2. COURAGE
n.
courageous
adj.
a. A person who is brave is also _________.
b. A bum behind your ear is said to be a sign
of _________.
courage
n.
n.
3. SCIENCE
a. Many _________
thought Dr. Gall’s
scientists
n.
research was ridiculous.
scientific
adj.
b. It was difficult to find _________
proof for Dr.
Gall’s theories.
Comprehension
•
pp. 56-58
Looking for the Main Ideas
1. Physiognomists believe that ________.
c. physical features reveal personality
2. Phrenologists ________.
d. study bumps on the head to determine
character traits
3. Dr. Gall’s ideas ________.
a. were at first not accepted by other
doctors
•
Looking for Details
1. Physiognomy is aanmodern
ancient practice. F
2. The ancient Greeks compared the human face
to those of animals. T
3. Phrenologists have identified 25
40 bumps on the
head. F
4. A bump on the forehead is a sign of courage.
good memory
F
F
5. Physiognomists study the shape of the head,
face, and body.
X
T
6. Physiognomists believe that round-faced
people are self-confident.
7. Phrenology is a much
more ancient art than
less
F
physiognomy.
8. Dr. Gall’s research did interested
not interest many
people. F
9.
F Dr. Gall was rewarded for his research
after in
he life.
died
later
• Making Inferences & Drawing
Conclusions
1. Why did the Greeks compare humans to
animals?
They wanted to understand human behavior better.
2. Why did Dr. Gall want to study phrenology?
He was looking for a scientific way of explaining
personality.
3. Why did other doctors ridicule Dr. Gall’s
research?
They didn’t believe his theory.
4. Why did Dr. Gall die a poor and bitter man?
Other doctors ridiculed him and he couldn’t get a
good job.
5. What might a physiognomist say about
someone with a long nose, thin eyebrows, and
almond-shaped eyes?
A pysiognomist might say that the person is not
practical and does not think clearly, because those
physical characteristics indicate curiosity,
indecisiveness, and an artistic nature.
Writing
Model Essay
pp. 61-62
• Read the essay written by a student.
• Underline the thesis statement and the
topic sentence in each of the body
paragraph.
• Discuss how the student write the
conclusion.
• Compare your answers.
Answer
Thesis statement:
I was born under the sign Virgo and I believe I have
some of the characteristics of people born under this
sign.
Topic sentence:
1st body paragraph
One example of a good trait of a Virgo that I have is
patience
2nd body paragraph
Another example of a trait that I have, which is typical of
a Virgo, is ambition.
3rd body paragraph
Finally, like anyone, Virgos have some bad traits, too.
Conclusion:
(1) Summary of the main points
My patience and ambition gave me the confidence….
(2) A final comment
Because I…, I think I will someday be very
successful….
Organizing
•
pp. 63-64
In an example essay….
1. Each paragraph gives an example to support
the thesis statement.
Student Essay (pp.61-62): thesis statement
I was born under the sign Virgo and I believe I have
some of the characteristics of people born under this
sign.
Find more transitions from your textbook!
2. To give examples, transitions are used at the
beginning of each of the body paragraphs.
1st body paragraph
noun
One example of [a good trait
of a phrase
Virgo that I have] is
patience
2nd body paragraph
noun
phrase
Another example of [a trait that
I have,
which is
typical of a Virgo,] is ambition.
3rd body paragraph
Finally, like anyone, Virgos have some bad traits, too.
• If your last example is the most important:
The most important example of
noun phrase
The most significant / interesting example of
is
noun phrase
is..
3.1 In the body paragraphs, you may use other
specific examples to support your topic
sentence.
1st body paragraph
One example of a good trait of a Virgo that I have is
patience. …I have also found that patience helps me
in a lot of things. For example, ….
3.2 Use the following words and phrases to
introduce examples in the body paragraphs:
For example, it helps me to study when the lesson
is difficult.
complete sentence: S + V + O
For instance,
I like everything to be neat and tidy.
I am very patient with people, too. For
example, I am patient with children and
senior.
I am very patient with people,
too,, for ,example,
children and senior.
instance,
e.g.,
Exercise 1
• Possible answers
1. for example
2. For instance
3. for example
Writing Assignment
pp. 65-66
•
Choose one topic.
1.
Describe some of your good and / or bad traits. Give
specific examples of these traits.
Describe yourself according to the characteristics of
your astrological sign.
Describe a person you know or would like to know,
using examples of two or three character traits.
Describe the character of a famous person, using
examples of his or her dominant character traits.
2.
3.
4.
Procedures
1. Pre-writing
Brainstorming techniques (p. 208)
2. Outlining
a. Step 1: Write your thesis statement
Step 2: Pick the best examples of strong character traits
(from the brainstorming activity)
Step 3: Begin each paragraph with a transition (p. 63)
showing example.
b. Essay outline (p. 22)
3. Write a rough draft
4. Revise your rough draft
Your partner (peer editor) will use the checklist to
help you revise your draft!
5. Edit your essay
Your partner (peer editor) will help you correct
your spelling, punctuation, vocabulary, and
grammar (use editing symbols on p. 207).
6. Type your final draft and turn it in on
July 23 / July 27
HW Assignments
Class 1: July 16, Mon.
• Review pp. 53-54: Check any new words
• Preview pp. 63-64: Quiz on July 18.
• Self-study 3: Chapter 14
Class 2: July 18, Wed.
• Review pp. 53-54: Check any new words
• Preview pp. 63-64: Quiz on July 23.
• Self-study 3: Chapter 14
Class 1: July 18, Wed.
1. Self-study 3: Chapter 14
2. Vocabulary quiz (dictation & multiple choice):
July 23
Chapter 5 & Self-study 3
3. Preview Chapter 11, pp. 137-138
4. Writing assignment: Outline due on July 23
Class 2: July 23, Mon.
1. Self-study 3: Chapter 14
2. Vocabulary quiz (dictation & multiple choice):
July 25
Chapter 5 & Self-study 3
3. Preview Chapter 11, pp. 137-138
4. Writing assignment: Outline due on July 25

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