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Report
Improving track design to reduce
life cycle costs
А.J. Abdurashitov
Branch Manager of OJSC VNIIZHT, Ph.D.
VNIIZhT (OJSC “Russian Railway Transport Research Institute”)
General states
The strategy of development of railway transport in
the Russian Federation up to 2030 envisages
increasing amount of freight traffic by about 40%. One
of the objectives is to bring between overhauls tonnage
by 2015 to 1.5 billion tonnes gross, and by 2030 to 2.5
billion tonnes gross. To achieve these parameters is
necessary to develop more sophisticated design
elements of the track’s permanent way.
When choosing the design of the way the main
criteria are the cost and duration of the life cycle.
2 | Improving track design to reduce life cycle costs | 16.10.12 | VNIIZhT
Scheduled for future track network of
OJSC "Russian Railways" with heavy
haul, fast and high-speed traffic
New high-speed tracks for passenger
400 km/h
traffic with speeds up to:
Combined traffic high-speed
Passenger - 250 km/h
tracks with trains speed up to:
Freight - 90 km/h
Fast tracks with combined traffic,
including heavy haul, with trains speed:
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Passenger from 160 to
200 km/h
Freight up to 90 km/h
Comparison of change in length of track with continuous welded rails by year
on Siberian and Far Eastern railways and on the network as a whole
The area in which continuous welded rails has been laid is increasing and it currently
accounts for 67.1% of the total length of railway network’s main lines.
67,1
Percentage of total length of railway lines
проценты от общей протяженности ЖД
70
64,5
62,0
59,4
60
55,5
52,8
49,8
46,8
50
43,9
41,2
37,5
40
30,6
28,8 29,5
28,0
27,5
3026,2 27,1
31,8
33,1
35,0
Russian
Railways
Сеть
ЖД
network
Siberia and
Сибирь
и ДВ
Far East
20
8,5
6,3 7,3
5,3
4,3
2,5 3,5
1,8
1,3
0,6 0,7 0,9
10
9,8 10,7
11,9 13,0
0
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
Годы
Years
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2006
2008
2010
2012
Operational conditions on Russian railways
The Russian Federation is characterised by a variety of building and
operating conditions
Depending on their geographic and climatic location, construction
zones are defined:
- according to the relief conditions – from plains to mountainous areas
- according to geological factors – from swampy land to rock
foundations
- according to type of climate – from subtropical to Arctic.
Maximum daily temperature range: 40°С
Maximum annual temperature range: 120°С
Number of days per year with temperature < 0°С: 221.1.
Occurrence of snowstorms and snowdrifts.
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Analysis of the slab track in testing facility of
OJSC "VNIIZhT" in Scherbinka
Section of
slab track
RHEDA -2000
and LVT
RHEDA-2000
LVT
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Distribution of track maintenance major
works of the high-speed track sections
Monitoring,
measurements
and
inspections of
tracks, rails
and switches
19%
The remaining
scheduled
work
11%
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surfacing and
lining work on
track and
switches
17%
Lubrication,
fixing and
replacement of
defective clips
53%
Clips for fast and high-speed tracks on
the Moscow-St. Petersburg line
KB
(19 elements)
ARS
(8 elements)
Maintenance cost of
1 km of track per year:
- KB
- 1 897 €.
- ARS
- 375 €.
- PANDROL
- 0 €.
- VOSSLOH
- 0 €.
Pandrol
(8 elements)
Vossloh
(8 elements)
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Ensure the strength and stability of
tracks with continuous welded rails
during the life cycle
Remote monitoring of the rails with independent measurement systems
with function of the track work analysis
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Reinforced tracks with continuous welded
rails in Siberia
Part of the curve with ballast fixed by
polymeric binder
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Sleepers with high shear stability
Sleepers Sh3-K for the curves of small radius
with clips ZhBR-65
Testing track section with
sleepers Sh3-K with gauge
1530 mm at the
Dalnevostochnaya railway R
= 246 m
Testing track section with sleepers Sh3-K
with gauge 1535 mm at the
Dalnevostochnaya railway R = 240 m
6 curves of small radius placed in Privolzhskaya railway
Wear reduction compared to the
wooden sleepers in 2 times
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New materials and technologies to
strengthen sub-ballast
Modeling of the stress-strain
state of reinforced track
foundation
Placing reinforcement cage into the
ballast of transition track section
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Prevent damage of the rolling stock
with ballast particles
Polyurethane coating is applied to the surface of the ballast and
prevents it from being moved by air wave created by the passage of
high-speed trains.
The technology of using adhesives in the ballast used on highspeed line Moscow-St. Petersburg
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Conclusions
1. The main criterion in selecting a track design is the cost and the
length of the life cycle.
2. The main track design on Russian railways, including those in
Siberian areas, is continuous welded rail on reinforced concrete
sleepers.
3. Railway track in Russia is operated in difficult climatic, engineering
and geological conditions which are taken into account in the
selection of the parameters for building and fitting track.
4. The main objective is to reduce costs for the rail clips. This is
priority way for cooperation.
5. Integrated measures have been carried out to lengthen the
service life of the rails to 1.5 billion tonnes gross.
14 | Improving track design to reduce life cycle costs | 16.10.12 | VNIIZhT
THANK YOU FOR YOUR INTEREST!

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