Remarks of R.P. Singh CMD, SJVN Limited Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries All India Installed Capacity (As on 30th September, 2014) Sector Installed Capacity (MW) % Share 1,76,778 69.6 Hydro 40799 16.05 Nuclear 4,780 1.85 RES 31692 12.5 Total 254049 Thermal Source:- CEA Report Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries Estimated Demand & Generation Projection in India by 2050 Year Peak Demand Requirement (GW) Installed Capacity Requirement (GW) 2016-17 200 271 2021-22 283 372 2026-27 401 528 2031-32 542 712 2036-37 644 882 2046-47 844 1258 2050 896 1388 Source:- Dessert Power India 20250 Report Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries(- Contd-) Status of Hydro Power Development in India (As on 30th September,2014 ) Status Capacity (MW) Hydro Potential Available 148701 Under Operation 40799* Under Construction 13207 Potential yet to explore 96100 % of Potential harnessed ( Operation + construction) 34 % • Including Small/Mini Hydro Plants Source:- CEA Report Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries(- Contd-) % Share of sectors in All India Hydro Power Installed Capacity (As on 30.09.2014) Sector Installed Capacity (MW) % Share Central 10623 26.03 State 27482 67.36 Private 2694 6.61 Total 40799 Source:- CEA Report Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries(- Contd-) Status of Hydro Power Development in India - Opportunities Status Capacity (MW) > 25 MW Arunachal Uttarak Himachal Pradesh hand Pradesh Sikkim Karnataka Maharashtr Kerala a Hydro Potential 50064 17998 18540 4248 6459 3314 3378 Under Operation 405 3426 8439 669 3585 2487 1881 Under Construction 2854 1640 3085 2622 0 0 100 Yet to explore 46805 12932 7016 957 2874 827 1396 % of potential explored 6.5 28 62 55 55 75 59 Source:- CEA Report Power Scenario in India & Neighboring Countries(- Contd-) Hydro Power Opportunities in Neighboring Countries:- Status Capacity (MW) Bhutan Nepal Hydro Potential 30000(Technically feasible 23760 ) 80000 Under Operation 1488 718 Under Construction 10064 4323 Yet to Explore 12208 74959 % of Potential explored 48 6 Challenges for Hydro Power Sector Land Acquision Environmental Issues Market Challenges:- Bidding process for hydro projects, difficulty in financing due to long gestation period Technical Challenges: Natural Disasters of flood and landslides along with unexpected cavities, underground water springs (hot/cold) and a relatively fragile rock as Himalayas are young fold mountains. Lack of Infrastructure:- Lack of communication facilities, Sub stations & Power Evacuation Network. Clearance of DPR and approval of Investment decision Long gestation period Challenges for Hydro Power Sector-ContdMajor slippage reasons for Hydro Projects Delay in Preparation of DPR & MOU Signing Delay in MOEF Clearances Delay in Investment decision/Funds tie up constraints Delay in Award of Works Geological Surprises Natural Calamity R &R Issues Court cases Measures to Optimize the Hydro Power Generation Optimization in Operation of Hydro Power Plants Hydro Plants need to operate at Overload Capacity available within design limit during high flow season and/or during peak hrs. Use of advance technologies e.g. Robotic based HVOF Coatings on underwater parts , Periodic Reservoir Flushing and specific arrangements at Dam to counter high silt in the river. Use of latest Control schemes/up gradation of control system of old plants to achieve fast response characteristics e.g. FGMO/RGMO Mode of operation, SPS Schemes for improving grid security etc. Result: Extra MU Extra MW Less Maintenance time Reduced cost of Maintenance Increased Plant Availability Measures to Optimize the Hydro Power Generation-Contd- Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Power Station (1500 MW) Gross Energy Generation (MU) PAF ( NAPAF 90%) Highest in the country 8000 108% 110.00% 7610 7500 104.26% 105.15% 105.75% 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 100.00% 7192 90.00% 7000 6778 80.00% 6500 70.00% 6000 5841 5500 60.00% 2014-15(up to 11th Nov) 5000 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15(up to 11th Nov) • The design energy generation capacity is 6,612 MU in a 90% dependable year Measures to Optimize the Hydro Power Development Regulatory Framework for Hydro Power Sector:• Revival of Mega Power Policy to allow the benefit of Excise Duty/Custom Duty on Equipments as well as Construction material (Steel, Cement etc) for the Hydro plants of Unit size more than 50-100 MW • Possibility of Single Window clearance for all approvals required to set up a Hydro Power Plant. • A Central Agency/ Govt. of India may be given the responsibility for preparation of DPR and obtaining all other statuary clearances before the allotment of project to developer for execution. • Statuary clearance from the Environment, Forest and Wildlife point of view may be accorded on a speedy basis. • Speedy approval of investment decision after the project has been allotted to the developer. Improving Infrastructure of the Region Prior to Execution of Project: Roads, Rail Connectivity, Upgrading of the existing sub-stations, Basic Infrastructure for PAPs Measures to Optimize the Hydro Power Development (Contd.) Planning for Integrated River basin development approach:Project allocation procedure in line with integrated river basin development , Cascade /Tandem Projects should be allotted to same developer. Development of Benefit sharing mechanism with PAPs for benefit of all stakeholders:Provisions for the PAPs to establish an ownership in the project by offering suitable equity participation at par as on the date of COD. Power evacuation Infrastructure:Dedicated Transmission network may be created for Evacuation of Power from the North East Region. Building Pooling substations in locations having concentration of hydro resources to reduce project cost. Introduction of Hydro Power Purchase obligation in line with renewable sector. Differential Tariff Structure consisting of Peak & Off-Peak Tariff Introduction of incentive scheme for Operational Hydro Power Plants -- Black start up capability -- reactive power regulation -- measures to ensure grid security like SPS & FGMO/RGMO mode .