Shurley Grammar Unit 5

Report
Shurley Grammar
Unit 5
6th Grade
Lesson 127
Predicate Adjective Jingle
1. A predicate adjective is an adjective in the
predicate.
2. A predicate adjective modifies only the
subject word.
3. A predicate adjective is located after a linking
verb.
4. To find the predicate adjective ask WHAT
KIND of subject.
Predicate Adjective Jingle
Listen my comrades and you shall hear
About predicate adjectives from far and near.
No one knows the time or year
When the predicate adjectives will appear.
Listen now to all the facts,
So you will know when the Pred’s are back!
Dum De Dum Dum!
The predicate adjective is a special adjective in the predicate
That modifies only the subject word.
To find a predicate adjective, ask what kind of subject
After a linking verb.
Lesson 127
• Earlier you learned that nouns have different
jobs, or function, in a sentence.
• You have studied five of these.
• What are the five functions of nouns in a
sentence that you have learned?
• subject noun, object of the preposition, direct
object, indirect object, and predicate noun.
Lesson 127
• Today you will study a new sentence pattern that
adds an adjective, not a noun, to the core parts.
• Pattern 5 for Shurley Grammar is subject noun /
linking verb / predicate adjective.
• Like Pattern 4, Pattern 5 has a linking verb.
• The adjective that follows the linking verb, the
predicate adjective, describes (modifies) the
subject noun.
• The predicate adjective tells what kind of subject.
Lesson 127
• What is Pattern 5 for Shurley Grammar?
• subject noun / linking verb / predicate
adjective
• To find a predicate adjective, what do you ask?
• What kind of subject?
• What does the predicate adjective modify?
• subject noun
Lesson 127
• The predicate adjective tells what kind of
subject.
• It is called a predicate adjective because it is
located in the predicate but modifies only the
subject and not another noun in the
predicate.
• To find the predicate adjective, ask what kind
of subject after the linking verb.
• A predicate adjective is labeled PA.
Lesson 127
• A predicate adjective is an adjective after the verb
that describes or tells what kind of subject.
• A predicate adjective is labeled PA.
• To find the predicate adjective, as WHAT KIND after
the verb.
• A predicate adjective is often called a predicate
nominative.
• A predicate adjective is always after a linking verb.
• A linking verb links or connects the subject to a
predicate adjective.
Lesson 127
• A predicate adjective always follows what kind
of verb?
• linking verb
• How do we label a predicate adjective?
• PA
• What is Pattern 5 of the Shurley Method?
• subject noun / linking verb / predicate
adjective
Lesson 127
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Her new dress is magnificent.
What is magnificent? dress – SN
What is being said about dress? dress is – V
Dress is what? magnificent – verify the adjective
What kind of dress? magnificent – PA
Is – LV
What kind of dress? new – Adj
Whose dress? her – PPA
SN LV PA P5 Check
Lesson 127
10. Linking verb – check again.
11. Period, statement, declarative sentence.
12. Go back to the verb – divide the complete
subject from the complete predicate.
13. Is there an adverb exception? No.
14. Is this sentence in a natural or inverted
order? Natural – no change.
Lesson 127
The waves were large.
Lesson 127
During the storm the waves were
large and frightening.
Lesson 127
Our music director was
very creative
during the musical performance.
Lesson 127
The steps to our house are
too steep and narrow
for my grandmother.
Lesson 127
The beans from the garden are
extremely fresh and tender.
Lesson 128
• Adjectives have three forms, or degrees, which
we use in making comparisons.
• These forms, called degrees of comparisons, are
(1) the simple form (sometimes called positive
form), (2) the comparative form, and (3) the
superlative form.
• The comparative and superlative forms of
adjectives not only describe individual items,
but they also give you the ability to compare
one item with others.
Lesson 128
• What are the three forms of adjectives?
• simple, comparative, and superlative
• Which of these two forms allow you to
compare one item with others?
• comparative and superlative
Lesson 128
• Jesse is tall.
• Tall is an adjective that describes Jesse.
• There is no one to compare Jesse to, so tall is a
simple form adjective.
• Jesse is taller than Mark.
• Now that we have two people, we can compare
them to one another.
• Taller is a comparative form adjective.
• Jessica is the tallest of all three students.
• Now that we have three or more people, we can use
a superlative. Tallest is a superlative form adjective.
Lesson 128
• What form of adjective is used when no
comparison is made?
• simple form adjective
• What form of adjective compares two people,
places, things, or ideas?
• comparative form adjective
• What form of adjective compares three or
more nouns?
• superlative form adjectives
Lesson 128
• The Simple Form is used when no comparison is made.
There are no rules for simple form.
• Examples: tall, nervous
• The Comparative Form is used to compare TWO people,
places, things, or ideas.
• Rule: Use –er with most 1 or 2 syllable words.
• Examples: taller, bigger
• Rule: Use more with words ending in –ful or whenever
the –er sounds awkward.
• Examples: more beautiful, more nervous
• Rule: Use more with all 3 or more syllable words.
• Examples: more enchanting, more sophisticated
Lesson 128
• The Superlative Form is used to compare THREE
or more people, places, things, or ideas.
• Rule: Use –est with most 1 or 2 syllable words.
• Examples: tallest, craziest
• Rule: Use most with words ending in –ful or
whenever the –est ending sounds awkward.
• Examples: most beautiful, most awkward
• Rule: Use most for all 3 or more syllable words.
• Examples: most delicate, most challenging
Lesson 128
• Irregular Adjectives have no rules and must be
memorized.
Simple
good
bad
little
much, many
Comparative
better
worse
less
more
Superlative
best
worst
least
most
Lesson 128
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
What is the comparative form of happy?
happier
What is the superlative form of beautiful?
most beautiful
What is the comparative form of good?
better
What is the superlative form of bad?
worst
Jingle Review
Predicate Noun Jingle
1. A predicate noun is a noun or pronoun.
2. A predicate noun means the same thing as
the subject word.
3. A predicate noun is located after a linking
verb.
4. To find the predicate noun as WHAT or WHO
after the verb.
Lesson 129
Those mushrooms in the forest are
very poisonous.
Lesson 129
The dishes in the sink are
dirty and broken.
Lesson 129
My brother is very tall for his age.
Lesson 129
The leaves on the trees are
green in the spring.
Lesson 129
My mother was nervous
about her interview today.
Lesson 130
Toni couldn’t believe she had a flat tire in the
middle of nowhere. She kicked the flat tire in front
of her. She looked at the scorching sun, and she
looked up and down the empty highway. Then she
wondered if she had a spare tire. She knew with her
luck that she probably didn’t, and she kicked the flat
for a third time.
Then a jolly little voice behind her asked her if
she was a little testy today. As Toni turned, she
caught a quick glimpse of a little elf. Toni blinked her
eyes quickly and said that she didn’t believe in elves,
ghosts, or little people, but if someone could help
her change her tire, she would let him.
Lesson 130
Compare the same story written differently.
“I can’t believe I have a flat tire in the middle of
nowhere,” Toni muttered as she kicked the flat tire in front
of her. She looked at the scorching sun, and she looked up
and down the empty highway. “Well, I wonder if I have a
spare tire. With my luck, I probably don’t,” Toni muttered
again as she kicked the flat for a third time.
“My, my, aren’t we a little testy today?” said a jolly
little voice behind her.
As Toni turned, she caught a quick glimpse of a little
elf. Blinking her eyes quickly, Toni said very loudly, “I don’t
believe in elves, ghosts, or little people, but if you can help
me change this tire, I’ll let you.”
Lesson 130
• Using quotations or dialogue helps the reader
feel like he/she is right in the middle of the
action.
• Quotations (dialogue) are words spoken by
someone.
• Quotation marks are used to set off the exact
words that are spoken.
Lesson 130
• Begin quotations with a capital letter.
• End a quotation with a terminating punctuation
mark—a period, exclamation mark, or question
mark.
• Example: “We are going camping this weekend!”
• Pause a quotation by using a comma.
• Example: “Listen,” mama said, “to the falling rain.”
• Assign a speaker after a quotation by using a
comma, question mark, or exclamation mark inside
the quotation marks.
• Example: “Can we stay inside for recess?” the class
begged.
Lesson 130
• Quotations always begin with what?
• a capital letter
• Quotations/dialogue are offset from the rest
of the text by what marks?
• quotation marks
Lesson 130
•
•
•
•
The pattern for a beginning quote is:
“C -quote- (,!?)” explanatory words/speaker (.)
Follow the steps to fix this sentence.
the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj
moss my dad said
• Identify the explanatory words/speaker. Put a
period after those words.
• the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj
moss my dad said.
Lesson 130
• the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj
moss my dad said.
• Enclose the quote with a comma, exclamation
mark, or a question mark in quotation marks.
• “the boys and i are going hunting on friday with
bj moss,” my dad said.
• Start the quotation with a capital letter and fix
other capitalization errors.
• “The boys and I are going hunting on Friday with
BJ Moss,” my dad said.
Lesson 130
• Using the pattern for a beginning quote, fix
these sentences.
• “C -quote- (,!?)” explanatory words/speaker (.)
• joe, i want you to do the dishes tonight mom
said
• we were outside playing the children
explained
Lesson 130
• The pattern for an end quote is:
• C –explanatory words/speaker (,) “C –quote(.!?)”
• Follow the steps to fix this sentence.
• my dad said the boys and i are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
• Identify the explanatory words/speaker.
Capitalize the first word and follow with a
comma.
• My dad said, the boys and i are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
Lesson 130
• My dad said, the boys and i are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
• Put quotation marks around what is being said.
• My dad said, “the boys and i are going hunting on
friday with bj moss”
• Capitalize the beginning of the quotation and all
other proper nouns within the quotation.
• My dad said, “The boys and I are going hunting on
Friday with BJ Moss”
• End the sentence with terminating punctuation.
• My dad said, “The boys and I are going hunting on
Friday with BJ Moss.”
Lesson 130
• Using the pattern for end quotations, fix these
sentences.
• C –explanatory words/speaker (,) “C –quote(.!?)”
• mom said i want you to do the dishes tonight
• henry screamed stop poking me with your
pencil
Lesson 130
• The pattern for split quotations is:
• “C –quote- (,)” lc –explanatory words(,) “lc –
quote- (.!?)”
• Follow the steps to fix this sentence.
• the boys and i my dad said are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
• Identify the explanatory words/speaker. Follow
them with a comma.
• the boys and i my dad said, are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
Lesson 130
• the boys and i my dad said, are going hunting on
friday with bj moss
• Put quotation marks around what is being said.
• “the boys and i” my dad said, “are going hunting
on friday with bj moss”
• Punctuate the quotation. Add a comma where
after the interrupted piece of the quotation and
end with terminating punctuation.
• “the boys and i,” my dad said, “are going hunting
on friday with bj moss.”
Lesson 130
• “the boys and i,” my dad said, “are going
hunting on friday with bj moss.”
• Capitalize the first word of the quotation and
all proper nouns.
• “The boys and I,” my dad said, “are going
hunting on Friday with BJ Moss.”
Lesson 130
• Use the pattern for split quotations to fix
these sentences.
• “C –quote- (,)” lc –explanatory words(,) “lc –
quote- (.!?)”
• joe mom said your father and i want you to do
the dishes tonight
• we have to walk across town jan said to get to
the park
Lesson 131
The hides of some animals are
very valuable.
Lesson 131
They appeared happy about the
big trip.
Lesson 131
The lights on the stage were
extremely bright.
Lesson 131
After the ceremony Sandra will be
too tired for a shopping trip.
Lesson 131
The actor’s performance
in the musical was
absolutely tremendous.
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Lesson 135
The adhesive tape was too sticky
for the children.
Lesson 135
The July morning was
clear and hot.
Lesson 135
The road to our house is
hilly and rough.
Lesson 135
The wind from the north was
very strong during the storm.
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Lesson 137
Kelly’s novel was exceptionally
good for a beginning writer.
Lesson 137
The castle on the top of the hill
is enormous.
Lesson 137
At night the old house was
dark and scary.
Lesson 137
The lawyer from the prestigious
firm was very dependable.
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Lesson 139
My new boss was very tactful
about the new rules and
regulations.
Lesson 139
Our chairs in the den are
torn and ragged.
Lesson 139
We were warm and cozy in front
of the blazing fireplace.
Lesson 139
During August the weather is
hot and miserable.
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Lesson 140
Fire and disease are the worst
enemies of the forest.
Lesson 140
The President is elected by the
people and serves for four years.
Lesson 140
The encyclopedia gave us
the answer to our question.
Lesson 140
The chestnut-brown moccasin is
poisonous.
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Jingle Review
Lesson 143
Jan selected furniture for the
bedroom and ordered drapes
for the windows.
Lesson 143
The animals in the everglades are
deer, bears, cougars, and
alligators.
Lesson 143
The baby ducks in our ponds are
yellow and soft.
Lesson 143
An unusual story about a raccoon
was charmingly told.
Jingle Review
Lesson 145
Deciduous trees lose their leaves
in the fall of the year.
Lesson 145
The bank teller showed us
the hidden camera during our
investigation.
Lesson 145
This log house is too expensive
for the average buyer.
Lesson 145
The weary travelers
impatiently awaited the end
of the heavy snowfall.

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