St rs Jeopardy Mr. Golden Loco-Motion H-R Diagram Life Cycle Mixed Bag Sun Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Final Jeopardy $100 Question from Mr. Golden Sun List the 4 layers of the Sun from innermost to outermost. $100 Answer from Mr. Golden Sun Core, Photosphere, Chromosphere, Corona $200 Question from Mr. Golden Sun How does solar wind affect Earth? $200 Answer from Mr. Golden Sun The wind comes from the corona and is full of ions and is deflected by Earth’s magnetic field/trapped in Van Allen belts and react with gasesgive off light(aurora). $300 Question from Mr. Golden Sun What causes sunspots to form? $300 Answer from Mr. Golden Sun They are where the magnetic field penetrates the photosphere. $400 Question from Mr. Golden Sun Compare solar flares with prominences. $400 Answer from Mr. Golden Sun Solar flares are violent eruptions of particles/radiation while prominences are arcs of gas ejected from the chromospheres/condenses in corona and comes back to surface. $500 Question from Mr. Golden Sun How does the Sun create energy for solar activity? Explain $500 Answer from Mr. Golden Sun Fusion: lightweight nuclei into heavier H with He $100 Question from Loco-Motion This is when two stars are gravitationally bound and orbit a common center of mass? $100 Answer from Loco-Motion Binary stars $200 Question from Loco-Motion Arrange the following from smallest to largest: parsec, astronomical unit, kilometer, light-year. $200 Answer from Loco-Motion Smallest Kilometer, AU, Light-year, Parsec <--Largest $300 Question from Loco-Motion Explain blue shift and red shift in regards to stars. Be sure to include why we associate colors with the shift! $300 Answer from Loco-Motion Blue towards Red away; wavelength relates to color wavelength in visible spectrum. $400 Question from Loco-Motion Why might a star have the same absolute magnitude but different apparent magnitudes? $400 Answer from Loco-Motion Appears to be same brightness but different distances. $500 Question from Loco-Motion Defend or refute this statement & explain: As the distance between the star and the Earth[observer] increases, the parallax decreases. $500 Answer from Loco-Motion True because the angle between the star and the Earth at two different positions during orbit become smaller. $100 Question from H-R Diagram What three characteristics of stars does the H-R diagram show? $100 Answer from H-R Diagram Color, temperature, and luminosity $200 Question from H-R Diagram 90% of stars occupy this region in the HR diagram? $200 Answer from H-R Diagram Main sequence stars $300 Question from H-R Diagram Illustrate on the board where the Sun would fall on the HR diagram? $300 Answer from H-R Diagram Roughly the center of main sequence $400 Question from H-R Diagram What are the hottest and most dim stars called? $400 Answer from H-R Diagram White dwarfs $500 Question from H-R Diagram Where would a black hole would go on the H-R diagram? $500 Answer from H-R Diagram Off the chart to the right (WAY over to the right) and underneath (WAY under). $100 Question from Lifecycle Where all stars form? $100 Answer from Lifecycle Nebula $200 Question from Lifecycle Whether or not a star will eventually form a white dwarf or a supernova depends on this? $200 Answer from Lifecycle Mass $300 Question from Lifecycle After an average sized star, a star will become this? $300 Answer from Lifecycle Red Giant $400 Question from Lifecycle Why do stars move through stages during their life cycle? $400 Answer from Lifecycle When hydrogen in core is gone, cannot undergo fusion $500 Question from Lifecycle Explain how the lifetime of stars is determined by their mass? $500 Answer from Lifecycle High mass stars will burn fuel more quickly versus low mass which burn slowly. $100 Question from Mixed Bag Name the longest running cartoon in US history. $100 Answer from Mixed Bag The Simpsons $200 Question from Mixed Bag Name the RI State Bird. $200 Answer from Mixed Bag RI Red $300 Question from Mixed Bag Name the term used to describe a word that is the same spelled the same backwards and forwards Ex: racecar, madam, radar $300 Answer from Mixed Bag Palindrome $400 Question from Mixed Bag List the 4 presidents found on Mt. Rushmore in South Dakota $400 Answer from Mixed Bag Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, Lincoln $500 Question from Mixed Bag What is the name of Jasmine’s pet tiger in Aladdin? $500 Answer from Mixed Bag Rajah Final Jeopardy Explain how the universe would be different if massive stars did not explode at the end of their lives. Final Jeopardy Answer Heavy elements would not be dispersed, and they would not be available for incorporation into later generations of stars or for the formation of planets in solar systems. Tools of Astronomy $100 What is the main difference between a refracting and a reflecting telescope? Tools of Astronomy $100 Refracting=lenses Reflecting=mirrors Tools of Astronomy $200 What is the relationship between wavelength and frequency? Tools of Astronomy $200 Inversely proportional Tools of Astronomy $300 Why is interferometry useful to astronomers? Tools of Astronomy $300 By combining the images from several telescopes, astronomers can create highly defined and detailed images. Tools of Astronomy $400 List 3 forms of electromagnetic radiation. Tools of Astronomy $400 UV, radio, microwave, infared, X-ray, gamma ray Tools of Astronomy $500 Relate electromagentic spectrum to astronomy…i.e. why learn about it now? Tools of Astronomy $500 The radiation from distant bodies in the universe; objects in space emit radiation.