Exorcising Ghost

Report
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Changing the Way Systems are Deployed
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* Ghost since 1999
* Almost 4500 licenses
* Prior to 2007 license count increase of 5% or greater a year
* Last three years license count increase less then .05% a year
* Across campus over 40 images
* Half within Distributed Support Services (DSS)
* Most were essentially identical
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* Request from management to consolidate images
* “Can a single base image be created for everyone’s use?”
* Too many people doing the same thing
* Do more with less
* Microsoft released Vista and its associated deployment
tool Imagex
* Microsoft changed the OS architecture
* Hardware architectures changed
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* NO licensing cost
* Smaller image sizes
* Mostly non-destructive
* File & folder based
* Single instance file storage
* Disk accessible after imaging
* Multicasting needs WDS
* Extra Partitioning Step
* Extra Formatting Step
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* Mount image as a folder for
6
Gigabytes
* Vista/7 offline image servicing
GHOST
8
without reboot
editing
WIM
10
4
2
0
XP
Vista
Combined
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XP SP3 & Vista SP1 & SP2
9.0
Vista SP1 & SP2
11.7
6.2
XP SP3 & Vista SP1
8.4
Vista SP2
10.5
6.0
Vista SP1
5.6
XP SP3
Multiple Files
Single File
4.8
0
*Using Fast Compression
16.5
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16 18 20
Megabytes
* Acquired Universal Imaging Utility (UIU)
* Solves issues with XP on multiple system models
* HAL changes
* Mass storage controller changes
* Provides a collection of drivers
* Determined base software install
* Created base image for XP, Vista, Windows 7
* Created a deployment tool
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* OS
* Service Packs & Updates
* All Drivers for supported hardware
* Lots of Software
* Software Updates
* OS
* Service Packs & Updates
* Drivers (Varies by OS, XP = UIU,
Windows 7 manually collected)
* Office 2007 SP2
* Security products
* Firefox CE
* Internet Plugins
* Acrobat Reader
* Cisco VPN
* Cisco Clean Access
* Citrix Client
* Install WAIK (Windows Automated Installation
Kit) on Technician machine
* From “Windows PE Tools Command Prompt”
* Run: copype.cmd x86 c:\winpe_x86
* Mount boot image
* Copy servicing tools
* Make additional desired changes
* Unmount image and commit changes
* Create CD ISO or copy files to USB flash drive
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Nothing to be afraid of they don’t bite
any more than Ghost images do.
* Create reference system
* Sysprep
* Shutdown
* Boot from Windows PE Media
* Capture partition(s) to image using ImageX
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* Boot from Windows PE Media
* Partition and format drive
* Apply image(s) to partitions using ImageX
* Update Boot Configuration Data if needed
* Reboot
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10
* Created boot media using Vista’s
Windows
Windows
7 PE PE
* Creating WIM Images for System Deployment
Using Windows Vista
7 PE 3.0
PE 2
* Initializes the network
* Authenticates user to network share
* If no network or authentication assume image
on local media
* Launch Deployment tool
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*
* Boot from Ghost boot media
* Image machine
* Reboot
* Windows Mini-Setup Runs
* Begin PostGhost Process
* Rename system
* Reboot
* Join Domain
* Reboot
* Install MS Updates
* Install Software
* Further Customizations
* Finish deployment
* Shutdown
* Deliver
* Boot from Deployment tool boot media
* Select imaging options
* Partition drive
* Apply Image
* Modify Answer file (automatic)
* Reboot
* Windows Mini-Setup runs
* GUIRunOnceEX (FirstRun)
* Script Install MS Updates
* Reboot
* Software Installation
* Finish deployment
* Shutdown
* Deliver
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* Multicasting
* Some support areas replace large quantities of
machines all at once and pre-stage all at once
* Windows PE has limited application and
browser functionality
* Cisco NAC
* Unable to authenticate a bare metal system to
Cisco Clean Access via Windows PE
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* WIM & Ghost
* Additional Ghost licenses purchased last year is less than 10%
what were purchased before switching
* Number of images reduced by more than half
* Many remaining images start with the DSS Base Image and build
on from there
* One image for each OS, including Virtual Machines
* VMWare, Virtual PC, Fusion, VMWare View (VDI), Parallels*,
Boot Camp**
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* Ghost license count renewal to begin to drop
* Ghost used only in areas requiring multicast
functionality until WDS is in place
* WDS brought online July 2010
* Number of images reduced to less than 10
* Not including lab images could be as low as 4
* Non direct OIT supported departments starting
to use
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* Vista is gone
* No department expressed interest in deploying
Vista going forward
* Windows Deployment Services
* Attached to SCCM (Configuration Manager)
* Multicast capabilities
* Wake On Lan
* Networking and IT Sec may prevent this
* Intel Active Management Technology
* Task Sequences to further modify base image
* Potentially no more “image” required
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http://www.resnetsymposium.org/rspm/evaluation
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