Chapter 4 Specialized Application Software

Report
Chapter 4
Specialized Application
Software
College of Computer and Information Science
Key Words & Terms
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animation: 动画
artificial intelligence:人工智能
artificial reality:虚拟现实
audio editing software:声音编辑软件
bitmap image:位图图像
blog:博客
button:按钮
clip art:剪贴画
desktop publisher:桌面排版软件
desktop publishing program:桌面排版软件
drawing program:绘画软件
expert systems:专家系统
flash:动画制作软件
fuzzy logic:模糊逻辑
graphical map:网页设计结构图
graphics suite:图形包
HTML editor:HTML编辑软件
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Key Words & Terms
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illustration program: 绘图软件
image editors:图像编辑软件
image gallery:图像收藏
immersive experience:沉浸式体验
industrial robot:工业机器人
interactivity:交互性
knowledge base:知识库
knowledge-based system:知识系统
link:链接
mobile robot:移动机器人
Morphing:图像渐变效果
multimedia:多媒体
multimedia authoring program:多媒体制作软件
page layout program: 排版软件
perception system robot:感知系统机器人
photo editors:照片编辑器
pixel:象素
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Key Words & Terms
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raster image:光栅图像
robot:机器人
robotics:机器人学
stock photographs:库存图片
story board:网页设计脚本
vector :向量/矢量
vector illustration:矢量插画
vector image:矢量图
video editing software:视频编辑软件
virtual environment:虚拟环境
virtual reality:虚拟现实
virtual reality modeling language (VRML):虚拟现实建模语言
virtual reality wall:虚拟现实墙
VR:虚拟现实
Web authoring:网页制作
Web authoring programs:网页制作软件
Web page editor:网页编辑软件
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Competencies (Page 1 of 2)
• Describe graphics software, including desktop
publishing, image editors, illustration programs,
image galleries, and graphics suites
• Discuss audio and video editing software
• Describe multimedia, including story boards and
multimedia authoring programs
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Competencies (Page 2 of 2)
• Explain Web authoring, Web site design,
and Web authoring programs
• Describe virtual reality and VRML
• Discuss knowledge-based (expert) systems
• Describe robotics including perception
systems, industrial robots, and mobile
robots
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Introduction
• Software that for years was only
available for mainframe computers is
now available for microcomputers.
Specialized application software
makes it possible to perform
advanced tasks at home.
• Home users can now create Webs
sites, work with graphic images, and
create music or art.
• Robots now provide security and
assistance in homes.
• Competent end users need to be
aware of specialized applications
such as: graphics programs, audio
and video editing software,
multimedia, Web authoring, and
artificial intelligence.
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Specialized Applications
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Graphics Programs
Audio and Video Software
Multimedia Programs
Web Authoring Programs
• Artificial Intelligence
– Virtual Reality
– Knowledge-based Systems
– Robotics
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Graphics
• Desktop publishing
• Image editors
• Illustration programs
• Image galleries
• Graphic suites
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Audio and Video
• Video editing software
– Enhances digital video
footage
– Apple's iMovie &
Windows Movie Maker
• Audio editing software
– Creates and edits audio
clips
– Can create your own
MP3s
– Apple’s Garage Band and
Sony’s ACID
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Digital Video Editing
• Capture Video
• Edit a Movie
• Create a DVD
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Multimedia
• The integration of a variety of media into one
presentation
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Video
Music
Voice
Graphics
Text
• Should include user interactivity
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Links & Buttons
Links can be to…
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Video
Sound
Graphics
Text Files
• Buttons are links
and provide the
ability to navigate
through a
presentation
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Developing Multimedia
Presentations
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Page 105
Plan and Analyze
Design
Create
Support
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Multimedia Authoring Programs
• Special programs used to create multimedia
presentations
• Bring together all the video, audio, graphics,
and text elements
• Popular programs
– Macromedia Director
– Authorware
– Toolbook
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Web Authoring
• Corporations use the Web to reach new
customers
• Many individuals create their own personal
sites, called Web logs or blogs, to keep in
touch with friends and family
• Web Site Design
• Web Authoring Programs
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Web Site Design
• Interactive
multimedia form of
communication
– Create a graphical
map of overall
content
– Add multimedia
elements like
animation
• Macromedia's
Flash
• Morphing
Return
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Web Authoring Programs
• Known as Web page editors or HTML editors
– Provide support for Web site design
– Creates HTML coding
• Popular programs
– Macromedia Dreamweaver
– NetObjects Fusion
– Microsoft FrontPage
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Web Authoring Sequence
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Artificial Intelligence
• Attempts to simulate
human senses, thought
processes, and actions
• Designed to help
people and
organizations become
more productive
• Three areas of AI
– Virtual reality
– Knowledge-based (expert)
systems
– Robotics
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Virtual Reality
• Artificial or simulated reality
– Generated in 3-D by a computer
– Commonly known as VR, artificial reality, or
virtual environments
• Virtual reality modeling language (VRML)
– Used to create
real-time animated 3-D scenes
– Cosmos Worlds
from Cosmos Software
Return
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Knowledge-Based
(Expert) Systems
• Artificial intelligence that uses a database for
assistance
• Database is known as a knowledge base
• Many use "fuzzy logic"
Return
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Robotics
• The field of study concerned with using
robots
• Robots are computer-controlled machines
– Mimic the motor activities of living things
– Three types of robots
• Perception system robots
• Industrial robots
• Mobile robots
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A Look to the Future
Artificial Intelligence
• Research is being done to give robots a
sense of values so they can make decisions
independently
• The Saya robot is under development in
Tokyo
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Discussion Questions (Page 1 of 2)
• Describe graphics, including desktop
publishers, image editors, illustration
programs, image galleries, and graphics
suites.
• Discuss audio and video editing software.
• What is multimedia? How are multimedia
presentations developed?
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Discussion Questions (Page 2 of 2)
• Describe Web authoring, including Web site
design and Web authoring programs.
• Discuss three areas of artificial intelligence.
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The End of Chapter 4
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