BELLWORK 1. List three characteristics of the Ice Age. 2. Define nomadic. “Human Origins” page 20 3. Scientists use the Latin word Homo which means “human” to categorize hominids….describe the three species of Homo in prehistoric times. “Hunter-Gatherers” pages 21-22 4. How did early Homo Erectus get food? 5. Where did Homo Erectus migrate? How do scientists know this? 6. How was language used by Homo Erectus? The Iceman • September 19, 1991: Helmut and Erika Simon hiking near the Austria/Italian border • Saw a head and shoulders emerging from the ice. • Scientists dug it out of the glacier and discovered that the iceman was at least 5,000 years old! (Oldest body ever retrieved from a glacier) • He was named “Ötzi the Iceman” after the region in which he was discovered. * Ötzi the Iceman • The Iceman’s remains were preserved through a combination of factors: • Altitude 10,530 feet • After he died, the ditch where he lay was filled with snow. • For thousands of years, a glacier covered this pocket of snow. • This caused the iceman to be naturally mummified. Human Culture • Culture: the way of life of a group of people. (Ex: knowledge, language, ways in which they eat and dress, religion, art, etc.) • Earliest aspect of culture – use of tools. • Use of stone tools eventually led to the Stone Age. (12,000BC – 8,000BC) Appearance of Homo Sapiens • 200,000 B.C. • Neanderthals: first homo sapiens originated in Africa and spread to Europe/Asia • Nomadic hunter-gatherers who were more advanced in tool making, medicine, and culture. • Cro-Magnons: originated in Europe • Made further advances in tools and hunting. Neanderthals Cro-Magnons Neolithic Revolution • 5,000B.C. • Characterized by the end of the ice age & appearance of grasslands. • Shift from huntergatherers to producing their own food. Neolithic Village Reading • To learn more about the importance of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to read pages 22-25 • Answer the 5 discussion questions in your notes. • Be ready to discuss your answers with the class. 1. What was the Neolithic Revolution? 2. What were some characteristics of the Neolithic time period? 3. Where were the earliest civilizations located? Why? 4. How was the government set up in early cities? 5. In ancient civilizations, what was writing used for? Timeline Review • Now that you have learned about the origin of humans, culture, and technology, you are going to create a review timeline. • The timeline will span from 5,000,000 BC to 1 BC. • Include all the important events/time periods and a description of each. • Do this in your notes! • • • • • • • Events to include: First appearance of hominids Stone Age Emergence of Homo Erectus Ice Age Emergence of Homo Sapiens Neolithic Revolution Neolithic Village Project • Now that you know all the characteristics and traits of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to create your own Neolithic Village. • Must demonstrate all characteristics of a Neolithic Village. • Be sure to use pictures, color, and labels! • If you use symbols, you must include a key! CLOSURE 1. 2. 3. 4. Where did humans originate? What was the Ice Age? What was the Stone Age? What is the difference between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons?