PEOSHA Right to Know (PPT)

Report
Rowan University
New Jersey Public Employees Occupational
Safety and Health Training
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Some items we need to discuss before the formal Hazard
Communications presentation…
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Hazardous Wastes
 Hazardous wastes must be disposed of legally and
safely.
 Mercury batteries, Lithium Batteries and other
rechargeable batteries are hazardous waste.
 Some things are not hazardous wastes:
Alkaline Batteries
Latex Paint
 Not Sure –Call Us
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Blood born Pathogens
 1. Blood born Pathogen standard and training is an
annual requirement and will be provided to Affected
employees
 2. Universal precautions and body isolation
techniques are required when handling blood or
other potentially infected body fluids such as
seamen, vaginal secretions, spinal fluid; or vomit or
feces obviously contaminated with blood.
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BBP, continued
 3. All fluids are suspect until you know otherwise
(which is unlikely).
 4. Cleaning of blood or other potentially infected body
fluids is a two step process. First clean up with hot,
soapy water, second, disinfect with a 10% bleach and
water solution.
 5. There is a preventative inoculation series for
Hepatitis B, 3 shots given over 3 months, available at
no charge to the employee.
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BBP, continued
•6. If you are an affected employee, a written
declination is required if you do not wish to
receive the inoculations. However, you can
revoke this declination at any time.
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Asbestos Awareness
 We have asbestos containing materials in the older
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campus buildings.
Most in public areas is VAT. There are specific
procedures to use when working on VAT
Mechanical or machine rooms may have pipe
insulation and fittings. If found damaged notify the
Safety Office
Conclusion: If you are not sure…Don’t Touch it!!
Call us with any questions
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Your Right to Know about hazards In the
workplace!
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“Your Right to Know”
 OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard
to help ensure your safety when working with
hazardous chemicals.
 In 2012 OSHA revised the HazCom Standard to be
consistent with the Globally Harmonized System
(GHS)
Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
 Major Proposed Changes to the HCS
 Hazard Classification
 Labels
 Safety Data Sheets
 Information and Training
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
 Hazard Classification: Provides specific criteria for
classification of health and physical hazards, as well as
classification of mixtures
 Signal Words include Danger and Warning
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
 Labels: Chemical manufacturers and importers will
be required to provide a label that includes a
harmonized signal word, pictogram, and hazard
statement for each hazard class and category.
 Precautionary statements must also be provided.
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
 Safety Data Sheets: Will now have a specified 16-
section format
 Sections 11-15 Are not enforced by OSHA but are still
important. These discuss Aquatic toxicity, Soil
resilience and other topics governed by different
agencies
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
 Information and Training: The GHS does not
address training. However, the proposed HCS will
require that workers are trained within two years of the
publication of the final rule to facilitate recognition
and understanding of the new labels and safety data
sheets.
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
Pictograms
Compressed Gas
Environmental
Hazard
Flammable
Sensitizer
Toxic
Chronic Health
Hazard
Corrosive
Explosive
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The NJ Worker & Community
RTK Act Requires
 Education and Training
 Container Labeling
 Central file and other information resources
• SDS and NJ Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets
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Hazard Communication Standard
Chemical Manufacturers Must:
 Determine a Chemical’s Hazards
 Provide Labels and SDSs
Employers Must:
 Provide a Hazard Communication Program
 Maintain SDSs
 Train on Hazardous Materials
HazCom Standard (cont.)
Employees Must:
 Read labels and SDSs
 Follow Employer Instructions and Warnings
 Identify Hazards Before Starting a Job
 Use the Appropriate Safety Procedures and Equipment
 Participate in Training
The Hazard Communications
File Must Contain
 The University’s Hazard Communication Compliance Plan
 Current Right to Know Survey
 NJ Hazardous Substance List
 Safety Data Sheets
 NJ Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets
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Labeling
 Chemical Containers Require Labels
 Most Products Come in With Appropriate Labels and
Information.
 Unlabeled Containers Must be Rejected and not Used
or Opened.
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Chemical Hazards
There are two main hazard Types
 Physical Hazards
 Health Hazards
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Physical Hazards
 Fire Hazards
Flammables
Combustibles
 Corrosives
 Acids
 Caustics
 Reactive
 Explosive
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Health Hazards
 Carcinogen = Cancer
 Mutagen = DNA Changes
 Teratogen = Harms the Fetus/Child Through the
Mother
 Poisons/Toxics
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Effects of Exposure
“Acute” effects usually occur rapidly
as a result of short-term exposures,
and are of short duration.
“Chronic” effects generally occur as a
result of long-term exposure, and are
of long duration
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Routes of exposure
1. Inhalation
2. Skin Absorption
3. Ingestion
4. Injection
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Exposure Control
 Recognize the Potential Hazards with the Chemical
 Evaluate the Hazard(s) with the Intended use
 Control the Exposure – Choose Best Method
 Remember: [Dose + Time = Toxic Effect]
 Goal is to Lower One or the Other or Both
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Control Methods
1. Material Substitution
2. Method Substitution
3. Ventilation
4. Isolation
5. Workplace Practices
6. Training
7. Personal Protective Equipment
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PPE Discussion
 Limitations of: Gloves, goggles, and safety glasses
 Select the correct type for hazard involved and task to
be accomplished.
 “One Type” doesn't’ fit all
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What is the Best Method
to Reduce Exposure?
Avoidance!
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SAFETY
DATA
SHEETS
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Safety Data Sheet
Discussion
 Differences Between a SDS and a NJ Hazardous
Substance Fact Sheet
1. SDS is Furnished by Maker of the Hazardous
Chemical or Mixture
2. A NJ Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet is Furnished
By the State of New Jersey Only on a Single Chemical
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Using a Safety Data Sheet
Manufacture?
Product Use?
Ingredients?
Fire Hazard?
First Aid?
Disposal?
Color?
Smell?
PPE?
Reactions?
CAS#?
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Feel free to contact the University Environmental
Health and Safety Office
[email protected]
X 5105
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