Genetically Modified Organisms Outline What are Genetically Modified Organisms? Why are GMOs produced? How are GMOs produced? Examples of GMOs Other Examples of GMOs and GMO Lovers Advantages of GMOs Disadvantages of GMOs Conclusion About the Proponent What are Genetically Modified Organisms? are a result of technology that has altered the DNA of living organisms (animals, plants or bacteria) Other terms for GMOs: Genetically engineered Transgenic Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology Why are GMOs produced? to enhance growth and/or efficiency of food conversion. to modify behaviour, e.g. aggression. to enhance commercially significant flesh characteristics. to control reproductive activity and/or sexual phenotype. to increase resistance of species to pathogens. to increase tolerance to/of environmental variables such as temperature. How are GMOs produced? Examples of GMOs • It is a patented brand of genetically modified (GM) fluorescent zebrafish with bright red, green, and orange fluorescent color. • Can detect pollution by selectively fluorescing in the presence of environmental toxins. Glofish Examples of GMOs • Created for high school students to be used in dissecting. • You can see through the skin how organs grow, how cancer starts and develops. See-Through Frog Examples of GMOs • A genetically engineered pig approved for limited production which produces 65 percent less phosphorous in animal waste thus very environmental friendly. Enviropig Examples of GMOs • a cross between a lion and a dog. • is probably the most remarkable example of how far science is able to go with modern DNA and cross fertilization techniques. Dolion Examples of GMOs • a miniature pine tree which is a mere 2cm tall when fully grown. • originally developed to provide a fast growing source for pinetree smell to be used in the fragrance industry but in very little time its usefulness in other areas became obvious. Tiney Piney Examples of GMOs • Developed by Copenhagen firm Aresa Bio-detection • can be handy when it comes to saving the world. Whenever flowers hit nitrogen dioxide, the plant changes color to red. Land Mines Detecting Plants Examples of GMOs • Genes from Bt was inserted into the crop to make them capable of producing an insecticidal toxin and therefore resistant to certain pests. • Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a soil bacterium that produces insecticidal toxins. BT Corn Examples of GMOs • produced through genetic engineering to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, in the edible parts of rice. • Golden Rice is being developed as a potential new food-based approach to improve vitamin A status. Golden Rice Other Examples of GMOs and GMO Lovers Other examples of GMOs: GM Potato Grapple Liger Umbuku Lizard Rubber-Cork Tree GM Canola Jatropha Sugar beets BT Eggplant GM Papaya Sudden-death Mosquito Featherless Chicken GMO Lovers in the World Advantages of GMOs Higher yielding crops Promote higher profits Enhanced taste and quality Improved Nutrients Reduced maturation time Disadvantages of GMOs Human health implications Labelling is not mandatory in some countries Ethics (“Playing God”) Conclusion About the Proponent: Name: Raquel P. Calawen Age: 17 years old Hi everyone! By the way, I’m a BS Accountancy student here in UC. I like editing videos and creating presentations. I can sing and dance. I have a high-time in joining debate competitions because I enjoy argumentation. That’s all for my video. I hope you enjoyed it. Thanks!