Philosophy of Art Presentation - Philosophy of Art Course Blog

The Garden
of Divided
-Evaluation by
Collingwood and
Yuxuan Chen
Philosophy of Art
December 6th
Background on the Artist
-Yuxuan Chen
Started taking drawing lessons since four
years old
Took oil painting lessons at thirteen years old
Continued art education in high school and
recipient of regional art awards
Worked as cashier/fry cook at McDonald’s
during high school
Worked generally on landscape/cultural
Amateur photographer
“The Garden of Earthly Delights”
Hieronymus Bosch
“The Garden of Divided Delights”
• Oil, 12x16
• Addresses the growing
unhealthy lifestyle of people
• Aims to educate and draw
people away from
unhealthy foods
Expressionist Theorist: R.G. Collingwood
Educated and taught at Oxford University
Art is the expression of emotions
Exploration of emotion
The artist does not really know his or her true
emotion before working on the artwork
• Expression of emotion involves the transition
from the vague to the clear as well as from
oppression to alleviation
• Spectator does not necessarily have to
experience the exact emotion as the artist, just
the general emotion.
Expressionist Theorist: Leo Tolstoy
• 1828-1910, Russian
• “Art is a human activity consisting in this, that one
man consciously, by means of certain external
signs, hands on to others feelings she has lived
through and that other people are infected by
these feelings and also experience them.” (p.51)
• Communication of feelings
• Goal of art is for the unity of humankind
• Art should not be class-bound
• Art must be sincere and should not be taught
• Good art should be related to religious perception
Tolstoy and Collingwood: Could be art
• Expression of emotion
• Transition from vague to clear
• Transition from oppression to alleviation
• Unification of humankind
However, Tolstoy argues…
• Emotions of artist might not match those of
the spectator
• Not “good” art because not religious
• Imitation because of art lessons
Collingwood defends…
• Emotions just have to be generally the
• “Good” art because of imaginary
experience and expression of emotions
• Not imitation because individualization
is brought through distinction of
Do you think there are flaws in the views of Tolstoy
and Collingwood?
How well do you think this painting addresses
unhealthy lifestyles and obesity?
What emotions did you feel when you saw this
How important are emotions in the context of the
Art-color. Digital image. Http:// N.p., n.d.
Art-supplies. Digital image. Http://
N.p., n.d. Web.
"Collingwood's Version of the Expressionist Theory of Art." Collingwood's Version of the Expressionist Theory
of Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012.
Dayton, Eric. Art and Interpretation: An Anthology of Readings in Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art.
Orchard Park, NY: Broadview, 1998. Print.
Emotions. Digital image. Http://
N.p., n.d. Web.
FullGarden. Digital image. Http:// N.p., n.d. Web.
"Tolstoy’s What Is Art?" N.p., n.d. Web.
Tolstoy, Leo N. What is Art? Translated by Almyer Maude. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1960.

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