Titre du Power Point - General Aviation Manufacturers Association

Report
EXECUTIVE INTERIOR RULEMAKING GROUP
Future Certification Requirements
for Executive Interiors
Presentation of Stakeholder-led Rulemaking Works
Draft NPA from RMT.0264 (MDM.066)
Rulemaking Initiative
The issue with “Executive Interiors”…
 CS-25 / FAR 25 are not adequate for Business Jets / Corporate Jets / VIP interiors
Rules written for traditional cabin arrangements…
… are not adapted to design non-traditional interiors
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JMB
Rulemaking Initiative
The issue with “Executive Interiors”…
 CS-25 / FAR 25 are not adequate for Business Jets / Corporate Jets / VIP interiors
 The certification of “Executive” or “VIP” interiors requires compliance
demonstration against the applicable airworthiness code:
 In EASA: JAR / CS-25
 In FAA:
FAR 25
 This code being partially inadequate, applicants to TC or STC shall comply with
additional technical requirements (Special Conditions), or show that the proposed
interiors provide an equivalent level of safety for the passengers.
 These discussions are recorded during the certification process in documents that
are generally only exchanged between the applicants and the Authorities:
 In EASA: Certification Review Items (CRI)
 In FAA:
Issue Papers (IP)
 Typical Cabin Safety subjects:
 Interior doors
 Isolated compartments
 Emergency exit access
 Emergency exit deactivation…
 A large administrative effort for both Applicants
and Authorities is necessary for each cabin
interior to document all the recurrent
certification issues with CS-25 / FAR 25
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Rulemaking Initiative
The issue with “Executive Interiors”…
 FAA / EASA Approach
 FAA approach
 Strong request by US Industries for common / adapted airworthiness code
 FAA has issued in 2009
SFAR 109 “Special Requirements for Private Use Transport Category Airplanes”
 …but few applications were made against this SFAR because :
o Limited to Private Use only A/C
o Limited to 60 PAX max
 EASA approach
 Strong request by EU Industries for common / adapted airworthiness code
 Lack of EASA resources to include such work in Rulemaking Program
 … but
EASA has accepted to let EU Industries bear the rulemaking effort on an
“exceptional” and “experimental” basis
 Launch of Stakeholder-led Rulemaking Group
on “Executive Interiors”
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Rulemaking Initiative
Preparation of the Future Requirements
 Terms of Reference (ToR)
 Objective set by EASA:
 The overall objectives are the reduction of recurrent CRIs and the mitigation of the diverging
interpretation of safety requirements on interior designs for aeroplanes with executive interiors. This
is to reduce administrative costs and to ensure a common understanding of measures with an
acceptable level of safety similar to current CS-25 requirements when applied to commercial airliners
and to avoid time-consuming activities on repetitive certification issues.
 More specifically, the NPA shall establish Executive Interior design specifications that will amend
and/or complement CS-25 by introducing new provisions and associated AMC/GM for executive
interiors, taking into account the compensating factors offered by such interiors and their
utilisation.
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Rulemaking Initiative
Preparation of the Future Requirements
 Stakeholder-led Rulemaking group
9 Industry Members
6 Authority Members
 In addition, + ~60 “second row” members amongst ~15 companies have requested
to access the works of the “first row Working Group”


Airbus, Boeing Business Jets, Bombardier, Dassault Aviation, Embraer, Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation
B/E Aerospace, Cessna Aircraft Company, Continental DataGraphics, Duncan Aviation, Hawker Beechcraft
Corporation, International Communications Group (ICG), Piaggio Aero lndustries S.pA, PATS Aircsaft Systems,
Rockwell Catins, Inc., RUAG
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Rulemaking Initiative
Preparation of the Future Requirements
 Rulemaking Process
Start
Sept 2011
Draft from
Working Group
March 2014
EASA
Estimation
Q4 2014
3 months
6 months
EASA
Estimation
Q2 2015
3 months
3 months
We are here
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Proposed Future Certification Requirements (Draft NPA)
Approach of the Working Group
 Summary: Non-Commercial and “Low Occupancy” aeroplanes for commercial operations
 The drafted rule therefore proposes to distinguish the products as follows:
Eligibility to
CS-25 Appendix X ?
YES
Is A/C limited to
Non-Commercial and
≤ 150 PAX per deck
Operations ?
NO
Is A/C
Low Occupancy ?
(maximum 19PAX or
≤1/3rd of max TC - Total & per zone
and ≤ 100 PAX per deck)
YES
NO
Non-commercially operated
Requirements / Alleviations
of CS-25 Appendix X
Group 1
« Private »
Low Occupancy
Requirements / Alleviations
of CS-25 Appendix X
General CS-25
Requirements
Group 2
« Low Occupancy »
Group 3
« Airline-like »
2a (≤19)
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Group 2a corresponds to existing
“natural 19” A/C (limitation as per TCDS)
2b (>19)
Group 2b addresses larger airplanes
not limited to 19PAX for public operations
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Proposed Future Certification Requirements (Draft NPA)
Details of the Proposed Amendments
 Certification Items reviewed

Passenger Seats Distribution
o Distance to Emergency Exit
o Deactivation of existing Emergency Exits

Seats in Excess
o Seats in Excess
o Seats available for flight use only

Interior Doors
Isolated Compartments
Installation of Shower
Installation of Cooktop
Cabin Configuration for Taxi, Take-off and Landing
o Direct View
o Access to Type III and IV Emergency Exit
o Latching Mechanisms

o Dissenting views on definition of minor obstruction
o Consensus reached
o Dissenting views on extension of applicability to Group 2b.
o Consensus reached
o Consensus reached
o Consensus reached
o Consensus reached
Placards and Markings
o Symbolic Placards
o Single Non Smoking Placard
o Certification Benefit of the Briefing Card
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o Dissenting views on extension to Group 2b (Public 19 < x ≤ ⅓TC)
o Consensus reached
… Some group members
expressed dissenting
views on specific aspects
o Consensus reached
Emergency Lighting
o Emergency Exit Signs
o Floor Proximity Escape Path Marking
o Transverse Separation of the Fuselage

Consensus reached
Consensus reached
Consensus reached
Consensus reached
Interior Furnishings Materials
o Heat Release / Smoke Density
o Large Glass Panels / Large Display Panels

o
o
o
o
 If a majority of
subjects reached a
consensus…
Circulation Inside Cabin During Flight
o Width of Aisle
o Firm Handhold

o Consensus reached
o Consensus reached
Cabin Compartments
o
o
o
o

o Consensus reached
o Consensus reached
o New consensual ideas
o Consensus reached
o New consensual ideas
In addition, new ideas are
proposed
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