Environmental Issues in Europe

Report
Environmental Issues in
Europe
SS6G8: THE STUDENT WILL
DISCUSS/EXPLAIN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
IN EUROPE
Areas of focus
Air pollution in the United
Kingdom
Acid Rain in Germany
Air Pollution in the United Kingdom
 London (capital of UK is famous for air pollution)
 The word smog was first used to describe the air in
London.
 SMOG-Air pollution caused by sunlight acting on the
gases from automobiles and factory exhausts.
 Hangs over cities in the UK
Cause?
 Water in the air mixes with smoke particles from a




coal fire
UK’s major natural resources: Oil, natural gas, and
coal
Manufacturing uses these resources
Coal is cheap and available and was used during the
Industrial Revolution
Coal still continues to fuel the UK’s power plants and
burns in fireplaces/stoves
The Great
Smog of 1952
Smog was so dense
that, for four days, the
people in London could
not see what was in
front of them.
Effects?
-Transportation slowed
-Crime increased
-Thousands of people
died from the pollution
-People began to worry
about the quality of air
they were breathing in.
Sources of air pollution?
 Smoke and sulfur dioxide from burning fossil fuels
 Exhaust from gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles
Sources of air pollution
Effects?
 Asthma and pneumonia are linked to vehicle
emissions.
 Burns lungs, nose, and eyes and endangers human
life.
 Keeps children and senior citizens indoors
 Blackens buildings and threatens wildlife
Effects
Solutions?
 Banning coal fires?
 Smokeless zones for smokeless fuels?
 Cleaner coals?
 Increased use of electricity?
 Use of gas
 Limits on industry
 Laws to build vehicles that produce less harmful
exhaust
 Checks of air quality
 Drive less and use cleaner forms of energy
Acid Rain in Germany
 Precipitation(hail, rain, sleet, snow) that has become
acidic
Tall smokestacks in
urban areas have
allowed winds to spread
more pollutants further
away and increased the
spread of acid rain into
rural areas.
ACID RAIN
Causes
 Pollution in the air
 Water vapor in the air reacts with certain chemical
compounds

Ex: Sulfur Dioxide reacts to form sulfuric acid
 Comes from the burning of fossil fuels
 Coal, gasoline, and oil
 Most automobiles, factories, and power plants burn
these fuels for energy.
Effects
 Harms thousands of lakes, rivers, and streams
worldwide
 Kills fish and other wildlife
 Damages buildings, bridges, and statues.
 High levels can harm forests and soil
Reducing acid rain
 Devices that remove sulfur and nitrogen compounds
from fuels or industrial emissions.
 Compounds are removed before they reach the
atmosphere
 Adding lime to lakes and rivers and their drainage
areas neutralizes acidity temporarily
SKELETON PARAGRAPH
Directions: Complete the
paragraph by filling in the
blanks using the word bank
on the screen
Word bank
 Acid Rain
 Air Pollution
 Asthma
 Cause
 Coal
 Coal
 Effects
 Effects
 Germany
 London
 Natural
Resources
 Pollution
 Smog
 Statues

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