When women embraced islam
O you who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees,
examine (and test) them: Allah knows best as to their Faith: if ye ascertain
tat they are Believers, then send them not back to the Unbelievers. They are
not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are the (Unbelievers) lawful
(husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent (on their
dower), and there will be no blame on you if ye marry them on payment of
their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women:
ask for what ye have spent on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for
what they have spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such
is the command of Allah: He judges (with justice) between you. And Allah is
And if any of your wives deserts you to the Unbelievers, and ye have an
accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then pay to
those whose wives have deserted the equivalent of what they had spent (on
their dower). And fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.
Reasons For Revelation
As a condition in the Trety of AL-Hdaybiyah the pagans insisted
on a particular condition.If anyyone from them escaped
Makkah and reached the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)he would
havr to return the person bak to them.However,if a Muslim left
Islam and escaped Madina to Makkah they would not have to
return the person to the Muslims.This condition was hard on
the Muslims to accept but the Kuffar insisted,so the Prophet
After the Treaty was signed,several Muslim men escaped from
the Quraysh but the Prophet (P.B.U.H) was forced to let the
Qurays take them back.Then Ummu-Kulthoom,the daughter of
Uqbah,escaped and fled to madina.When Quraysh came asking
for her,Allah revealed these verses stating that women are
exempt from being returned if they are found to be sicere
Related Hadeeth
Regarding the test in the verse, Ibn Abbas said
that when a woman would come to the
Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, he
would make her take an oath. She had to swear
that she did not leave Makkah because she
hated her husband and that she only migrated
out of a love for Allah and his Messenger.
Lesson Learned
 Muslims were ordered to verify the sincerity of new Muslim women
Muslims had to be sure that the new converts were sincere in embericing
Islam.In some cases,New converts were not sincerer and they migrated to
Madina for worldly moteives.Therefore it was important to verify that these
women were sincere Muslims before they integrated them into the Islamic
society.that is why this Surah is called Al-Mumtahinah (the tester or the
tested) because it called for testing the new converts.
 it is forbidden for a Muslim woman to marry a non-Muslim
No Muslim woman is allowed to marry a nom-Muslim man regardless of how
nice or kind he may be.If a non-Muslim man wishes to marry a Muslim
woman.He must sincerely embrace Islam first the reason for such a ruling is
that in Islam the husband is the ultimate head of the house hold.This is a big
challenging responsibility that Allah has placed on men.If a Muslim woman is
married to a nom-Muslim man she would have full authority as a wife to raise
her children as a Muslim s and to run a home in accordance in Islam.Her
husband may not approve that in some cases.This might mean that she could
not stop haram food or alcohol from being consumed in her home
Certainly,such marriage is doomed to fail if the wife really valued her faith
It is not forbidden for a Muslim man to marry a non-Muslim
When Muslims get married ,they want a partner who will help them become
better Muslims and to get a it is forbidden in Islam marry someone
who is not a Muslim
We must fear Allah and submit to his rulings
When Allah rules on something mw must fully obey that rule and
abide by it.Many Muslims don ot abide by God’s laws and rules
thinking they are no real concern .Allah is deeply displaced with
his servants whom he created and gave everything to when they
still disobey him and violates hid rules.
Women making the pledge of allegiance
 Bay’ah
O Prophet! When believing women come to thee to take the oath of fealty to
thee, that they will not associate in worship any other thing whatever with
Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit adultery (or
fornication), that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter
slander, intentionally forging falsehood, and that they will not disobey thee in
any just matter,- then do thou receive their fealty, and pray to Allah for the
forgiveness (of their sins): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of
Allah, of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are
in despair about those (buried) in graves.
Related Hadeeth
The Messenger of Allah ,peace be upon him ,also used
these verse to take the pledge from the is
related in Sahihi Al Bukhari ,that the Messenger of
Allah said to a group of Ansar ,”Do you pledge me not
to make partners with Allah ,or commit zina, or
adultary ,or steal …..- and he read the verse from this
Surah -.whoever fulfills this will have his reward with
Allah .who ever does any of these things and is
punished –in this life-will not be punished for it in the
life after. who ever does any of these things and Allah
hides it –so that it dose’nt become known – will have
the sin left up to Allah .either Allah will punish him or
he will forgive him”
Lesson Learned
Bay’ah is an important pledge of allegiance in Islam
It is a part of Islamic practise for the leader of Muslim nation to ask his
followers to make a pledge together to be loyal to Islam ,the Muslim nation
and do good things for Muslim community.this is called in Arabic Bay’ah.
The importance of women Muslim society
the Muslim women in critical member of Muslim society.Alhough the
Messenger of Allah(P.B.U.H),was very busy during Fateh Makkah,he agve
special attention to the position of he took the pledge of
allegiance from everyone ,Allah commanded in this verse to take a special
Bay’ah from the women.
Avoid Al-Kaba’ir , or major sins
In Islam sins are divided into minor sins and major sins.Allah wanted new
converts,both men and women,to pledge to the Prophet not to approachthe
worst of the major sins,worshipping others than Allah ,stealing zina,killing
and attributing a child to the wrong father are all major sins.Allah oedered
Prophet Muhammed to ask a new Muslims to pledge that they would not fall
into these shameful sins.
the Arabic word for major sins is kab’ir plural of kabeerah.the worst of al
kaba’ir are moubiqaat ,or destructive sins. according to Imam Ibn Hajir AlAsqalani,the Kaba’ir are those sins that fit the following criteria:
•Crimes that have preset punishments ,or hudood.
•Sins that cause people to go hellfire according to Qur’an or the Hadeeth.
•Sins that God cursed those who practice them or described such people as
According to Ayah 11,and a number of ahadeeth,the worst of the major sins
are the following:
•Shirk:desblief Allah or worshippng other than Him or alon Him.
•Sihr:wichcraft and sorcery.
•Qatl-un-nafs:killing of an innocent soul.this includes murder<infanticide and
•Zina:adultary and fonication>having intimate relations outside
marriage,including hormosexual behavior.
•Qathf:slandering pure women and men by sccusing the falsely of zina.
•Buhtan:attributing a baby to the wrong father.
•Sariqah:stealing,especially stealing the money
of the orphans and the weak.
•Riba:usuary and intrest bearing contracts and
busniess deals.
•Al-Firar:retreating or deserting the
battleground during times of Jihad.
•Kathib:lying,including shahada-uz-zoor , or
false testimony.
•Al –yameen Al-Ghamoos:false oath.
•Oqooq-ul-Walidayn:disobedience of parents and
being rude to them.
•Shrub-ul-Khamr:drinking wine and consuming other
intoxicants like marijuana and cocaine.
•Khiyanah:treason and betraying the Muslim society.
•Nameemah:Gossip that leads to breaking relationships
between family members and friends.
We all need to stay away from anything like this and
reject all those who practice.

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