Hate Crime & Prejudice Based Incident Awareness Pc 3058 Emma MAKEY Essex Police Hate Crime Officer – Rayleigh 101 ext 490001 Pc 2208 Jürgen REID Essex Police Hate Crime Officer - Southend 01702 423151 www.stopthehate.org.uk WHAT IS HATE CRIME? What Does Hate Crime Mean To You? Intolerance Violence Bigotry Prejudice Narrow-mindedness Bias Xenophobia Discrimination Imbalance Inequity Unfairness Inequality Racism Stupidity What is Hate Crime? There is NO statutory definition in Law, ACPO & the CPS have an agreed definition. Hate crimes are taken to mean – Hate Crime Any incident, whether a crime or not, which is perceived by anyone to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a personal characteristic. Personal Characteristics (Strands) Race Religion or Belief Sexual Orientation Disability Gender Identity Other Recorded Stats by Strand (Essex 2013) Sexual Orientation 11% Belief 3% Gender Identity 3% Disability 7% Race 76% Under Reporting Based on 2011 British Crime Survey we can get an indication of the level of under reporting of Hate Incidents Race 136000 identified 35875 recorded 26% Disability 65000 identified 2095 recorded 3% Sexual Orientation 50000 identified 4477 recorded 9% Religion 39000 identified 1773 recorded 5% Types of Incident? Can take any form of Anti Social Behaviour: Verbal abuse (name calling, derogatory remarks) Physical violence (spitting, pushing, murder) Damage to property: including vandalism and offensive graffiti Threatening behaviour/intimidation including threatening correspondence or calls Harassment Essex Police Response to Hate Crime http://www.stopthehate.org.uk Essex Police – Hate Crime Team Headquarters DI 3171 Nick Burston ext 182000 Dc 1570 Phil Merriam Performance & Review ext 180026 SOUTH NORTH Dc 2565 Jackie Long Colchester ext 430140 Pc 3058 Emma Makey Rayleigh ext 490001 Pc 1996 Garry Munoz Chelmsford ext 400177 Pc 2208 Dc 3210 Sharon Hall Tendring ext 440155 Pc 3073 Jürgen Reid Southend ext 470450 Diane Murphy Basildon ext 382575 Call 101 WEST Dc 3168 Lisa Brodie Thurrock ext 360204 Pc 72242 Rebecca Paget Harlow ext 300160 Pc 2760 Jenny Paget Harlow ext 300160 Pc 1808 Claire Rawlins Brentwood ext 320169 firstname.lastname@example.org Hate Crime Officers - Role • • • • • • • • • • • • Dynamic monitoring and daily management reporting; Providing tactical advice, guidance and assistance; Case building and CPS liaison; Victim point of contact for protective measures in all high-risk cases; Advice and guidance to victims; Maintaining records of actions taken in respect of victims and investigations; Enhanced risk management in individual high risk cases; Commissioning protective / preventative / reassurance measures; Problem identification and solving; Promote community confidence in Essex Police through partnership working; Promoting the reporting of Hate Crime, either directly, via third parties or on-line; Conducting and reviewing risk assessments; Risk Factors • Perpetrator known to victim • Targeted at place of residence • Targeted at place of education/work • Injuries • Fear of further harassment, injury or violence • Believe perpetrator could seriously harm or kill • Weapons • Organised group • Criminal history of perpetrator • Alcohol/Drugs/mental health/financial problems • Fear of Harm to family • Sexual assault • Pattern/frequency/repeat victimisation • Isolated • Suicidal tendencies • Lack of understanding of their situation and risk. HATE INCIDENT REPORTING CENTRES & HATE CRIME AMBASSADORS What Is A HIRC? It is..... A community response to provide a facility to report a hate incident or hate crime without having to talk to the Police Police HIRC? What Is An HCA? They are….. Community members who raise awareness about hate crime and promote the reporting of hate incidents or crime The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Recommendation 16 “The ability to report at locations other than police stations” Under Reporting Estimate only 15% of Prejudice Based Incidents are reported/recorded by Police Services Barriers to Reporting Non recognition of Hate motivation Ashamed or Embarrassed Believe they are to blame Not serious enough Will not be believed Nothing will be done Low chance of a positive outcome Normalised to abuse Cultural issues/pressure Fear of reprisals Not knowing how/where to report Accessibility difficulties Mistrust of Police & other Services Negative experiences of reporting Feeling Mistrust in authorities Sense of ‘that’s just how it is’ Time/inconvenience Sensitive and emotive subject Embarrassment Secondary Victimisation HIRCs Role To provide a safe environment to facilitate the reporting process Offer support, advice and signpost Hate Crime Ambassador Role Work in the community to increase awareness around hate Engage in community activities Support, advise and signpost Link to local HIRC Enable reporting For a better place to live. Our nights have been uninterrupted. No-one called us “nig” at sight here at all. We have peace and hope to continue with this peace.