KSA Energy Strategy

Report
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
A personal view
KSA Energy Strategy
Current situation in KSA
1.
Current generating power is only marginally above demand
2.
In the summer the lunchtime and early evening peaks are covered
using diesel generation - $6m of diesel/day ($2bn/yr)
4.
If nothing is done in 15 years all current oil production will go to the
domestic market and there will be little left for export
5.
Electricity generation is set to rise from 14GW to 30GW in the next
15 years
6.
Conventional and sustainable energy sources are going to be used to
meet this requirement.
KSA Energy Strategy
Power Usage
1.
80% of current power generation is for buildings
2. Over 50% of the total is used in the domestic sector
3. Over 70% of the properties have minimal or no insulation
4. Expecting to build 1.65m accommodation units in the next “five years”
Greater London has around 1.9 million accommodation units
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
A personal view
KSA Energy Strategy
Project
Jizan Refinery Power Plant - 2,600 mW ($1.8 bn)
3 new independent power plants ($1bn)
Jubail Independent water, steam & power project
IPP 500 mW power plant for the steel mill ($500m)
Power plant and Desal plant and Yanbu Phase IIl
Stakeholder
Status
Mile
stones
Aramco
FEED
Award Q4 13
Aramco/SEC
PQ
EPC 2013
Marafiq &
Sadara
Dongbu Corp
Design
Marafiq
Itlalat Al-Ghad
Tender
Award
Q1/13
RAWEC
Study
ITB 02/13
Salbukh Power Plant 1725 MW ($750m)
SEC
Study
ITB March
2013
Al-Muzahimiyah Power Plant
SEC
PP13 – 1,800mW Gas Combined Cycle
SEC
Plan
2015 18/19
AL-Ghad Power and Utility Plant ($300m)
Rabigh IWSPP Expansion ($500m)
KSA Energy Strategy
Stakeholder
Status
Mile
stones
Rafia PP2 Gas Turbine Plane
SEC
Plan
2014 2017
Jezan 2.8680 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
2012
Finish 2017
Ras Abu Qamis 3,600 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
20114
Finish 2019
Ras Al Khair 3,600 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
2014
Finish 2020
Al Rais 1,600 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
2015
Finish 2019
Dibba Phase 11,600 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
2012
Finish 2017
South Jeddah Phase 2 1,800 mW Steam Turbine
SEC
Plan
2013
Finish 2019
Dibba 2 1,800mW HFO
SEC
Plan
2013
Rabigh 2 1,800 mW
SEC
Plan
21 Oct
Project
KSA Energy Strategy
Strategy for Sustainable Energy
February last year the Ministry of Energy was formed with a mandate to legislate on
the insulation levels for properties
Dr. Saleh Alawaji - Deputy Minister for Electricity
•
Green building is important as it is now a major mandate of the Government
•
Enforcement for thermal efficiency is required
•
Promote air conditioners efficiency
Main points:
• Enforcement of thermal efficiency
•
Create a national energy efficiency centre
•
Revise electricity tariff especially for industry
KSA Energy Strategy
Project
16 Nuclear power plants ($300bn)
Stakeholder
Status
KACARE
Plan
Renewable Energy Ph1 & 2 6,650 mW ($12 bn)
Fasan Island Solar project $30m
Plan
SEC
100 mw solar power plant - Makkah
4GW of geothermal and waste-to-energy
Dibba 1 600mW Integrated combined cycle using CSP
2MW solar power project
Mile
stones
Plan
Q2 /14 Q2/16
Plan
KACARE
Plan
SEC
Aramco
17GW by 2032
ITB April
Plan
KSA Energy Strategy
IAEA Milestones
Phase 1
Milestone 1
Phase 2
Considerations before a decision to launch a nuclear power
programme is taken.
Ready to make a knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear
programme
Milestone 2
Preparatory work for the construction of a nuclear power plant
after a policy decision has been taken
Ready to invite bids for the first nuclear power plant
Phase 3
Milestone 3
Activities to implement the first nuclear power plant
Ready to commission and operate first nuclear power plant
KSA Energy Strategy
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National position
Nuclear safety
Management
Funding and financing
Legislative framework
Safeguards
Regulatory framework
Radiation protection
Electrical grid
Human resource development
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Stakeholder involvement
Site and supporting facilities
Environmental protection
Emergency planning
Security and physical protection
Nuclear fuel cycle
Radioactive waste
Industrial involvement
Procurement
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
Insulation
There are 7.1 million dwellings in the Kingdom
Houses and apartments use over 50% of power generation
Over 10 years install externally placed insulation - SR 100bn
Saving estimated last year when oil was around $80/barrel is in
the order of $125 bn
The issue is not about the cost of electricity but the amount of
oil that could be saved is less was used.
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
Types of Renewable Energy
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Solar Hot water
Photovoltaic
Concentrated solar power
Biomass
Geothermal
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
Water Usage
KSA produces only a relatively low percentage of its water from
desalination and the exisiting water table has a limited life
Over 70% of potable water is used for agriculture - used once and
much is lost
Recycling of water is currently only being considered for industrial
uses
Solar desalination is being considered in the GCC
Controlled farming is under investigation worldwide
KSA Energy Strategy
Future Cities
Cities and buildings of the future must be efficient in water and energy
Public transportation should use energy efficient systems and provide a
comprehensive service
Food should be produced locally in purpose build facilities
Black water should be recycled and the days of drinking bottled water are
likely to be limitted.
The production, processing, packaging and delivery of foodstuffs uses over
40% of hydrocarbon products
The price of the imported fruit in Tamimis does not reflect the actual cost
on an environmental basis.
KSA Energy Strategy
KSA Energy Strategy
Controlled Farming
KSA Energy Strategy
Personal Rapid Transport
KSA Energy Strategy
Summary
Although energy is inexpensive in the Kingdom the actual cost is
similar to other countries
Use of technology available today can and does save large amounts
of energy around the world
Future cities will have to move towards energy efficiency, water
recycling, new forms of public transportation and food production
Controlled farming will allow land to return to nature will help
combat global warming
Arthur C Clarke - we are moving to a currency based on the kWhr
KSA Energy Strategy
Thank you

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