Hungarian current situation Best practice Rights of readmitted

Report
Hungary (1)
TALLIN
29.05.2014.
Hungarian current situation
Best practice
Rights of readmitted migrants during
the pre-departure period Tools to be
used and possibilities to protect them
Borsa Csaba
Head of the Border Affairs Unit
Hungary
The project is co-financed by European Return Fund and Estonian Ministry of Interior
Key elements of presentation
•Some general idea about the
irregural migration
•Geographical location,
infrastructure facilities
• Legal background
Organizational structure, tools
facilities.
Readmisson policy
General idea about migration
„Illegal migration is
a kind of silent war
between rich and
poor nations”
International criminality- by product of modern
societies
Terrorism
Uncontrolled Migration
Smuggling of goods
Trafficking of humans and
drugs, wanted persons
Dangerous vehicles on the
roads
Are we ready for
•Burden-sharing
between different
actors
•Increased
international
cooperation (EU,
EUROPOL,Frontex,
SECI,NATO, etc.)
Solution: -common threat assesment with the relevant partners
- permanent and ad hoc meeting at expert level
- learn and use the best practices
- training programs
•
•
•
•
Area: 93 036 km2
Population: 9 937 628 inhabitants
Regional administrative units: Budapest (capital) + 19 counties
Central location
SLOVAKIA
UKRAINE
136,7 km
654,5 km
AUSTRIA
355 km
ROMANIA
SLOVENIA
447,8 km
102 km
CROATIA
SERBIA
344,8 km
174,4 km
SCHENGEN EXTERNAL BORDER
Length of borders
Schengen external, internal
2215,2 km
internal borders:
1111,5 km
external borders:
1103,7 km
3
5
Organisational structure
C
E
N
T
R
A
L
NPHQ General Policing Directorate
Border Policing and
Compensation Division
Border Policing Department
International Border Affairs
Division
Aliens Policing Division
Internal Border
CPHQ
Policing Directorate
R
E
G
I
O
N
A
L
Documentation Division
External Border
CPHQ
Policing Directorate
Public Security and
Border Policing Division
Airport Police Directorate
Border Policing Service
Border Policing Subdivision
Aliens Policing Division
In-depth Control Unit
Border Policing Division
In-depth Control Unit
Detention Center (4)
L
O
C
A
L
Police Station (19)
Border Policing Offices (21)
Police Station (7)
Border Crossing Points (47)
4
Legislation
 Fundamental Law of Hungary (25 April 2011)
 Schengen Borders Code (562/2006/EK)
 Visa Code (810/2009/EK)
 Act XXXIV of 1994 on the Police
 Ministerial Decree 30/2011 on police service regulations
 Act LXXXIX of 2007 on the State border
 Act I of 2007 on the Entry and Residence of Persons with the Right of Free
Movement and Residence
 Act II of 2007 on the Entry and Stay of Third-Country Nationals
 Border Policing Strategy
7
Inter-agency cooperation
National Tax and
Customs
Administration of
Hungary
Ministry of Foreign
Affairs
Office of
Immigration and
Nationality
Competent
authorities of the
Member States
Border Policing
Department
Competent
authorities of the
neighboring
countries
Special Service for
National Security
Counter Terrorism
Centre
FRONTEX
8
Integrated Management Center
National Tax
and Customs
Administration
National
Transport Authority
National Labour
Office
9
Cooperation with FRONTEX
(European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of
the Member States of the European Union)
National Frontex Point of Contact (NFPOC)
Permanent Focal Points: Röszke, Kelebia, Záhony,
Temporary Focal Points: Nagylak, Letenye, Liszt Ferenc National Airport
37 officers selected and deployed into the Europian Border Guard Team
In 2011 Hungary participated in: Poseidon Land, Poseidon Sea, FPO Land, FPO Air, Neptune,
Jupiter, Rabit, Hammer, Hubble, Mizar, Attica, Hermes
In 2012 Hungary participated in: Poseidon Land, Poseidon Sea, FPO Land, Neptune, Jupiter,
Pulsar, Attica
In 2013 Hungary participated in: Poseidon Land, FPO Land, Coordination Point, Flexi Force,
Neptune, REX, Jupiter
10
Tasks
Tasks of the Border Police branch of the Police:
• border surveillance
• border check
• maintaining the order of the state borders, preventing,
investigating and settling border offences and border
affairs
• implementing international border policing tasks
• supervising tasks of controlling foreigners in the territory
of the country
• operating the border policing system, which is part of the
border security system
• alien policing and asylum related tasks assigned to the
Police; additionally handover and official transit of persons
through the state border.
11
Integrated Border Security Model
Tier 1:
Tier 2:
Tier 3:
Tier 4:
Activities in
third countries,
in countries of
origin and
transit
Bilateral and
international
border
cooperation
Measures at
the external
borders
Further
activities
inside the
territory of the
Schengen
States
Immigration Liaison
Officers
- Ankara, Hanoi, Cairo
(Office of Immigration
and Nationality)
- Belgrade (Police)
- From July 2012
Chisinau, Istanbul
(Police Document
Expert)
1-5 km
12
Major Technical Developments
Handheld thermal cameras: 58
Videoscopes: 33
Heartbeat detectors: 6
Biometric identification tools (mobile): 81
Biometric identification tools (desktop): 225
Fix thermo vision camera
Mobile vehicle with
thermal camera
Schengen bus
Patrol car
13
Number of Staff at the external land
borders
Croatian border;
572
Serbian border;
954
Ukrainian border;
677
Romanian
border; 1260
non-commissioned officer
officer
287;
8%
3176;
92%
14
Riot Police as a Central Reinforcement Unit
In-depth Control Unit of Riot Police (91 persons)
Mobile Force Divisions of Riot Police (2376 persons)
Győr
167 persons
Szombathely
167 persons
Miskolc
207 persons
Nyírbátor
207 persons
Budapest
1294 persons
(ICU 91 persons)
Kiskunhalas
167 persons
Pécs
167 persons
In total:
2467 persons
13
Training
Officers’ training
National University of Public Administration
• Faculty of Police Science (3 years, 18 persons)
Non-commissioned officers’ training
Police Vocational School (4)
(2 years, ~900 persons, 66 hours border policing tasks)
Centrally organized advanced training courses
• Methodological training (2007-30.06.2013; 1297 persons)
• Document expert training (2012-30.06.2013; 20 persons)
• Document inspection training (2007-30.06.2013; 1017 persons)
• Document inspection advanced training (2012-30.06.2013; 96 persons)
• Vehicle professional-inspection training (2008; 78 persons)
• Police measure tactics training (2007-30.06.2013; 669 persons)
• Dog handlers’ training (2012; 11 persons)
• team leader training (2012; 40 persons)
• training of duty officers (2012; 40 persons)
• English language course (2007-30.06.2013; 855 persons)
• Inteview-techniques training (2012-2013; 322 persons)
Trainings centrally organized with UNHCR and NGOs
• Needs of voulnerable persons trainings (2012-2013; 89 persons)
• Psychology treatment and measure tactics trainings for staff of detention centres (2012-2014;
427 persons)
16
Risk Analysis
Neighbouring
countries
Immigration Liaison
Officers (3+1+2)
FRONTEX FRAN
Cooperative
authorities
Border Policing
Department
Risk Analysis
Division
National
Investigation
Bureau
Border Policing
Offices
FRONTEX Joint
Operations
County Police
Headquarters
(3 officers)
Border Policing
Offices
(1 officer)
15
Irregular migration routes
18
Main irregular migration routes in Hungary
19
Unlawful Acts related to Irregular Migration
1st half of 2013
Nationality
Kosovar
5124
29%
Pakistanian
2020
11%
Serbian
1185
7%
Afhgan
876
5%
Algirian
860
5%
Ukrainian
728
4%
Romanian
710
4%
Syrian
414
2%
Moroccan
355
2%
Bangladeshi
250
1%
Malian
220
1%
Others
4886
28%
17628
1st hal f of 2013
15224
2012
12571
2011
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
20
Unlawful Acts related to Irregular Migration
1st half of 2013
13778;
78%
Illegal Border Crossing
1566;
9%
197;
1%
1524;
9%
563;
3%
Croatian border
; 231;
1%
Ukrainian
Unlawful Acts related
to Irregular Migration:
17 628
border; 760;
4%
Contraventions of Alien Policing Rules
Document Falsification
Overstayers
Human Smuggling
in-depth check;
2309;
13%
airports;
26;
0%
Romanian
border;
1449;
8%
Serbian border;
12853;
74%
21
Number of refusals
779;
16%
589;
12%
Number of
refusals in 1st
half of 2013:
1573;
31%
5010
1222;
24%
18;
0%
59;
1%
678;
14%
65;
1%
27;
1%
A) has no valid document(s)
number of refusal
B) has a false/counterfeit/forged travel document
C) has no valid visa or residence permit
5010
2013
D) has a false/counterfeit/forged visa or residence permit
9316
2012
E) has no appropriate documentation
.
11842
2011
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
F) has already stayed for 3 months during a 6 months period
G) does not have sufficient means of subsistence
H) alert has been issued in SIS or national register
I) threat to public policy, internal security etc.
22
22
Asylum seekers
Asylum seekers
10745
1st half of 2013
767
2012
600
2011
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
23
Expulsion & readmission
Algerian;
Ukrainian;
33;
58;
3%
Albanian;
5%
56;
5%
Kosovar;
348;
33%
Expulsion
Others;
188;
18%
Pakistani;
43;
4%
Others;
238;
26%
Serbian;
231;
22%
1062
2013
4483
2012
4125
2011
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
Afghan;
105;
10%
Ukrainian;
40;
5%
Algerian;
40;
5%
Albanian;
51;
Afghan;
6%
96;
11%
879
2013
3933
2012
3886
2011
Kosovar;
212;
24%
5000
Pakistani;
39;
4%
Serbian;
163;
19%
0
500
Readmission
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
24
IT systems/databases
Border Policing and Registration System (HERR)
 registration of persons subject to prohibition of entry and stay,
 registration of wanted persons/objects,
 registration of persons subject to coercion measures,
 registration of travel documents,
 registration of personal data and address,
 registration relating to identity cards,
 road traffic and vehicle registration,
 Schengen Information System,
 registration of offences,
 Visa Information System,
 Alien Policing Databases including visa.
National Complex Documentation System (NEKOR)
National Alien Policing System (HIDRA)
„RobotZsaru” (Police System for supporting administrative activities)
SharePoint (Police System for sharing information)
25

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