* Christianity
The Development and Early Significance
* Jesus Christ of Nazareth founded Christianity,
along with his twelve Apostles and eventually
hundreds of disciples.
* Christianity developed out of Judaism in
the 1st century C.E. It is founded on the
life, teachings, death, and resurrection of
Jesus Christ, and those who follow him are
called Christians.
*Christianity quickly spread, Paul helping it
move to the Roman Empire, where it was
first persecuted and then accepted by
Constantine. With the Edicts of Milan
Constantine outlawed the prosecution of
Christians and adopted it as the official
religion near the end of the empire.
The Good Shepherd
*GOD the Almighty Father
*Monotheistic But Consists of
Three Parts: The Father, The Son,
and The Holy Ghost.
*Three beings make up one God.
*Christianity originated in Israel, in particular the
cities of Nazareth, Jerusalem, and Bethlehem were
of importance. These areas are considered
Christianity’s holy land.
* Christianity has spread worldwide, but is more
popular in some areas than other:
* Today, only about a quarter of all Christians live
in Europe (26%). A plurality – more than a third –
now are in the Americas (37%). About one in
every four Christians lives in sub-Saharan Africa
(24%), and about one-in-eight is found in Asia and
the Pacific (13%).
are 2.18 billion Christians of all ages around
the world, representing nearly a third of the
estimated 2010 global population of 6.9 billion.
*Christianity spread because it is a missionary religion,
and thus the participants in the religion had a duty to
spread the religion. They believed that it was part of
their mission as a Christian to spread Christianity and
convert others. The first missionary was Paul, who
spread Christianity from Israel all the way to Rome
and beyond.
*The Bible is the essence of Christianity, the key holy book.
The Bible comes from two main sources - Old and New
Testaments - written in different languages. The Old
Testament was written primarily in Hebrew, with some
books written in Aramaic.
Whitby Abbey
San Pietro Basilica
A Catholic Chapel
* St Paul said:
Women should remain silent in the churches.
They are not allowed to speak, but must be in
submission, as the Law says. If they want to
enquire about something, they should ask their
own husbands at home; for it is disgraceful for
a woman to speak in the church.
1 Corinthians 14:34-35
* Many
people think that the Christian Church
is sexist. It does not treat men and women
* The
teachings of St Paul are used in support
of the gender inequality argument due to the
potentially sexist statements he made much
like the one motioned above.
* One
the other hand, Jesus always made it a point to show his
respect toward women. He included them among his closest
companions, and sometimes went against the conventions of his
time which kept men and women apart.
* Some
branches of the Christian religion have decided to allow
women to be priests or ministers such as the Church of England and
the Methodist church. However, some still remain against this
decision, such as the Roman Catholic Church.
Mary Magdalene
was one of Jesus'
companions and
was treated just
as his men
*There are many holy sites in the religion of Christianity.
*Jerusalem is a major one because that is where Jesus
lived and worked and performed his miracles.
*A few more specific holy sites include:
* Bethlehem which is where Jesus was born.
* Calvary, where Jesus was crucified.
* The River Jordan, where Jesus was baptized.
* Mount Tabor, where the transfiguration of Jesus occurred.
Calvary, which is
also known as
“Golgotha” or
“Place of the
The River
* There are many holy days of obligations that are recognized by
the Christian faith, meaning they are days where an important
event occurred and Christians are meant to spend the day
reflecting and praying. Often, it is mandatory for Christians to
attend mass on these days.
* The
two most important holidays of the Christian religion are
based around the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
* Christmas,
which is celebrated on December 25th, is the date
Christians celebrate as the birth of Christ. It is preceded by
four weeks of advent which is a time to prepare for Christ’s
which is celebrated on the first
Sunday after the first full moon on or after
March 21st, is the celebration of Christ’s
resurrection. This is preceded by Holy
Week which includes Christ's crucifixion.
* The
creation of the world is believed to have been
done by God over a period of seven days.
* He
created something different each day such as the
sky and the ocean, the land and all the plants, the
animals, etc.
* He created the first man, Adam, in his likeness. Out of
one of Adam’s ribs, he made the first woman, Eve.
* After
God had created all of these things, it is said
that he was happy with himself and he rested.
* Many
Christians believe that God has a miraculous
plan of salvation for the end of time.
* The
majority of the theories and ideas of how the
end of time will come about are based off of the
final book in the Bible known as the book of
* However,
much of this writing was apocalyptic and
terrifying, and not meant to be taken literally.
* There are several ideas as to what will happen when
Permillennialism, and Amillennialism.
* Although there are slight variations in each of these
ideas and theories, they are all based around similar
* While few Christians actually believe that the world
will end in a fiery Armageddon, it is a common belief
that Christ will have a second coming.
* He will
come back to the earth as he did thousands
of years ago but this time it will be to judge every
should and determine whether they face the eternal
fate of Heaven or Hell.
* Millions
of Christians also believe in The Great
Tribulation. This is a period of time in which
the antichrist will come and torture humanity
before Jesus’ second coming.
* It
was written about in the Bible, but most
mainstream Christians take it more poetically
and metaphorically rather than literally.
* The
most important laws to all Christians are
the Ten Commandments.
* These
are the ten basic ways in which
Christians can act the way God wants and
ultimately be able to achieve eternal grace in
* Going
against these Commandants will leave
humans to face Hell if they do not repent and
do penance for their actions.
* The story of how the
Ten Commandments came to be
can be found in the Old Testament of the Bible.
* Moses, one of God’s chosen people, rescued millions of
Jewish slaves from Egypt. They had no where else to
go, so they wound up travelling through the desert.
* The people all became hungry and weary and so they
began to worship false gods in hopes that they might
receive any sort of help from them.
* God became angry with his people and demanded
Moses to go to the top of Mount Sinai where he
received the Ten Commandments to pass on to the
*There is no defined purpose of life for Christians.
*It is strongly believed, however, that they are
meant to live out God’s will and live to please
him. This means avoiding a life or sin and
resisting temptations.
is the ultimate goal of every Christian to live
well and help others, basically just living the way
Jesus did, which will lead them to everlasting
grace in Heaven.
* Many
artists use their skills and techniques to
depict biblical events, such as The Sistine Chapel
by Michelangelo.
* Christianity
also had a huge influence
architectural styles such as the Gothic style.
* Many
basilicas and cathedrals have gorgeous and
intricate architecture made to show the devotion
and honor that the Christians had for God.
St. Paul’s
The Basilica of St.
Peter, Vatican City,
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Project by:
Emma Glackin
Fiona Furnari
Madison Brown

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