Enel Roadmap toward Excellence in Grid Management Trends in

Report
Enel Roadmap toward Excellence in Grid
Management
Trends in Power Industry in the European Context VIII
Antonello Buondonno
Head of Europe and Americas Business Development
Infrastructure and Network Division
Spindleruv Mlyn, April 18th ,2013
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Enel: an international energy operator
Italian Core. European Base. Global Strategy*
Installed capacity:
40 countries
97,3 GW
Annual output:
61 mln
connection points
290 TWh
Energy distributed:
430 TWh
Listed on:
Milano SE (1,5 mln
Shareholders)
UP-Stream Gas:
984 MMboe*
Reserves
EBITDA:
17,7 bln €
< 500 MW
< 1.000 MW
< 2.000 MW
Representative offices, financial holdings,
operative branches, commercial companies
< 10.000 MW
NG Prospective
Resources
> 10.000 MW
NG Reserves
680 MMboe**
Resources
Employees:
75.300 (< 50% in
Italy)
1st utility in Italy, one of the largest in Europe by installed
capacity. Present throughout the entire electricity and natural gas
value chain
Date
* year-end 2011
**MMboe: Million Barrels of Oil Equivalent
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Enel Networks in the world
Áreas of presence
• 1,8 mln km línes/ cables
• 430 TWh Energy Distributed
•61 mln Point of delivery
COLOMBIA
• 2nd Distribuidor (24%)
• 2,3 Mln P.o.D.
PERU
• 2nd Distributor (23%)
• 1,1 Mln P.o.D.
CHILE
• !st Distributoor(32%)
• 1,5 Mln P.o.D.
Date
ROMENIA
• 2nd Distribuitor (30%)
• 2,6 Mln P.o.D.
BRASIL
• 5,5 Mln P.o.D.
SPAIN
• 1st Distributor (35%)
ARGENTINA
• 13 Mln P.o.D.
• 2nd Distributor(16%)
• 2,3 Mln P.o.D.
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ITALY
• First Distribuitor (80%)
• 31,5 Mln P.o.D.
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Agenda
● Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation
● The roadmap
excellence
to
smart
networks
● Envisaging the future Infrastructure
Date
Title of presentation
and
operational
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Italian Regulatory framework
Regulatory context
Focus on
core business
1999
Smart Meter start-up
 Bundled Distribution &
Sales organization
Enel Distribuzione
Enel starts deployment before
liberalization and unbundling
based on financial return/
operational benefits evaluation
1999-2007
Progressive
liberalization of the
electricity sector
 Unbundling of Distribution
and Sales
 DSO keeps responsibility for
Metering & Reading activities
Enel anticipates the changes
and reengineers its internal
processes to cope with new
challenges in efficiency, quality
of service, customer relations
etc.
2007-2011
Smart Meter Massive
deployment
In 2006-07
Regulator
adopts
In 2006,
the Italian
new metering rules
 confirming approach on
Smart Meters with
mandatory installation
within 2011 for all electricity
customers
 ToU for all customers within
09/2012
Enel completed in 2006 the
installation of approx. 31M
smart meters.
Date
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Italian Regulatory framework - Impact of smart
meter on regulated metering activities
• New readings rules
• Real consumption billing
• Time of use tariffs
• Mandatory for all customers
• Readings target success rate
• Set at min. 95% for readings
• New rules for bad payers
management and reconnection
• -85% contractual load limit for 10
days, "real time" reconnection
• Load management
• Allowance of +20% load limit
• Better management and
monitoring of quality of service
• Recording of customer's
interruptions and voltage variation
• Increase in market competition
• Improved Trader-Customer
relation/ leverage to promote
competition and spreading of
market efficiency
Date
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Market Dynamics – Enel Distribuzione in Italy
Distributed Renewables (GW)
Free Market customers (Mln)
PV
13
370.000 Prosumers connected
Connections(GW)
4,3
3,7
a2010
Date
a2011
3,6
b2012
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Connections (2012):
• 4000 LV request /week (max level
reached)
• 0.5MW/AVG request MV (min.)
Smart Metering (2011):
• 403 Mil remote readings
• Commercial Quality 99.75% (AEEG)
• 9.4 Mil remote work orders
• Approx. 250.000 Switch/month
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Agenda
● Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation
● The roadmap
excellence
to
smart
networks
● Envisaging the future Infrastructure
Date
Title of presentation
and
operational
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Enel Distribuzione roadmap
Heading towards efficiency
Automatic Meter Solutions in Europe


41 m. meters in Europe
97% daily success rate of the operations in Enels grid
(2012)
Smart Grid/Network Automation


Process
reengineering
2.100 HV/MV substations remotely controlled (100%)
115.000 MV/LV substations remotely controlled (80% of
customers) with automatic fault clearing procedures
Asset Management in Italy



Satellite mapping of network assets
Database of network events (outage, fault detection ….)
Optimization of network investments based on a risk analysis
Work Force Management



6.100 Enel teams connected +GPS localization
ENEL cartographic on board
Mobile applications for all Field Operations
Smart Meter and process optimization are the cornerstone to
Date
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to stakeholders and partners
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Enel Distribuzione roadmap
Impact of Technology deployments: toward a new
paradigm in network management
80 €/
customer
52 €/
customer
Process
reengineering
OPEX per client
CAPEX per client
SAIDI (minutes
per client )
Opex reduction:
Quality of service:
Date
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- 40 %
+67 %
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Enel Distribuzione roadmap
Benefits for the customers: Reduction of tariff network component
Tariff components
+ 60%
Eurocent/ kWh
16,18
14,8
4,22
+ 93%
8,92
9,47
+ 95%
3,09
2,49
2,49
- 19 %
1999
2006
2011
3,39
Taxes system
charges
Generation and
supply *
Grids
10,12
2,19
4,84
Net benefit to consumer
Date
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pubblico
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Enel Smart Meter experience
World wide most advanced and field proven
project
Date
•
34 M Smart Meter installed in Italy on Enel
LV network
•
5 M smart Meters installed on other DSOs
networks, in Italy and abroad
•
A new, state-of-the-art solution (meter,
concentrator, AMM system modules) developed
lately, maintaining ENEL traditional
robustness, reliability and cost
effectiveness
•
13 M Smart Meter now under deployement in
Spain, 3 M already installed , the largest and
fastest project in Spain
Title of presentation
Smart
Meter
Use:
Enel Smart Metering
Simplified Architecture
LV lines
PLC
Head-End System
AMI Control
Center
2G/ 3G public TLC
infrastructure
Date
Title of presentation
MV/ LV
substation
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Smart
Meter
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Smart
Meter
Enel Smart Metering
Interoperability and openness
• International non-profit association to maintain and
communication protocol for Smart Metering solutions
support
the
open
• Board of Directors from Enel, Endesa, ST, CESI, Siemens;
• Up to May 15th 2012: 30 members among world leading companies and institutions,
from different business sectors, have already joined the Association
2010
2011
Founding
Members
Date
Title of presentation
2012
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Smart Metering Economics
Key success factors
FAST implementation of
improvements
PLC for SM +
G2/G3 for DC
Crossover
technologies
International
standards
International
manufacturing
Speed of
implementation
Massive roll
out
Date
Continuous
innovation
open technologies &
solutions
Outsourcing of
manufacturing/OEMs + Enel onsite
teams to ensure quality & costs
•20-25% yearly substitution
rate (Project completion in 4-5
years)
• all LV meters installed in parallel &
uniform lots to anticipate savings
Value creation
Title of presentation
Smart
Meter
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Smart Meter Project Cost Benefit Analysis
Project’s key indicators
Italy 2001
Spain 2010
33 Mln
13 Mln
» Monophase
90%
85%
» Poliphase
10
15
• Number of Meters installed
target: ~100% customer coverage with full feature/ remotely managed
meters
• Roll-out
5 Years
5 Years
• Cumulated CAPEX*
2,1 Bln €
1,6 Bln €
• Yearly Running Costs **
• Yearly Savings **
450 Mln €
• Meter Average Life
15 years
5 years
PBP
Date
67,3 Mln €
Title of presentation
15 years
Smart
Meter
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Enel Experience in Network Remote
Control and Automation
•28
Control centers (Italy)
•100% Remotely controlled HV-MV
substations
•32+% Remotely controlled MV-LV
substations
•100% Automated MV feeders (
Self healing network, reliability, security of supply
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Smart
Grid
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Smart
Grid
Enel Remote Control and Automation
Overall Architecture
The ENEL System for Grid Automation
and Remote Control can be divided
into 3 main Macro-blocks:
AT
TSO
MT
• Central systems (STU-X/STM);
• Remote Terminal Units
(TPT2000 + UP + RGDAT)
• Telecommunication systems
(Data network);
HV/MV Subs
(TPT / TPT 2000)
STUX / STM
Ensures secure communication and
data feeding corporate systems
MT
BT
Corporate systems /
Intranet
Date
Title of presentation
MV/LV Subs
(UP-RTU)
Use:
Remote Control and Automation System
Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) for Primary (HV/MV)
Substations
TPT2000: Current Enel
Standardized Primary Substation
RTU
• Digital channels, IP networks
• Always on connected to the center
• Collect, aggregate and make
available to the center data from
the Primary Substation:
» Alarms
» Measurements
» Signals
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Smart
Grid
Use:
Remote Control and Automation System
Remote Terminal Unit: UP Enel Standard for MV/LV
Substations
UP provides remote commands, local automation, alarms, measure …
Enel Standard component UP is available for both indoor and outdoor
use, and in two versions, capable to manage up to:
•
8 Switches
•
16 Switches
For indoor applications
• Manage both MV and LV
motorized switches
For pole top applications
• Pole mounted
• ManageSF6 insulated switches
Date
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Smart
Grid
Use:
Remote Control and Automation System
MV Automation: RGDAT, ENEL Standard Fault Detectors
Composed by current & voltage sensors +
electronic unit connected to RTU in substation
Ensures
• Detection of short circuits
Non directional 500A
• Detection of ground faults
» Directional detector (the direction can be set from
remote)
» High sensitivity (up to 6kOhm in compensated
neutral situations
» Full operation in compensated and isolated
neutral condition
• MV input voltage detector
Date
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Smart
Grid
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Remote Control and Automation System
MV Automation: RGDAT OUTDOOR Enel standard Fault
Detectors for outdoor installation
RGDAT Outdoor Voltage and current sensors
Allows automation of pole
top switches installed on
overhead networks
(mainly rural):
• detection
• and isolation
of faulty branch
Date
Title of presentation
Smart
Grid
Use:
Remote Control and Automation System
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Smart
Grid
MV/LV Substation Automation rules – block diagram
Modular MV Switchboard
Line
Module
Line
Module
Line
Module
TR
Module
AS LV Board
230 Vca
UP
Batteries 24V
+
Charger
Vo
Electronics
Iomo
I4
I12
RGDAT
MV cables
Cables for remote control
power
signals/measures
control
Date
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Connectors
2G/3G
Modem
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ST Web Applications
Remote Control and automation system – ST Web Applications
Network
Metering
Other Company
applications
ST Web
Applications
STUX/STM
ST Remote Control
and Automation
System
Date
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Smart
Meter/
Grid
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Enel EMM
Electric Mobility Management
EMM Remote management main
features
1. Remote management
• Activation, Configuration
Localization
• Trouble Management
2. Multi DSO, with Roaming
service
3. Customer centric
• Management of individual
Customer Contracts,
• prepaid
4. Grid integration
• Flexibility of charging according
to energy availability
(distributed generation).
• Storage of eventual energy
overproduction.
• Voltage control assuring the
quality of service.
Date
www.enelmobility.it
Title of presentation
Smart
Grid
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Electric Vehicle recharging infrastructure
eMobility Italy – Charging stations design and certification
Hom
e
Key Features
• Metering
usage
grade
measurement
of
energy
• System access with RFID ID card
• Security
• Flexible communication: 3G and PLC enabled
• Identification and authorization to charge
from Clearing House
• Customizable energy supply: mono vendor vs
multiple supplier
Publi
c
• Prepaid
• Process control:
» Recharge remote control
» Remote monitoring of recharging station;
availability check
All solutions equipped with smart-metering, ready
for integration into the upcoming smart grid.
Date
Title of presentation
Smart
Grid
Use:
Work Force Management
Teams equipped with PC + Android
Smartphone
•
connected via GPRS with GPS
localization
•
GIS and Fault Management
Systems
•
List of Jobs to be performed and
remote automatic assignment of
Jobs
•
e-mail and intranet
•
Check of security adds-on
•
Camera and Barcode Reader
•
Augmented reality
High Efficiency in Work Force Management
Date
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WFM
Use:
Asset Management
Risk based network planning and asset allocation
•
Satellite mapping of network assets
•
Database of network events
-
power outage notification,
-
fault detection
available and for each grid element
Date
•
Load flow analysis
•
Investments based on a risk analysis
for various network configurations
•
Advanced DSS SW platform
•
Predictive maintenance
•
Process reengineering
Optimization of network planning/
investment allocation and maintenance
based on risk-return
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Asset
Mngmt
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Agenda
● Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation
● The roadmap
excellence
to
smart
networks
● Envisaging the future Infrastructure
Date
Title of presentation
and
operational
Use:
Envisaging the future infrastructure
Impact of Distributed Generation - Energy Flow at TSODSO boundary *
2010
MW
2012
40.000
30.000
20.000
10.000
0
Weekdays
* Avg. Load Curves (July 2012 Title
Vs 2010)
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Saturday
Sunday
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Envisaging the future infrastructure
Toward Smart Infrastructures
Electricity
Transportation
Gas
Communication
Greater role in RES
Dispatching
Electirc Mobility
Distributed Intelligence
Broadband
Electronic Control
Smart Meter
Always-on
Grid-to-Vehicle and
Vehicle-to-Grid
Energy Balance
Wireless
Sensors and actuators
Network
Augmented Reality
Distributed Intelligence
Sensors and actuators
Network
Unmanned guide vehicle
Adaptive Control
Convergence toward
Electric Model
Artificial Intelligence
Date
Smart Grids
Increasingly an enabling factor/ DSO more
and more a key role in energy sector
Title of presentation
Virtual Reality
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Envisaging the future infrastructure
The New Role of DSO
Renewables
Smart Cities
Dispatching
Energy Efficiency
Active Demand
Energy Storage solutions
Electric Mobility – fast
charge
New services
Renewables Forecast
Broadband for grid
management
Date
Smart Lighting
Building to Grid
Title of presentation
Smart Customers
Smart Metering also
for gas
Consumption
optimization
Use:
MV Energy storage Systems
MV Energy Storage system of the “Isernia” project
 One of the few Storage in Europe and the first installed in Italy
 The scope of the installation is the study of smart grid
applications in secondary substations
Pmax= 1MVA - Energy: 500kWh
Date
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Active Control for Distributed Energy
Resources connected to the MV network
• Advanced control system
• “always on” and standard-based communication
solution connecting all the relevant nodes in the
network, including DER locations.
• Voltage Control (at all nodes) and Power Flow
Control in the MV network.
• New procedures for managing efficiently and
reliably the Disconnection of DER units in the event
of unwanted islanding operations.
Date
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Envisaging the future infrastructure
Enel Smart Grids Vision: Building a smart Energy future
Network
automation
Demand
Smart Metering/ Response
central and
distributed
Intelligence
Multidirectional
‘flows’
management
Storage
and Plug &
Play
technologies
Electric
mobility
LED Public Lighting
Smart Cities
Renewables
sources integration
Smart equipments
and power
electronics
Allowing Smart Interactions between all connected parties to
deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supply
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Executive Summary
 Enel
mission is to efficiently deliver a sustainable, economical and
secure electricity supply in a liberalized market
 Deployment
of Smart Meters gives a competitive advantage in
business processes and Smart Grids, where Enel is the technology
leader
 Smart
Meters deployment triggers the start of a Utility operations
turnaround bringing advantages to all parties
 Enel
heads international standardization and interoperability bodies
for Smart Grids, and has leading edge technologies in these fields
 Enel
wishes to support other utilities to improve their performances
and to sustain their roadmap to excellence in technologies
Keeping our leadership one step ahead
Date
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Thank you
Antonello Buondonno
Head of Europe and Americas
Business Development
Enel Infrastructure and Network Division
[email protected]
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