Early Civilizations: Mesopotamia & Egypt Unit 1, SSWH 1 a and b SSWH 1 a & b Describe the development of Mesopotamian societies; include the religious, cultural, economic, and political facets of society, with attention to Hammurabi’s law code. Describe the relationship of religion and political authority in Ancient Egypt. What were the origins and structures of Mediterranean societies? Civilization’s 5 Characteristics 1.Advanced Cities 2.Specialized Workers 3.Complex Institutions 4.Record Keeping (scribe & Cuneiform) 5.Improved Technology p.19-20 Mesopotamia • Location: Modern day Iraq & Iran • Means: Land between 2 rivers (Tigris & Euphrates) • Religion: Center of society, Polytheistic (many gods), Ziggurat (temple) p. 30 -32 • Culture: Art, Religion, Trade (women have rights) • Economy: Bartering • Politics: Priests 1st leaders, after many wars the best fighters became permanent leaders (dynasties) • Law: Hammurabi’s Code – 282 written laws, created to unify the community (govt responsible for society) p.36- 37 Egypt: Religion • Polytheistic: believed in 2,000 + gods • Ra (sun god) & Osiris (god of the dead): IMPORTANT • Afterlife: prepared for it (saved money, food, clothes, etc. • Pyramids: Tombs built for Pharaoh • Pharaoh believed they were a god Egypt: Politics • Pharaoh: ruler of Egypt, a king • Theocracy: govt based on religious belief (Pharaoh is a god & ran the country p.44 -56 Shapely Review Draw a large triangle on your paper. On the triangle, write 3 important points you wish to remember. Be prepared to share in one minute.