UNIT 8 STUDY GUIDE Renaissance/Scientific Revolution/Exploration Vocabulary-Fill in the Blank Humanists Renaissance Geocentric Theory Heliocentric Theory Scientific Revolution Astrolabe Latitude Commercial Revolution Mercantilism Favorable Balance of Trade Treaty of Tordesillas Triangular Trade Middle Passage Short Answer 3rd Hour 1. 2. Short answer responses must be a minimum of three complete sentences and answer all parts of the question. Explain two ways in which the ideas of the Scientific Revolution spread in Europe. Explain two aspects of the humanists outlook on life. Short Answer- 6th Hour 1. 2. Short answer responses must be a minimum of three complete sentences and answer all parts of the question. Explain two ways that Spanish colonies differed from colonies established by other nations. Explain two technological advances that helped make European exploration possible. Short Answer-7th Hour 1. 2. Short answer responses must be a minimum of three complete sentences and answer all parts of the question. How could a nation attain a favorable balance of trade and why was it important to maintain a favorable balance of trade? What role did colonies play in mercantilism? Multiple Choice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How did mapmaking change during the Renaissance? Why did nations want to set up colonies? What caused an increase in the use of slaves? What caused Italy to lose its leading position in trade? Where did the Portuguese set up colonies? Multiple Choice Cont’d 6. How was Renaissance art different from medieval art? 7. Why was Isaac Newton’s work important? 8. Which scientists worked to disprove the geocentric theory? 9. What was the Scientific Revolution based on? 10. What was Descartes’ method of thinking based on?