Chemical Nomenclature

Report
Chemistry 120
Chapter 6: Chemical Nomenclature
Outline
I.
Octet Rule
II.
Ionic Compounds
A. Binary Nomenclature
B. Polyatomic Nomenclature
III. Covalent Compounds
A. Binary Nomenclature
IV. Acids
A. Binary Nomenclature
B. Ternary Nomenclature (Oxyacids)
V. Hydrates
How do
elements
bond?
Metals lose electrons.
Nonmetals gain electrons.
How are ionic compounds named?
How are ionic compounds formed?
What are some common ions?
Table 6-7, p. 162
How are ionic compounds named?
Group III
(-3)
Group IV
(-2)
Group V
(-3 except N)
Group VI
(-2)
Group VII
(-1)
Borate
BO33-
Carbonate
CO32-
Nitrate
NO31Nitrite
NO21Phosphate
PO43Phosphite
PO33-
Sulfate
SO42Sulfite
SO32-
Chlorate
ClO31Chlorite
ClO21-
Arsenate
AsO43Arsenite
AsO33-
Selenate
SeO42Selenite
SeO32-
Bromate
BrO31Bromite
BrO21-
Tellurate
TeO42Tellurite
TeO32-
Iodate
IO31Iodite
IO21-
Group III
(-3)
Group IV
(-2)
Group V
(-3 except N)
Group VI
(-2)
Group VII
(-1)
Borate
BO33-
Carbonate
CO32-
Nitrate
NO31Nitrite
NO21Phosphate
PO43Phosphite
PO33-
Sulfate
SO42Sulfite
SO32-
Chlorate
ClO31Chlorite
ClO21-
Arsenate
AsO43Arsenite
AsO33-
Selenate
SeO42Selenite
SeO32-
Bromate
BrO31Bromite
BrO21-
Tellurate
TeO42Tellurite
TeO32-
Iodate
IO31Iodite
IO21-
Table 6-8, p. 162
How are covalent compounds formed?
7 Diatomic Molecules
How are covalent compounds named?
What does the anion ending tell us about how its acid is named?
Hydrate
Nomenclature
MX · n H2Og
cation ion prefixhydrate
Figure 6-5 p168
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the name for Ca3N2?
A. Tricalcium dinitride
B. Calcium nitride
C. Calcium nitrogen
D. Calcium nitrate
E. Calcium nitrite
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the formula for potassium phosphide?
A. KP
B. PP
C. K3P
D. KP3
E. K3PO4
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the formula for dinitrogen monoxide?
A. 2NO
B. N2O
C. NO2
D. N2O2
E. NO
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the name for P4O10
A. Phosphorus oxide
B. Phosphorus decaoxide
C. Tetraphosphorus decaoxide
D. Phosphorus oxygen
E. Decaphosphorus tetraoxide
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the name for Fe2O3
A. Iron oxide
B. Iron(III) oxide
C. Ferric oxide
D. Iron(II) oxide
E. B and C
Example – Binary Nomenclature
What is the formula for lead(IV) oxide?
A. Pb2O4
B. PbO2
C. PbO
D. LbO2
E. Plumbic oxide
Example – Ternary and Quaternary
Nomenclature
What is the name of NaNO3?
A. Sodium nitrite
B. Sodium nitride
C. Sodium nitrogen trioxide
D. Sodium nitrate
E. Sodium nitrogen oxide
Example – Ternary and Quaternary
Nomenclature
What is the name of Cr2(CO3)3?
A. Chromium carbonate
B. Chromium(II) carbonate
C. Chromium(II) carbonate(III)
D. Chromium(III) carbon trioxide
E. Chromium(III) carbonate
Example – Acid Nomenclature
What is the name of HCl (aq)?
A. Chloric acid
B. Hydrochloric acid
C. Hydrogen chloride
D. Hydrochlorous acid
E. B and C
Example – Acid Nomenclature
What is the name of HClO3 (aq)?
A. Chloric acid
B. Hydrochloric acid
C. Hydrogen chlorate
D. chlorous acid
E. Perchloric acid
Example – Acid Nomenclature
What is the formula for phosphorous acid?
A. H3PO3 (aq)
B. H3P (aq)
C. H3PO4 (aq)
D. PO3 (aq)
E. H2PO3 (aq)
What is the systematic name of gypsum, CaSO4 · 2 H2O?
p169
Example – Hydrate Nomenclature
What is the formula of cupric chloride
dihydrate?
A. CuCl • H2O
B. CuCl2 • 2 H2O
C. H2CuCl2O
D. CuCl2
E. B and C
Example – Hydrate Nomenclature
What is the name of MgSO4 • 6 H2O?
A. Magnesium sulfate hexahydrate
B. Manganese(II) sulfate hexahydrate
C. Magnesium sulfate hydrate
D. Magnesium(II) sulfate hexahydrate
E. Magnesium(II) sulfite hexahydrate

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