Ancient Egypt - Firoda National School

Report
By
Aoife Cahalan


Ancient Egyptian culture was started in 5500 BC and then it ended
in 30 BC with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last ruler of Egypt. It’s
famous today for the great monuments which celebrated the
triumphs of their rulers and honored their gods and their lands.
The culture is often misunderstood to have been obsessed with
death but that is not the situation they think there is a afterlife
where everybody goes when they die. They also made an
impression on Roman and Greek religions.
A pyramid and the sphinx
The Sphinx was built in 2500 B.C. The Sphinx is
the body of a lion and the face of a man. It’s 57
metres long, 6 metres wide and 20 metres tall.
 It was built because Pharaoh Khafre wanted a
building to protect his pyramid when he died.

FOOD


Archaeological excavations have revealed that workers on the Great
Pyramids of Giza were paid in bread, beer, and onions apparently their
customary diet as peasants in the Egyptian countryside.
Beer disappeared as a mainstay of Egyptian life following the Muslim
conquest of Egypt in the year 641 B.C, but onions remain the primary
vegetable for flavoring in Egyptian food. Beans were also used for the
mass of the Egyptian populace, as continues to be the case today.
The Egyptian alphabet is different from the
alphabet we have today.
 The egyptians thought that there wisdom
was givin to then by the God Thoth.

MUMMIES


It was very important to Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs
that the human body was preserved. A method of
artificial preservation, called mummification was
developed by the ancient Egyptians.
Mummification was a complicated and lengthy process
which lasted up to 70 days. The Egyptians believed in life
after death.
EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS


The Ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for their
pharaohs. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of
many different shapes and sizes.
The three largest and best-preserved of these were built
at Giza at the beginning of the Old Kingdom. The most
well-known of these pyramids was built for the pharaoh
Khufu.
Inside of a
pyramid
The Egyptian pyramids were carried along the Nile with a material
called shadoof [which is like a long metal bar].
 The stones were then lifted and stacked to make a pyramid.

EGYPTIAN INVENTIONS

The first people to fuss over hair is the
Egyptians. They would shave their hair
when ever it grow too long.
CLOTHING


The Ancient Egyptians wore light clothes made from linen. Once
harvested, the linen was soaked in water until soft. The soften
linen was then separated into fibres which were beaten before
being spun into thread which was then woven into cloth.
The Egyptian cloths were made to keep Egyptian people cool
and not to boil in the hot weather.
MEN’S CLOTHING


All men wore a wrap-round skirt that was tied at the waist
with a belt. Sometimes the material was wrapped around
the legs as well. The length of the skirt varied depending on
the fashion of the time.
Rich Egyptian men were able to afford the best quality
linen which was very fine and almost see through. They also
wore headdresses for special occasions.
Peasant’s
clothes
Pharaoh's
clothes
WOMEN’S CLOTHING


Egyptian women wore full length straight dresses
with one or two shoulder straps.The dresses worn
by rich Egyptian women were made from fine
transparent linen.
Like the men, rich Egyptian women decorated their
clothes and wore jewellery and headdresses.
GODS AND GODDESSES


The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods
and goddesses. Each one with their own role to play in
maintaining peace and harmony across the land.
Some gods and goddesses took part in creation, some
brought the flood every year, some offered protection,
and some took care of people after they died.
WHAT THE GODS REPRESENTED


The Gods represented the land and sky. Others were
either local gods who represented towns, or minor
gods who represented plants or animals.
The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important
to recognize and worship these gods and goddesses
so that life continued smoothly.
NAMES OF SOME OF THE GODS


Sekhmet , Ra, Hathor, Nut, Geb, Osiris ,Seth, Horus ,Isis,
Thoth, Anubis, Ma'at Amun Bastt are all Egyptian gods and
goddesses.
They all have something in common they all take care of people
and places.
Anubis
Ra
CLEOPATRA

Cleopatra VII was the last pharaoh of Egypt
who did many thing during her rain because
she was the youngest she wanted to be
pharaoh so she murdered her brothers so she
could be pharaoh.
TUTANKHAMUN


Tutankhamen was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, during
the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. He is
popularly referred to as King Tut [ that’s what Tutankhamen was
called by his people].
His original name, Tutankhamen, means "Living Image of Aten“. He
became pharaoh when he was 9. He ruled 9 years until he died at the
age of 18.
In his tomb
As a boy
THE FINDING OF KING TUT


The search for King Tut started when Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord
Carnarvon, spent a number of years and a lot of money searching for a tomb
they weren't sure existed.
In November 1922, they found it. Carter had discovered not just an unknown
ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000
years. Which was king tuts tomb.
THE END OF ANCIENT EGYPT

During the Late times Alexander the great concurred Ancient
Egypt where they threw them out and started the Ptolemaic
dynasty. Where they built :
The Alexander lighthouse and Library of Alexander
Thanks for listening to my powerpoint on:
The Ancient Egyptians

similar documents