World History Unit 3 Test Review

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World History Unit 3 Test Review
Part II
• Which group made up the largest part of the
population in feudal society?
• a.
• vassals
• c.
• knights
• b.
• peasants
• d.
• lords
• b.
• peasants
• Which of the following groups dominated the
economic and political life of towns during the High
Middle Ages?
• a.
• nobles
• c.
• knights
• b.
• merchant guilds
• d.
• the clergy
• b.
• merchant guilds
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Why was the Magna Carta important?
a.
It approved money for wars in France.
b.
It asserted that the monarch must obey the law.
c.
It allowed the monarch to abolish Parliament.
d.
It limited the power of the pope.
• b.
• It asserted that the monarch must obey the
law.
• Which of the following was a result of the plague
in Europe?
• a.
• economic decline
• c.
• the rebirth of Christianity
• b.
• political reform
• d.
• the Hundred Years’ War
• a.
• economic decline
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Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?
a.
permanent conquest of the Holy Land by Christians
b.
religious tolerance in Western Europe
c.
increased trade in Western Europe
d.
the reunification of the Roman and Byzantine churches
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A key feature of Gothic architecture is
a.
towers.
c.
flying buttresses.
b.
tiny windows.
d.
low, heavy roofs.
• c.
• flying buttresses.
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Why is Joan of Arc remembered?
a.
She led a peasant uprising that ended feudalism.
b.
She led the French to victories against the English
in the Hundred Years’ War.
c.
She led English troops in the Hundred Years’ War.
d.
She drove the English from Calais.
• b.
• She led the French to victories against the
English in the Hundred Years’ War.
What is this?
• Describe Mongol rule in China during the Yuan
Dyansty.
• Kuibilai Khan brought peace and order to
China after disunity following Song Dynasty.
• increased contact between China and the
western world. increased trade
• Despite their reputation for brutality in
conquest tolerant and effective
• conditions for women improved (stopped
footbinding)
• Describe some of the advances and setbacks
to trade during the Ming Dynasty.
• Ming rulers promoted trade with Southeast Asia
and India through the voyages of Zheng He.
• Chinese junks were much larger than Euro ships,
and had cannons loaded with gunpowder.
• Despite having valuable trade commodities such
as silk, tea, spices, and porcelain, the Chinese
limited foreign trade after the voyages for Zheng
He.
• Despite the technological advances (junks,
gunpowder), China’s isolationism inhibited
exploration and trade.
• Define feudalism. Explain the similarities and
differences between Japanese and European
feudalism.
• A political, economic, and social system
based on loyalty, the holding of land, and
military service.
• Compare Code of Bushido (Japan) to Code of
Chivalry (Europe).
• Compare feudal hierarchy: (Japan)
Shogun>Daimyo>Samurai>Peasant. (Europe)
King>Lord>Knight>Peasant.
• Explain the significance of the Magna Carta.
• Magna Carta-Guaranteed rights to English
nobility in limiting the power of King John.
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• Nobility wins the right to form a Parliament Will become a representative law-making
body that governs in conjunction with the
monarch
• What does the word “Renaissance” mean?
Explain. Where did it start and why?
• Rebirth. Revival of Greco-Roman art, culture,
and learning after Medieval “Dark Ages.”
Begins in Italy, b/c they were center of trade
(Venice), and recovered from plague more
quickly. Also had access to ruins of Roman
cilization.
• Who invented to printing press in Euopre.
Why was the printing press so significant?
• Johannes Gutenberg.
• • The Gutenberg printing press made mass
production of books possible.
• • More books= more readers= more
learning. Revolutionized learning &
dissemination of ideas.
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• What was Martin Luther protesting when he
started the Protestant Reformation? Describe
two key points in his 95 Theses.
• Corruption in the Catholic Church, such as the
selling of indulgences.
•
• Bible is ultimate religious authority, not the
Pope. Salvation can be achieved through faith
alone.
• What was purpose of the Crusades, and what
was the outcome?
• Purpose: Christians sought to defend the Holy
Land (Jerusalem) against the Muslims. Both
religions wanted to spread and protect their
lands.
• Jerusalem fell back to the Muslims. Muslims
driven out of Spain. Europe remaiend
Christian. People exposed to new ideas tradeinsiration for the Renaissance.
• Why is the Medieval period in Europe often
described at the “Dark Ages?”
• Bubonic plague- 1/3 of Europe dies.
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• No major scientific advances- maintain geocentric
theory of Greco-Roman times.
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• Education mainly limited to monastic
commmunity.
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• Gothic Cathedrals are artistic breakthrough, but
relatively few artistic advances apart from this.
• Explain the role of the Catholic Church in
Medieval in Renaissance Europe.
• Medieval: Monks/nuns translated and copied
Bibles, Greeek/Latin books. Preserved history
and knowledge. Cared for sick and the poor.
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• Renaissance: Important patron of Renaissance
art. Popes commissioned artists like
Michelangelo to produce Christian art.

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