Yard Games in PE: Fun Physical Activity for Everyone

Report
Yard Games in PE: Fun Physical
Activity for Everyone
John G. Helion, Ed.D.
Stan Cramer, Ph.D.
Matthew Cummiskey, Ph.D.
West Chester University of PA
2014AAHPERD National Conference, St.
Louis, MO
Rationale
• The purpose of a quality PE
program is to guide
youngsters in the process of
becoming physically active for
a lifetime – Graham 2007
• Physical educators endeavor to
teach students a variety of
activities that can be enjoyed
for a lifetime – Leiberman
2012
• Yard games fulfill this goal
Why Yard Games?
• The ratio of health and
fitness benefits is highest
for light to moderate PA
(most benefits for just getting off the couch)
▫ Garber and colleagues (2011): “reducing total time spent in sedentary pursuits and
interspersing short bouts of physical activity and standing between periods of sedentary
activity should be a goal for all adults, irrespective of their exercise habits. Exercise
performed in this manner improves physical and mental health and/or fitness”
▫ What matters most in improving fitness is the total energy expended in metabolic
equivalents (METs) (Pollard & Rice, 2007). Therefore, duration and frequency can be
used to offset the lower intensity of yard games.
▫ Dunstan and colleagues (2012) found that simply walking for two minutes following 20
minutes of sitting significantly reduce glucose levels in the blood. Overall the
researchers found that any interruption of sedentary periods was enough to improve
several indicators of health.
Why Yard Games?
• Ideally suited for obese, persons with
disabilities and the elderly
• Easy to organize (right out back door,
requires few others)
• Startup costs are low (some
equipment can be made at home)
• Rules are relatively simple and easy to
implement
Why Yard Games
•
•
•
•
Proximity
Cognitively Engaging
Different Activity Levels
Welcomes Different Ability
Levels (Not Just Biggest,
Fastest or Strongest)
• Multi- Generational
• Highly Social
Some May Not Agree
• Not Moderate to Vigorous
Activity
• We teach the whole child –
Fortune 500 skills
• They marginalize us
• I see all kinds of people
playing these games at a
variety of venues
• Associated with alcoholic
consumption
• Opens the conversation
regarding responsible behavior
Ladder Golf
Kubb
KanJam
Washers
Bocce
Sample Assessment Rubric
Criteria
Adherence to
rules
Keeping score
Etiquette
Engagement
Needs
Excellent (4)
OK (3)
Improvement
(2)
Students follow One or two
Several minor
all rules without minor errors that errors or one
exception
do not signifimajor error,
cantly impact the disrupts play,
course of play or need
the outcome
intervention on
part of teacher
Able to keep
Some confusion Inconsistently
score accurately, as to the score or keeps score and
no errors
how points are
/or consistently
earned
makes mistakes
Brings positive
Maintains selfNot a distraction
energy, cares
control, minor
but not helping
about group
lapse in sportsone’s team
success, respects personship
other
participants
Focused, on task Works
Shows some
whole class,
independently,
effort, does not
seeks to improve can keep activity extend self fully,
performance,
going
somewhat distries hard
attached
Below Basic
(1)
Fails to follow
several major
rules, cannot
describe proper
rule(s) when
asked
Does not know
the score, has not
been attempting
to keep score
Lacks selfcontrol, verbally
or nonverbally
inappropriate
“Just there”, does
bare minimum
Thank you for attending!
• Dr. Helion
• [email protected]
• Enjoy the remainder of the
convention
• Dr. Cramer
• [email protected]
• Additional materials available
on http://thenewPE.com
• Dr. Cummiskey
• [email protected]

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