Lecture 6 Exhibiting What You Have Learned Developed by Yang Ying 2010 Outline Three types of exhibition tasks: Do collocation reconstruction tasks Write using collocations collected Do one round of editing with a focus on collocation use Collocation Reconstruction Pair/group learning One student/group reads a text and selects a list of collocations. Another student/group reconstructs the text by using the list of collocations. Shared learning in and outside classroom Maximize learning opportunities Use Collocations Collected 1. Writing a short passage/an online blog with collocations from a longer text 2. Retell a story/Sum up the main idea of a text using the collocations learned from the text An Example Below is a list of collocations collected from the text “Teenagers and Stress” by David Inman (do not) have stress have had firsthand experience with stress grapple with stress feel under stress face stress run into stress bringing some of it on yourself caused by your frame of mind (It can be tricky) to pin down where the stress comes from. It comes from inside yourself/ Stress can often come from within. Stress comes from trying to please others. expect you not to be yourself want you to follow in …’s footsteps contemplate suicide commit suicide It can challenge you make you push harder Source of the text: Ruetten, M.K. (2003). Developing Composition Skills: Rhetoric and Grammar. 2nd edition. Thomson Heinle. P94-96. Sample Writing from a Student Many adults may think that teenagers are not likely to feel under stress. This is far from the truth. In fact, many teenagers have had their firsthand experience with stress/have to grapple with stress. Stress can come from within—caused by one’s own expectation to achieve. Stress can also come from trying to please others, for example, pleasing your parents to be what they want you to be or follow in a successful sibling’s footsteps. Stress can have negative consequences. Some teenagers may contemplate suicide or even commit suicide when they run into severe stress. However, stress can also challenge you and make you push harder. Anyway, if you want to do well, you end up bringing some (of it)/stress onto yourself. A Sample of Oral Report Below is a transcribed oral report a student did based on the same text: Every one of us may have experienced stress. There are several possible causes of stress.Very often, stress comes from inside yourself—your own frame of mind. You cannot help feeling under stress if you want to do well. Sometimes, stress comes from the people around you: your friends, your colleagues or even your family members when they expect too much from you and you strive hard to fulfil such expectations. For example, it can be highly stressful trying to be what your parents want you to be or follow in a successful sibling’s footsteps. Stress is like an enemy. When we face it, we need to grapple with it to beat it. If you contemplate suicide or even commit suicide when you run into stress, it’s like giving up and killing yourself before you even start to fight the enemy. Doesn’t that sound silly to you? Anyway, every body has stress at some point of his life, if not throughout his life, so do not expect you or I to be spared. Face it, and face it bravely. Edit Writing with a Focus on Collocation Use Edit for grammatical accuracy Focus one round of editing on collocation use A Sample of Edited Text Part of the trick in keeping yourself physically fit lies in an effective control of what you eat and how to eat. First, eating sensibly is one of the critical factors for a healthy body. Eating a rich variety of nutritious foods, such as fruits, vegetables, grains and limiting sugary foods, salt and refined-grain products will make you fit and healthy. Moreover, consuming water instead of gaseous or soda drink and eating less fast food or oily food is also more likely to keep you from some common diseases. The way you consume food is also a significant factor to maintain your physical health. When you chew your food, you should take your time to fully digest it. In addition to this, you should listen to your body attentively; when your body sends out the signal that it is hungry, you should at least eat a biscuit or cake although you may be terribly busy. However, you must cautiously avoid over-eating your favorite food as over-eating will make you feel sick. Eating just enough to satisfy your hunger will help you remain fully alert and fairly (totally/perfectly) relaxed. Moreover, you must carefully avoid stress while eating. When you are heavily stressed, your digestion can be seriously compromised, causing health problems like colitis or indigestion. Last but not least, you should deliberately avoid eating while working, driving or arguing. To conclude, effective management of your eating styles helps you stay fit and healthy. --By Chit Su (used with permission) Review Three types of exhibition tasks Collocation reconstruction Writing with a conscious use of collocations collected Editing with a focus on collocation use References Rose, C., & Nicholl, M. J. (1997). Accelerated Learning for the 21st Century: the Six-Step Plan to Unlock Your MASTER-mind. Dell Publishing. Ruetten, M.K. 2003. Developing Composition Skills: Rhetoric and Grammar. 2nd edition. Thomson Heinle. P94-96. Yang,Y. (2009). Towards Language Awareness and Learner Autonomy in Collocation Learning: Learner Perspectives and Practices on an “AWARE” Approach. Unpublished Doctorate thesis. University of Western Australia.