1.1 Social Science Intro PPT

Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology
 26
people died – 20 children and 6 adult staff
 Gunman found dead inside the building
 Gunman’s mother found dead in her home –
27 dead total
 Second deadliest school shooting in US
history, behind Virginia Tech massacre
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ItsOJUpK
 Questions
asked are based on the discipline –
different questions are asked for each
 Psychology
– the systematic study of people’s
thoughts, feelings (mental processes), and
Reasons thus are largely attributed to
personality (including potential mental illness)
Assumption: Psychologists assume that an
individual’s personality is moulded by a
combination of biological factors (hereditary
traits – genetics) and prior experiences… nature
and nurture
 Sociology
– the scientific study of human
social behaviour and the institutions and
organizations that form society; the study of
how groups of people who share common
characteristics function
Includes the study of how groups of people who
share some common characteristic(s) function
Looks for common factors (commonalities)
Assumption: an individual’s acts can only be
understood when they are compared with the
acts of similar individuals
 Anthropology
– the study of the origin of
behaviour, and the physical, social and
cultural development of humans
Looks at the values of the cultures which people
grow up and later work
Assumption: that there are factors in a culture,
in general, and in subcultures, in particular, that
encourage or discourage particular behaviours
 http://www.breakingnews.ie/world/canadia
 How
did the environment ( workplace,
neighbourhood) influence the decisions of
the people involved?
 What violent experiences had there been in
this community that would affect employee’s
 Could cultural factors have influenced
Why did people not call for help?
 Why did they obey their supervisor?
 What factors led the girl to this location?
 What was the supervisor thinking and why?
 (prior experiences, personality)
What factors influenced the decisions of the
supervisor, the employees who did not respond,
and the employee who did make the 911 call?
Was the fact that the supervisor was an authority
figure important?
Were there any factors, such as gender, race,
age, or economic status, that might have
influenced the assumptions of the supervisor and
(Group, Social,Organizational dynamics)
 Read
the handout of
the 1999 OC Transpo
 In groups of 2 explain
what main question
each discipline would
ask to help understand
this event
 Include their
explanation based on
the information
presented in the
 Psychologists
would examine his life in detail
in order to answer:
What factors in his personalityor past led
Lebrun to commit this crime?
Assume that personality is moulded by a
combination of biological factors as well as prior
 Lebrun had made 50 visits to doctors
complaining of stomach cramps, insomnia,
depression, diarrhea and other ailments
 He had suffered from delusions
 He had been bullied at work for a speech
Sociologists would be
interested in
What common
sociological factors are
there in the lives of
people who have gone
on shooting sprees at
their former place of
 Some
common characteristics of people who
have gone on shooting rampages are:
- unpopular loner
- low tolerance for frustration and anger
- harassed at work
- low self-esteem
- own/possess rifles and other guns
 Anthropologists
would be interested in:
What were the values of the culture in which
he grew up & later worked?
 Assumption
is that there
are factors in Canadian
culture and the
“subculture” of OC
Transpo that
encouraged Lebrun’s
 Powerful images of
violence are widespread
in today’s Canadian
culture (sports, media,
video games)
 Evidence
at the OC Transpo inquest revealed
a poisonous environment, characterized by
hostility and aggression
 There was little respect between managers
and employees
 “Macho” behaviour was reported with much
talk about women and teasing Lebrun for his
 Cultural
message in media… “When things
get out of hand, acting violently will gain the
attention and even respect of others.”
True or false? Brainstorm ways in which the
message is or is not perpetuated.
What impact does this message have on a)
children, b) youth, c) adults
 What
other values are present in our
Is there pressure to accept the values of cultures
and/or subcultures in order to fit in and be
 How
might an anthropologist, psychologist
and a sociologist explain the following
a) A group of thugs attack and injure two men
they see coming out of a gay bar
b) A church group sponsors a refugee family from
a war-torn country
c) Canadian peacekeeping troops put their lives
at risk in a foreign country, where a civil war has
just ended but may break out again
d) Soccer fans overseas riot and get into fist
fights with opposing fans after a World Cup
qualifying game
 Aldershot
has asked you to conduct a study
on stress experienced by students over
school workload and part-time jobs.
A) Which different groups would you consult?
Explain why you would choose those groups.
B) What questions would you ask them? Label
each question as belonging to A, P, or S and
explain why they fall into that category and why
they’re important to ask.
C) What other evidence would you want to
gather? Why would it be helpful/important?
D) What process would you go through to come
up with a recommendation?

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