Présentation Moulot..

Report
Africa’s Time for
ACTION
PIDA
Rolling-Out the PAP
African Development Bank Group
17th UPDEA Congress, Tunisia
AfDB
Dr. J. Moulot
AfDB, dept. ONRI
Interconnecting, integrating and
transforming a continent
Programme for Infrastructure
Development in Africa
Overview of Presentation
1
•PIDA Priority Action Plan
2
•Projects synopsis
3
•Implementation Issues
1
PAP-Energy Investment Cost: $40.3 bn
Inga Hydro Phase 1
6,000 ECCAS
Central African Interconnection
10,500 ECCAS
Great Millennium Renaissance Dam
8,000 COMESA/ IGAD
Batoka Dam
2,800 COMESA EAC
Ruzizi III Dam
450 COMESA EAC
Rusumo Falls Dam
360 COMESA EAC
Uganda-Kenya Petroleum Products Pipeline
150 COMESA EAC
North Africa Transmission
Nigeria -Algeria Pipeline
1,200 AMU
N/A
UMA ECOWAS
North South Power Transmission Corridor
6,000 COMESA EAC SADC IGAD
Nphamda -Nkuwa Dam
2,400 SADC
Lesotho HWP Phase II -hydropower component
800 SADC
Sambagalou Dam
300 ECOWAS
West African Power Transmission Corridor
Kaleta Dam II
Central
1,200 ECOWAS
Eastern
Northern
Northern, Western
Southern
Western
179 ECOWAS
2
PAP vs. Regions and Project Types
Cost in Million USD
Total:40.3 billion
TYPE PROJECTS
25,000
Western
4%
Central
41%
Million USD
Southern
23%
20,000
15,000
10,000
Eastern
29%
Northern
3%
5,000
0
Series1
Generation
Transmission
O&G Pipeline
21,289
18,900
150
3
PIDA Priority Action Plan 2020
Energy
15 items
USD 40 bn
The energy infrastructure
program focuses on
major hydroelectric
projects and
interconnects the power
pools to meet the
forecast increase in
demand. One regional
petroleum products
pipeline is also included.
4
Overview of Presentation
1
•PIDA Priority Action Plan
2
•Projects synopsis
3
•Implementation Issues
5
GREAT MILLENNIUM RENAISSANCE DAM
Cost (Million USD)
8,000
REC Involved
COMESA/IGAD
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
Ethiopia, Nile Basin Countries
Ethiopian Electric Company / Nile Basin, EAPP
Develop a 5,250 MW plant







increase capacity of EEPCO six-fold (750 MW at present)
Supply Ethiopian and export EAPP market
Capacity of EEPCO to O&M commercially and financially plant
Mobilization of financing: Some US$ 3 billion are still needed
Issuance of local bonds a challenge
Coordinate Generation with development of complementary
transmission and distribution
Consensus building with neighboring countries (Sudan, Egypt)
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
6
NORTH SOUTH POWER TRANSMISSION CORRIDOR
Cost (Million USD)

6,000
REC Involved

COMESA/EAC/SADC/IGAD
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations

Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania,
Zimbabwe, South Africa

SAPP
Objectives

Transport energy of Great Millennium Renaissance Dam

8,000 km line from Egypt through Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia ,
Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe to South Africa


Cooperation/Agreements among participating countries
No regional entity for Overall project development, operation and
Maintenance
Establishment of Cross Regional SPV
Inter-regional interconnection between EAPP and SAPP
Expected Results
Project Challenges


Malawi,
Mozambique,
Zambia,
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
7
NPHAMDA – NKUWA HP-DAM
Cost (Million USD)
2,400
REC Involved
SADC
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Mozambique, Zambezi basin
Mphanda Nkuwa Hydro-Electric Company, SAPP
Objectives
Export on the SAPP market
Expected Results
Hydroelectric power plant with a capacity of 1,500 MW


Project Challenges


Completion of financing plan
Project structure needs to minimize risk profile and attract
commercial financing
Negotiation of off-take agreements ( South-Africa: Local or Hard
currency?; Capacity of Energy off-take TOP contract?)
High Currency Risks and hydrology risks
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
8
LESOTHO HWP PHASE II - HYDROPOWER
COMPONENT
Cost (Million USD)
2,400
REC Involved
SADC
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Lesotho, South Africa, Orange-Senqu River Basin
Lesotho Highlands Water Commission, SAPP
IWRM to provide energy to Lesotho and water transfer to SA and
ensures the water security of South Africa’s Gauteng province
Lesotho Highlands Water Project Phase II consists of two separate
components – a) the construction of Polihali Dam and transfer to
tunnel to Katse dam, and b) the Kobong pump storage scheme hydroelectricity scheme.

Project Challenges


Proposed 1,200 MW pumped storage component new challenge
from Phase I
Financing for preparation of the pumped storage component
Risks mitigation for the pumped storage component.
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
9
INGA- HYDROPOWER PHASE 1
Cost (Million USD)
6,000
REC Involved
ECCAS
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
DRC, Congo River Countries
CAPP
Contribute to energy security and Increase energy trade between
DRC, Zambia and South Africa as well as DRC and Congo River
Countries
To Develop 4,200 MW capacity run of river hydropower station on the
Congo river with eight turbines
 Final structure for project development yet to be established
 Weak capacity of SNEL as developer
 Large financial package not sustainable by National interest alone
 Power Off-take yet to be agreed
 Political risk of DRC
 Minimizing contingent liability on GODRC’s balance sheet
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
10
CENTRAL AFRICAN INTERCONNECTION
Cost (Million USD)
10,500
REC Involved
ECCAS
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
South Africa, Angola, Gabon, Namibia, Ethiopia
CAPP
Develop the transmission lines associated to the Inga Site (Inga 3 and
Grand Inga)
3,800 km line from DRC to South Africa through Angola, Gabon,
Namibia and to the North to Eq. Guinea, Cameroon and Chad
• Coordinated development of generation and transmission
• Close Coordination between GoDRC and Regional Organization
 Establishment of single entity SPV for development /operation of
Line
 Regional approach to reduce transit risks
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
11
SAMBAGALOU HP DAM
Cost (Million USD)
300
REC Involved
ECOWAS
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
Senegal, OMVG countries (Senegal, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia)
EBID
To provide power to the OMVG Member States
128 MW of hydropower capacity, 930 km from the mouth of the
Gambia River to supply Senegal, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Gambia
 The project structure is still undecided.
(PPP, IFI, Public
Financing)
 Financial sustainability of Dam unproven
 The role of Kaleta Dam in project structure uncertain
 The political support at OMVG and WAPP level is strong;
 Country political commitment of the countries changing over time
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
12
WEST AFRICAN POWER TRANSMISSION CORRIDOR
Cost (Million USD)
1,200
REC Involved
ECOWAS
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Guinea,Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’ivoire,
Ghana
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
WAPP, OMVS
Ensure transmission between the countries and transport regional
energy to ECOWAS countries
2,000 km line along the coast connecting with the existing Ghana
Nigeria line with a capacity of 1,000 MW
 Coordination between WAPP, OMVS and the Governments
 The lack of a single point of responsibility
 creditworthiness of the power sector in Guinea Bissau, Guinea
and The Gambia not established
 Establishment of single entity SPV for development /operation of
Line
 Link sufficient generation capacities in Guinea and Cote d’Ivoire
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
13
NORTH AFRICA TRANSMISSION
Cost (Million USD)
1,200
REC Involved
UMA
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
COMELEC
Ensure transmission between the countries and transport regional
energy to UMA countries
2,700 km line from Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and
Libya



Clarify role of COMELEC and the Governments
Establish Trade frameworks and develop Agreements for the
exchanges
Regional versus National power market development advantages
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
14
BATOKA GORGE HP DAM
Cost (Million USD)
2800
REC Involved
COMESA/EAC
Beneficiary
countries
Zambia/Zimbabwe Zambezi basin
Technical
Organizations
EAPP/ Zambesi River Authority
Objectives
Expected Results
To increase generation capacity and reduce reliance on electricity
imports and improve generation mix
construction of a 181 meter gravity dam; installation of 800 MW (4 x
200 MW units) for both Zimbabwe and Zambia. Transmission lines

Project Challenges



Mandate of Zambesi River Authority (ZRA) to raise financing or
implement capital projects
Special Purpose Vehicle to raise financing and implement the
project yet to be created
Poor Creditworthiness of participating utilities, ZESA and ZESCO
Zimbabwe government classification with IFIs as defaulting
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
15
RUZZIZI III
Cost (Million USD)
450
REC Involved
COMESA/EAC
Beneficiary
countries
Rwanda/DRC
Technical
Organizations
CEPGL, EGL
Objectives
Share power between Rwanda, Burundi and DRC promoted by
CEPGL and develop local renewable energy as well as regulation of
water basin
Expected Results
Hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 145 MW


Project Challenges


Resources limitation of EGL for needs of the project
The studies were launched to review the interconnection of South
Kivu and North Kivu and their interface with the CEPGL
interconnected network.
Finalization of Establishment of a Basin Authority, necessary
Finalized selection of preferered investors for PPP
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
16
RUSUMO FALLS
Cost (Million USD)
360
REC Involved
COMESA/EAC
Beneficiary
countries
Technical
Organizations
Objectives
Expected Results
Project Challenges
Nile River Basin Countries
NELSAP
Provide inexpensive electricity and improve energy security in the
region
• dam and hydro-electric power station of about 61 MW on the
Kagera River at Rusumo Falls;
•
Power lines connecting the power plant to the electricity grids of
Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania.
• Power sharing agreement between Burundi, Rwanda and
Tanzania
• Environmental issues related to flooding (could affect wetlands
downstream, including in the Akagera National Park)
 Reservoir have a negligible effect on net evaporation
Issues: Updated Status of Project; Roles of Utility, RECs and Power Pool
17
Overview of Presentation
1
•PIDA Priority Action Plan
2
•Projects synopsis
3
•Implementation Issues
18
Roles of Utilities and Power Pools
Influencing, Making Commitments , Acting together…
Projects Fiches
Commitments and Needs
- Update
- Package
- Capacity needs
- Fill gaps (physical
and soft)
- Reforms needs
Funding + Actions
- Tariffs
- Project Preparation - Creditworthiness
- Maintenance and
Operation
A time for action
MERCI
OBRIGADO
THANK YOU
‫شكرا‬
20

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