GCSE PE & Btec Sport - the Redhill Academy

Report
Task 3
Know about arousal and anxiety, and
the effects it has on sports performance
Scenario
As a sports psychologist you use your studies to
develop some materials which could be used to
help improve your teams performance.
The materials you produce will look at types of
anxiety and how arousal and anxiety affect sports
performance.
2
Your task is to create a presentation to deliver to your team
P6 - Describe, using relevant examples, different types of anxiety
P7 - Describe, using four theories, the effect arousal and anxiety have on sports
performance and their control
M4 - Assess, using four theories, the effect arousal and anxiety have on sports performance
and their control
D3 - Evaluate imagery and relaxation techniques as methods of controlling arousal and
anxiety, and in improving sports performance.
Anxiety, types of anxiety
How arousal and anxiety affect sports performance
How anxiety and arousal can be controlled
3
3
Today
• Know the 2 different arousal theories
• Understand how arousal can effect
performance
• Suggest ways of how to control arousal
4
Arousal
What is it?
5
Arousal
“a physiological state of alertness and
anticipation that prepares the body for
action” (Adams et.al 2010)
7
• New Zealand Rugby Team
In pairs answer the following questions;
• Why do they do this?
• How does it effect their opponents
• What effect does it have on their performance
8
Arousal
Inverted U theory
Drive theory (Hull, 1948).
• Greg Rutherford
• Zidane
Complete the following parts of your presentation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
What is arousal
The 2 arousal theories
How it effects performance
How it can be controlled
What is anxiety
State – Constantly changing situation / Somatic – the body reaction
/ Cognitive – Nervous about situation
7. How does anxiety effect performance
8. How can it be controlled
11
Arousal
How does it effect performance?
Task!
12
Target throw
• What happened to arousal levels when
there was more spectators?
• What happened to your performance
13
Anxiety
“An emotional state, similar to fear,
associated with arousal and accompanied
by feelings of nervousness and
apprehension”
This could be seen as the negative aspect
of arousal.
Anxiety
• State – Constantly changing situation
• Somatic – the body reaction
• Cognitive – Nervous about situation
15
What might these players be feeling before going out on to the pitch?
Will it have a positive or negative effect on their performance?
16
Arousal definition
Inverted U / Drive theory
How might it benefit performance
How can it be controlled
Anxiety definition
State / Somatic / Cognitive
How might it benefit performance
How can it be controlled
17

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