U.N. Roles on Public Health - United Nations Association

Report
Presenting...
U.N. Roles on Public
Health
By Anne Whitsel
and Brooke Bauman
Current Public
Health System
Under U.N.
Management
Contents
Solutions
1.
3.
Issues with
Public Health
System
2.
Current Public Health System
Under U.N. Management
World Health Organization
● Directing and Coordinating
Authority
● Focus on Improving World Wide
Health
-ex: 6 point plan
•
•
Research and Policies
Joint Programs & Organizations
•
•
United Nations
Childrens Fund
(UNICEF)
The Joint United
Nations Program on
HIV & AIDS
(UNAIDS)
●
● United Nations Population Fund
(UNFPA)
Formation of Policies & Initiatives
•
•
General Assembly
Economic & Social Council
(UNECOSOC)
Public Health Policies
1952 to 1964
● WHO: inspected
300 million for
yaws, cared for
affected 50 million
•
2013 to present
UNICEF and WHO: Antipolio Campaign in Syria
World Health Goals
•
•
•
Alma Ata Declaration of 1978
Universal Commitment
Financial Risk Protection
-"Everyone should have access to the
health services they need without risk of
financial ruin or impoverishment"
•
Treatment for HIV/AIDS & TB
U.N. Health Budget
•
$5.53 billion budget
adopted
○ 20 million:
children’s health
● 13 billion required:
health and treatment
Issues With Public
Health System
Health Coverage
Factors That Determine Health
Coverage:
Population
Percentage Affected By Disease
Number of Health Workers
Wealth
•
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Large gap between present
health coverage and Universal
Health Coverage (UHC)
World Health Report: 2006
The Americas
Africa
14 % of the world’s population
population
10% of the global burden of disease
disease
42% of the world’s health workers
workers
>50% of global health expenditure
expenditure
Sub-Saharan
11% of the world’s
25% of the global burden of
3% of the world’s health
< 1% of global health
2013 World Health Report
2013 WHR (Continued)
•
•
⅓ of people given
antiretroviral treatment
(ART)
5 million still in need of
treatment
Funding For Appeals
•
Flash and Consolidated
Appeals
- Natural Disasters and War
Zones
At 60% of total required
funding needed
•
Research Coordination & Communication
•
Relationship between researchers/
health workers and policy makers
- “Top Down v.s. Bottom Up Approach”
•
Research conducted far away from
where it will be applied
Solutions
•
System Management
Fair Number of Health
Workers
•
Provide Healthcare to the
Financially Unstable
-ex: Cash payments
•
(UHC)
Focus on the Role of the
United Nations
Education on Disease Prevention
In order to prevent diseases before they occur…
More educational programs
ex: Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program
(DHAPP)
ex: United States of America International Development (USAID)’s
International Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative
•
What You Need to Know on
HIV & AIDS…
1. Prevention is more effective than
Treatment!
Analyzing Funding For Appeals
•
•
•
Difficult to raise money for
an issue that hasn’t
occurred (Flash Appeal)
Generosity of donors/
Financial Status
Large budget
Sending Donors (not
including relief groups)
to areas they will be
funding ???
Research Coordination & Communication
•
•
Studies conducted closer to
affected area
“Bottom Up Approach”
Conclusion
Main Problems
1) Lack of Healthcare in poor
countries
2) More Focus on Prevention
v.s. Treatment
3) Lack of Funding
4)Currently a “Top Down”
Approach
Solutions
1)System Management
2) Education
3) Presenting Problems to
Donors
4) “Bottom Up Approach”
The U.N. Can Change!
Sources Cited
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"About WHO." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2014. <http://www.who.int/about/en/>.
"Bodies, History, Visits, Employment, Address, Members, Budget, Information." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml>.
•
"General Assembly Adopts $5.53 Billion Budget to Fund WorldwideOperations as Main Segment of Sixty-eighth Session Concludes." UN
News Center. UN, 27 Dec. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2014. <http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/ga11479.doc.htm>.
•
Gladstone, Rick. "Polio Vaccination Effort in Syria Appears to Have Some Effect." The New York Times, 9 Jan. 2014. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/10/world/middleeast/polio-in-syria-is-said-to-be-under-control.html?_r=0>.
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"Global Issues at the United Nations." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/health/>.
"Main Messages from World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.who.int/whr/2013/main_messages/en/index.html>.
•
Nelson, Jane. "Business As a Partner in Strengthening Public Health Systems in Developing Countries." N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.un.org/partnerships/Docs/report_13_HEALTH%20FINAL.pdf>.
•
"Prevention Programs." Prevention Programs. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.aids.gov/federal-resources/hiv-aids-programs/prevention-programs/>.
•
"Providing Help for Children." Save a Child. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. <http://www.unicefusa.org/work/>.
Sources Cited (Continued)
•
"Research for Universal Health Coverage." World Health Report 2013. N.p., 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.who.int/entity/whr/2013/whr2013-slides.pptx?ua=1>.
•
"UN Agencies Begin Syrian Immunization Campaign after Reports of Polio Outbreak." United Nations Multimedia, Radio,
Photo and Television. N.p., 25 Oct. 2013. Web. 1 Feb. 2014. <http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2013/10/unagencies-start-syrian-immunization-campaign-after-reports-of-polio-outbreak/>.
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"UN Launches Middle East Anti-polio Campaign." The Times of Israel. N.p., 8 Nov. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.timesofisrael.com/un-launches-middle-east-polio-campaign/>.
•
"UN, Partners Seek Record $13 Billion to Bring Life-saving Aid to Millions in 2014." UN News Center. UN, 16 Dec. 2013.
Web. 21 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=46743&Cr=humanitarian+appeal&Cr1=#.UtGkRtGA3IU>.
•
"UNAIDS Strategy 2011-2015." UNAIDS Strategy 2011-2015. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.
<http://www.unaids.org/en/aboutunaids/unaidsstrategygoalsby2015/>.
Sources Cited (Continued)
•
"UNFPA in the UN System." UNFPA -. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
<http://www.unfpa.org/public/home/about/pid/4629>.
•
"United Nations Fund For International Partnerships." United Nations, 20 Dec. 1999. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.un.org/partnerships/Docs/children_a-54-664-add1.pdf>.
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"The United Nations System." United Nations Department of Public Information, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/pdfs/UN%20system%20chart_lettercolor>
•
"WHO Called to Return to the Declaration of Alma-Ata." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
<http://www.who.int/social_determinants/tools/multimedia/alma_ata/en/>.
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http://www.cappe.edu.au/news.htm
Photo Credits
http://www.medicusmundi.org/en/contributions/reports/2012/negotiating-global-health-at-the-world-health-organization-the-case-of-theglobal-code-of-practice-on-the-international-recruitment-of-health-personnel
http://www.cochrane.org/about-us/relations-world-health-organization
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:World_Health_Organization_Executive_Board_Room.JPG
http://www.un.org/youthenvoy/un-agencies/unicef-the-united-nations-childrens-fund/
http://ramrojob.com/org/unfpa-the-united-nations-population-fund
https://globalhealth.duke.edu/media/news/michael-merson-comments-unaids
http://www.consilium.europa.eu/council/photographiclibrary?command=PIC&pic=1&bid=61&lang=EN&rubrique=4261&dateEvent=25/09/2012&id=818&picid=a0f4fe51-2f39-4463-95db97a7c594f84f
https://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/untour/subeco.htm
http://www.timesofisrael.com/un-launches-middle-east-polio-campaign/
http://www.opensecrets.org/news/reports/moneytrail.php
http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2013/10/un-agencies-start-syrian-immunization-campaign-after-reports-of-polio-outbreak/
http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/yaws_elimination_strategy/en/index.html
http://talkvietnam.com/2013/11/un-to-launch-major-aid-appeal-for-battered-philippines/#.UuqqJ3mO4ao
http://technorati.com/politics/article/health-care-reform-the-sky-is/
http://www.bestclipartblog.com
Thank You

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