Presentation - University of East London

Report
Centre for Social Justice and Change
MA in Refugee Studies
21st Century London Outcasts:
Austerity and its Impact on Refugee Families Living in London
The symposium is organized in collaboration with:
Centre for Education for Racial Equality in Scotland,
University of Edinburgh
Department of Sociology, University of Leicester
Welcome and Opening Remarks: Dr Maja Korac-Sanderson
Co-Director Centre for Social Justice and Change
Co-Leader MA in Refugee Studies
Centre for Social Justice and Change
MA in Refugee Studies
21’st Century London Outcasts
Welfare Reform and Their Impacts on
Refugee Families Living in London
Indira Kartallozi
Director
Chrysalis Family Futures
February 5, 2014
"Here in a country
rich beyond
description there
are people poor
beyond description”
(Will Crooks,
Labour MP 1908)
‘21st Century Welfare’
 Benefit Cap
 Universal Credit
 Bedroom Tax
 Abolishing of Council Tax
Benefit, Crisis Loan and
Community Care Grants
 Disability Living Allowance
replaced by Independent
Personal Payment
 51% refugee
unemployment rates in
London (Bloch 1999)
 64% of refugees are
unemployed (Welsh
Refugee Council 2013)
 Extreme and high
levels of poverty
 High unemployment
 High welfare
dependency
 Poor and unaffordable
housing
 Poor mental and
physical health
 Social exclusion
 Hostility and
exploitation
Household 1: Unemployed
husband, wife and three
children, aged 7, 15 and 18.
“I need to work, I’m not a
person who stays still… I’m
a person who want to work
hard.” (Refugee interview)
Pre Benefit Cap:
Post Benefit Cap:
Income
£630 pw
Income
£499 pw
Rent
£345 pw
Rent
£345 pw
£285 pw
£154 pw
A couple and two children (11 and
6) placed in two bedroom - poor
standards and high rent:
Income:
£570 pm
TA* Rent:
£1499 pm
LHA* Rates:
£1023 pm
“We have now a whole new group
of families, including migrant
families, who have access to public
funds but because of the cap they
have become ‘intentionally
homeless’”. (Expert interview)
*Temporary Accommodation
*Local Housing Allowance
“Broken down by ethnic
background, our main group in
Brent is Somali…because they
are precisely the type of people
that need family-sized
accommodation.”(Refugee
interview)
“We recognize that the council
does not take pleasure in
placing people outside of
London, but it is actually forced
to do it.” (Expert interview)
Mother and two children,
survivor of trafficking and
sexual exploitation:
“For two months I was without
any money or food. I had to
feed my children with bread
and butter, sometimes
moulded bread.”
“Oh my God… the suffering I
went through…
so I made a decision
that if I don’t receive the
benefits by the 30th,
I will kill myself.”
35 year old woman and
elderly mother:
“Okay, I get the papers now,
but waiting ten years! Ten
years is TEN YEARS! OF MY
LIFE! (Sobbing) I couldn’t get
married, I couldn’t work,
study…”
“…Even in my language I’m
stuck to express my feelings,
its like I’m dead, I’m dead!
That is it! And I suffer from
depression, it got worse and
worse with every year going
by…”
“Now I have got it and I say
thank you, but it’s too late for
that. I feel like I have a
country, but its not my
country; it’s not my choice to
be here.” (Refugee
interview)
“These people need to integrate,
where do they put them, they put
them in slum estates. What are
they wanting to integrate to,
alcoholism, heroin addiction,
unemployment…that is the context
of them being asked to integrate
to!” (Expert interview)
Economic
Exclusion
High Welfare
Dependency
Hostility
Dispersal
21st
Century
Outcasts?
Welfare
Exclusion
Poor Mental
& Physical
Health
Multiple
Deprivation
 When families are granted refugee status, there should
be a more efficient transition onto mainstream benefits,
avoiding the risks of destitution and severe poverty such
as malnutrition.
 Social Services should ensure that they adhere to their
obligations under the Section 17 of Children Act 1989 and
protect refugee children from harm caused by severe
poverty and destitution.
 Housing Services should provide a support package and
information to refugee families dispersed outside of
London and to ensure proper referral to public services in
the new area of residence.
Further Research
 Extending the sample coverage (number of refugee families
in London), as well as the geographical scope of the
research beyond London.
 The impacts of welfare reforms on refugee integration,
including potential increases in equality and hostility.
 The likely socio-economic, health and cultural impacts of
dispersal of refugee households outside London.
Austerity and Social Justice
Dr. Leah Bassel, University of Leicester
Dr. Akwugo Emejulu,
University of Edinburgh
5 February 2014
 How do these findings
connect to issues you
have observed or
experienced?
 How would you like to see
the findings of this study
and outcomes of today
taken forward?

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