Drupal Commerce slides

Report
INTRODUCTION
Drupal Commerce adds the functionality online merchants need in a
Drupal based site! Eg Cart, Checkout, Orders, Invoices, Shipping, Tax etc
•
Created by Ryan Szrama, the author of Ubercart
•
Like Drupal, acts as a framework which can be extended
•
Distributions for catering to specific scenarios
•
Built/supported by Commerce Guys
•
23,000 + active sites
•
Growing Commerce specific contrib
•
Huge potential
WHY DRUPAL COMMERCE
•
Hands down beats most E-com solutions for anything CMS / Social etc
•
Huge D7 contrib space which can be used in Commerce, Eg Image
Galleries, Flags, Ratings, newsletters, support forums, blogs etc
•
Powerful search with Search API, Facet API and Solr
•
Good theme system / responsive - Omega
Where it currently falls down
•
Not as mature as existing solutions / not as tried and tested
•
Actually still pretty complicated for a standalone simple store
We all know Drupal and have been building CMS sites, why not start
using our skills to tackle E Commerce?
DISTRIBUTIONS
Commerce Kickstart
• Best introduction for commerce
• http://drupal.org/project/commerce_kickstart
• http://demo.commerceguys.com/
MartPlug
• http://drupal.org/project/martplug
• http://demo.martplug.com/
Open Deals
• http://drupal.org/project/opendeals
• http://opendealsapp.com/demo/
COMMERCE DEPENDENCIES
•
Views
•
Rules
•
Address field
•
Entity API
Why are these important?
•
Existing ecosystem - lots of modules are “entity-aware”
•
Use standard hooks/classes (eg EntityFieldQuery & Metadata Wrappers)
•
Hmmmm tasty! Views & Rules…
COMMERCE ENTITIES
Product
A node can have multiple Product reference
fields, each contain price, SKU and other Product
Attributes. “Product Types” allow for variations
Customer Profile
Customers Profiles contain billing & shipping
information. Each user may have multiple
profiles, eg Work or Home Address.
Order
Orders can have multiple line item references
and a single Customer Profile reference.
Represents major states through the life of an
order (Canceled, Cart, Pending, Complete).
Line Item
Used in Orders to store a product references or
product specific fields.
Payment
Records details of the transaction such the state
(pending / success / failure) which updates the
order
COMMERCE FIELDS
Status – cannot edit, from product module
SKU – cannot edit, from product module
Address – from Address contrib module
Price
Product reference
Line item reference
Customer profile reference
Add Attributes as almost any field
ENTITY METADATA WRAPPERS
•
Provided by Entity API
•
Much of Commerce expects you to use entity metadata wrappers
•
Used by Rules & Search API for their magic
Entity API takes an entity type and an entity object as parameters to
create a new object which has many useful methods attached to aid in
accessing and manipulating an entities properties and fields
Benefits:
•
Allows chaining
•
Prevents hardcoded nesting
•
Easier Looping
•
Getters and Setters
•
Some nice extra methods like access, validate etc
ENTITY METADATA WRAPPERS EXAMPLES
How to get the wrapper and see what's available:
$wrapper = entity_metadata_wrapper('node', $node);
dpm($wrapper->getPropertyInfo());
Helps get values without the nesting. Eg
$node->field_name[LANGUAGE_NONE][0][‘value’];
Becomes:
$wrapper->field_name->value();
Set the field with:
$wrapper->field_name->set(“new value”)
ENTITY METADATA WRAPPERS EXAMPLES
Chaining Entity data with Audoloading
$order_wrapper = entity_metadata_wrapper(‘commerce_order’, $order);
$address = $order_wrapper->commerce_customer_billing>commerce_customer_address->value()
Looping through a list:
$order_wrapper = entity_metadata_wrapper(’commerce_order', $order);
foreach ($order_wrapper->commerce_line_item->value() as $item) {
//$item is a fully loaded line item entity.
//Get product fields $item->commerce_product->field_name->raw()
}
ENTITYFIELDQUERY
Provided by Drupal 7 Core API
Query your entities and their field data without writing complex join queries or
knowing the schemas.
/**
* Implements hook_commerce_product_can_delete().
*/
function commerce_product_reference_commerce_product_can_delete($product) {
// Use EntityFieldQuery to look for line items referencing this
// product and do not allow the delete to occur if one exists.
$query = new EntityFieldQuery();
$query
->entityCondition('entity_type', 'commerce_line_item', '=')
->entityCondition('bundle', commerce_product_line_item_types(), 'IN')
->fieldCondition('commerce_product', 'product_id', $product->product_id, '=')
->count();
return $query->execute() == 0;
}
VIEWS & RULES
Views:
•
Baskets, Checkout etc all built using Rules so can be extended
•
Uses Views to make your Product listings / Catalogues
•
Build those custom order reports etc pretty quickly
Rules:
•
Adjust Prices using Rules for different roles, dates
•
Tax and Shipping rates use Rules so can be modified
•
Expire Products with Rules Scheduling
•
Remove Items from the Cart
•
Manage Experience with Custom Messages & Emails
COMMERCE SPECIFIC CONTRIB
commerce_addressbook
Allows customers to ueuse previously entered addresses
during checkout
commerce_coupon
Adds coupons entity to be redeemed on orders and can
be dependent on product / user / roles etc. Provides % or
fixed price amounts.
commerce_checkout_redirec
t/
commerce_checkout_login
Registers users before checkout
commerce_checkout_progre
ss
Provides a nice block that shows the checkout steps
commerce_price_savings_for Display formatter for price to how savings, take into
matter
account tax etc
dc_cart_ajax
Better UX through ajax loading
commerce_wishlist
Provides wish list functionality
commerce_reorder
Allows a user to reorder past orders
commerce_google_analytics
Send order data to Google Analytics
COMMERCE SCENARIO DEMOS
Store needs Customizable products:
Flower shop needs to allow customers to define a custom message and date of
delivery.
How to:
The line item is fieldable with the contrib module commerce_custom_product
and allows for use cases like business cards, event registrations or donations
where customer input is required to be stored.
The field is stored on the line item so its unique to a product.
Demo: http://kickstart.localhost:8082/customproduct/custom-shoes#
COMMERCE SCENARIO DEMOS
Store needs custom node / validation in checkout
A shop requires customers agree to a terms of service before they can make a
purchase
How to:
Using commerce_extra_panes allows any node to be added in to the checkout
process and ordered. Once the node is added a checkout can be included via
a hook form alter using validation to ensure the custom has agreed
COMMERCE SCENARIO RECIPES
Subscription (membership site)
1. Install & configure “role_expire”
2. Setup a “Member” role with default expiration
3. Install & configure content_access to restrict view access to Members
4. Setup a “Membership” product
5. On order completion use Rules to Apply the “Member” role to the
customer and depending on product set expiration time
Alternatively
Try commerce_sp – a feature module or commerce_subscription
COMMERCE SCENARIO RECIPES
Virtual goods / Subscription
Sell Product keys:
commerce_product_key – allows attaching unique product keys to orders to unlock /
activate software
Sell files:
commerce_file – allows commerce to sell file access
Sell Individual Nodes:
Similar approach to selling membership, however each product should have a node
reference to the node which a customer is buying access to. Also use content_access
Rules module so on completing as order , loop through the line items using a
component, if a node reference is set grant access to the node for the customer
COMMERCE SCENARIO RECIPES
Gamification
Applicable for Forums, Support sites etc where users can earn points and the
get discounts. Use commerce_userpoints to buy products with points or
use them to discount purchases

similar documents