Chapter 5

Report
Chapter 5
FUTURE
POPULATION
TRENDS
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Figure 5.1 World Population, 1850–
2150
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Figure 5.2 Population Forecasting
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Figure 5.3 Total Fertility Rate in
Japan: Actual versus Forecast
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Table 5.1 Fertility in the
Developing World
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Figure 5.4 Income per Capita
versus Total Fertility Rate
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Figure 5.5 The Great Spike in
World Population Growth
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Table 5.2 Average Annual Growth Rates
of Population by Country Group
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Figure 5.6a Changes in the Age
Structure of the Population, 1950–2050
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Figure 5.6b Changes in the Age
Structure of the Population, 1950–2050
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Figure 5.6c Changes in the Age
Structure of the Population, 1950–2050
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Equation 5.1
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Figure 5.7 Working-Age Fraction of
the U.S. Population, 1950–2050
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Equation 5.2
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Table 5.3 Some Cases of
Population Aging
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Figure 5.8 Distribution of the
World’s Population
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Table 5.4 The Composition Effect
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