renewable energy development

Report
Renewable Energy Development and Related Promotion and
Pricing Mechanism in the Philippines
APEC WORKSHOP
Chinese Taipei, 26-27 September 2013
ELVIRA TORRES-GELINDON
Senior Researcher, APERC
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT
RE POLICY
(PRICING)
MECHANISM
• Background/Country Profile
• Current Energy Situation
• National Renewable Energy
Program (NREP)
• Sub-Sectoral Programs and Targets
• Renewable Energy Portfolio
Standards (RPS)
• Feed-in-Tariff (FIT)
• Feed-in-Tariff Allowance (FiT All)
• Net Metering System
BACKGROUND/COUNTRY PROFILE
CURRENT ENERGY SITUATION
Primary Energy Mix
Fuel Input Mix for Power
Generation
RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
National Renewable
Energy Program (NREP)
Passage of Republic
Act 9513 or
Renewable Act of
2008
-Accelerates the
economy’s RE
development
National Renewable
Energy Board (NREB)
Renewable Energy
Management Bureau (REMB)
NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM (NREP)
Institutionalize a comprehensive
approach to accelerate the applications
of renewable energy technologies in a
sustainable manner
Development Framework
Sectoral SubPrograms
Policy and
Program
Support
Setoral Targets
1. Increase geothermal capacity by 75.0 percent;
2. Increase hydropower capacity by 160 percent;
3. Deliver additional 277MW biomass power capacities;
4. Attain wind power grid parity with the commissioning of 2,345
MW additional capacities;
5. Mainstream an additional 284 MW solar power capacities and
pursue the achievement of the 1,528 MW aspirational target;
6.
Develop the first ocean energy facility for the country.
The 2010 RE Capacity level tripled by 2030
SUB-SECTORAL PROGRAMS
BIOMASS ENERGY ROADMAP
2011
2015
2020
M
• B2
• E5
I
L
E
S
2025
T
O
N
E
2030
S
Mainstreaming of 913 MW (6.398 GWH) biomass capacities (US$2.3 B)
Displaced 2,600 Million Liters of Fossil Fuel (US$1.37 Billion)
Generated jobs – 730 direct jobs
Infrastructure support for blends increase
• E10
• RA 9513 is in full swing
• FIT for biomass is viable
• B10 & E20
• B5
DEVELOP
BEP 2012
• B20 & E85
2017
2015
2021
IMPLEMENT & UPDATE BEP PLANS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES
M
A
J
O
R
S
T
R
A
T
E
G
Y
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY ROADMAP
2011
2015
2020
M
I
L
E
S
2025
T
O
N
E
2030
S
Mainstreaming of 1,495 MW (81.06 TWH) capacities (US$3.153 B)
Annual CO2 emission reduction - 60.795 Million Tons (US$303.975 M)
Generated jobs – 2,541 direct jobs
• RA 9513 is in
full swing
• GEP is in place
• Geothermal
Training Center
• 220 MW additional
installed capacity
2012
DEVELOP
GEP
2015
• 1,100 MW additional
installed capacity
• 95 MW additional
installed capacity
• 80 MW additional
installed capacity
2020
2025
IMPLEMENT & UPDATE GEP PLANS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES
M
A
J
O
R
S
T
R
A
T
E
G
Y
SOLAR
M I ENERGY
L E S T ROADMAP
O N E S
2011
2015
2020
M
I
L
E
S
2025
T
O
N
E
2030
S
Mainstreaming of 1,528 MW (475 GWH) solar capacities (US$4.6 B)
Annual CO2 Emission Reduction - 1.81 Million Tons (US$9.0 M)
Generated jobs – 1,200 direct jobs
• RA 9513 in
full swing
• FIT for solar
is viable
• SEP in place
• PV Net
Metering
Demo
2012
DEVELOP
SEP
•
•
•
•
Additional 269 MW capacity
CSP Demo Power Facility
PV Institute
Smart Grid Demo
• Established Solar Laboratory
• PV reached Grid Parity
• Integration of CSP
2015
2017
2020
IMPLEMENT & UPDATE SEP PLANS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES
M
A
J
O
R
S
T
R
A
T
E
G
Y
HYDRO AND OCEAN ENERGY ROADMAP
2011
2015
M
2020
I
L
E
S
2025
T
O
N
E
2030
S
Mainstreaming of 4,580 MW ( 24.072 TWH) hydro capacities (US$11.449 B)
Annual CO2 Emission Reduction - 18.054 Million Tons (US$90.272 M)
Generated jobs – 3,664 direct jobs
• RA 9513 in
• 98 MW additional
full swing
installed capacity
• FIT for hydro
(2.15% of the smallis viable
hydro target
• HOEP in
capacity)
place
2012
DEVELOP
HOEP
2015
• 2,958 MW additional
• 1,575 MW additional
capacity (62.5% of the installed capacity (35.4%
hydro target hydro
of the hydro target
capacity)
capacity)
• First OTEC facility is
• At least two new OTEC
added to the grid
facility is added to the
grid
2020
2025
IMPLEMENT & UPDATE HOEP PLANS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES
M
A
J
O
R
S
T
R
A
T
E
G
Y
WIND ENERGY ROADMAP
2011
2015
2020
2025
2030
M I L E S T O N E S
Mainstreaming of 1,540 MW (3.372 TWH) wind capacities (US$3.85 B)
Annual CO2 emission reduction - 2.529 Million Tons (US$12.7 M)
Generated jobs – 1,280 direct jobs
• RA 9513 is in full swing
• FIT for wind is viable (on-grid & off-grid)
• Transmission Development Plan
• Additional 855 MW capacity
• Distribution Development Plan
• Additional
• 1,172 MW additional
• Wind power reached
442 MW
capacity
Grid Parity
capacity
• Smart Grid Demo
2012
DEVELOP
WEP
2015
2020
2022
2025
IMPLEMENT & UPDATE WEP PLANS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES
M
A
J
O
R
S
T
R
A
T
E
G
Y
RE POLICY MECHANISM
Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
• the minimum percentage of generation from eligible RE resources
provided by the generators, distribution utilities and electric suppliers
necessary in the application of FiT on a per technology basis;
Feed-in-Tariff (FIT)
• guaranteed payment in Philippine Peso per kilowatt-hour (“Php/kWh”)
for electricity generated from emerging renewable energy technologies
and actually delivered to the distribution and transmission network;
Feed-in-Tariff Allowance (FIT All)
• a uniform charge determined and collected by FIT All Fund
Administrator which would cover the differential above the prevailing
cost recovery rate for eligible RE generation actually delivered;
Net Metering System
• a consumer-based renewable energy incentive scheme wherein
electric power generated by an end-user from an eligible on-site RE
generating facility and delivered to the local distribution utility (DU) may
be used to offset electric energy provided by the DU to the end-user
during the applicable period.
RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARDS
 Initial installation targets for RPS until 2015
SOLAR – 50 MW
WIND – 200 MW
BIOMASS – 200 MW
RUN-OFF RIVER HYDRO – 250 MW
OCEAN – 10 MW
FEED-IN-TARIFF (FIT)
SOLAR – P9.68/kWh (USD 0.242/kWh)
WIND – P8.53/kWh (USD 0.213/kWh)
BIOMASS – P6.63/kWh (USD0.165/kWh)
RUN-OFF RIVER HYDRO – P5.90/kWh
(USD0.145/kWh)
Still under study
FEED-IN-TARIFF ALLOWANCE (FIT All)
Source : Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC)
FD- Total FIT Differential ; CRR – Cost Recovery Revenue; WCA – Working Capital Allowance;
AA- Administration Allowance; DA – Disbursement Allowance
NET METERING SYSTEM
Proposed by the National
Renewable Energy Board
(NREB) to ERC
a consumer-based renewable energy
incentive scheme wherein electric power
generated by an end-user from an eligible onsite RE generating facility and delivered to the
local distribution utility (DU) may be used to
offset electric energy provided by the DU to
the end-user during the applicable period.
CURRENT STATUS
The ERC posted invitation to stakeholders for
comments on the FIT All guidelines;
Further guidelines on the payment and collection
of FIT Allowance has been submitted by DOE to
ERC for review and approval;
FIT and FIT All System implementation pending
resolution of some administrative issues
Thank You for your attention!

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