5 Themes of Geography • Geographers looked at the world in many ways. Geography is not just “Where is it?” • They chose five major categories (themes) to cover all the important areas: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Location Place Human/Environment Interaction Regions Movement 5 Themes of Geography • • • • Theme #1: Location Location – this is the “Where is it?” question that is the basis of Geography. Everything happens somewhere. Absolute Location – The exact location on the map; Ex: Manila is at 15 N and 121 E Relative Location – A description of where it is. Ex: Manila is in the northern part of the Philippines. 5 Themes of Geography Theme #2 – Place • Places have their own special qualities that make them unique or different. • Physical Characteristics: Natural surroundings like landforms or climate. • Human Characteristics: Things that Humans have done to impact an area – Buildings, governments, language or even cultural expressions. 5 Themes of Geography Theme #3 – Human-Environment Interaction • • • • People live in different places and share with their environment. We use resources the land and sea offer us. o Ex: we use the Susquehanna river for drinking water We alter the land and sea to better fit our needs. o We built the Springton Lake Reservoir for drinking water We impact our environment o Negatively – ex: pollution o Positively – ex: preserve open land with National Parks 5 Themes of Geography • Theme #4 – Regions • Groups of places that have some common characteristics. • Can be grouped in many ways o Physical Characteristics for ex: Mountains-Poconos o Cultural Characteristics, like Philly for cheese steaks These are the geographic 5 regions of the U.S. Can you think why they are separate regions? 5 Themes of Geography Theme #5 – Movement • People and things move around the globe. • Things move because of people’s needs and the physical characteristics of the area. o Ex: oil tankers from Chester oil refineries to Boston. • Human characteristics of an area move as well. o People’s culture is transferred by cell phones, internet o People from one area giving their ideas to another area. • Ex: Italian food in the U.S.