Five Pillars of IT Architecture

Report
[email protected]
Distinguished Fellows
• Scott Ambler, IBM
• Len Bass, Carnagie Mellon
University/SEI
• Grady Booch, IBM
• Paul Clements, SEI/Carnagie
Mellon University
• Miriam Grace, Boeing
• Richard Hubert, Hubert &
Associates GmbH
• Max Poliashenko, CCH, a
Wolters Kluwer business
• Nick Rozanski, Marks and
Spencer
• Roger Sessions, ObjectWatch
• Oliver Sims, Sims Associates
• Jeff Tash, Flashmap Systems
• Eoin Woods
• Angela Yochem, Dell
Qualitative
Analysis
Quantitative
Analysis
Asset
Creation
Focus Groups from
Top Industry Architects
7000 Members Surveyed
“as-is” + “to-be”
Current
State
Future
State
IEEE
1471
ITABoK
Business
Technology
Strategy
Human
Dynamics
Quality
Attributes
IT
Environment
Design
Role
Specializations
Enterprise Architecture
Software
Architecture
Infrastructure
Architecture
Foundation Body of Knowledge
Business Technology Strategy
Our Focus
Today
Foundation
(5-Pillars)
IT Environment
Quality Attributes
Design
Human Dynamics
Information
Architecture
Business
Architecture
*Function: noun
Date: 1555
1 : the art or science of building; specifically :
the art or practice of designing and building
structures and especially habitable ones
2 a : formation or construction resulting from
or as if from a conscious act <the architecture
of the garden> b : a unifying or coherent form
or structure <the novel lacks architecture>
3 : architectural product or work
4 : a method or style of building
5 : the manner in which the components of a
computer or computer system are organized
and integrated
The software architecture of a
program or computing system
is the structure or structures of
the system, which comprise
software elements, the
externally visible properties of
those elements, and the
relationships among them.
- Bass, Clements, and Kazman.
Software Architecture in Practice
2nd ed, Addison-Wesley 2003
Enterprise architecture is the
organizing logic for business
processes and IT infrastructure
reflecting the integration and
standardization requirements of
the firm’s operating model.
- MIT Center for Information
Systems Research, Peter Weill,
Director, as presented at the
Sixth e-Business Conference,
Barcelona Spain, 27 March 2007
The person that
does business
modeling from an
IT perspective?
The person that
leverages the right
services and
providers?
The person that
selects a project’s
frameworks and
products?
The person that
drives a quick,
iterative process
for creating code?
The person that
does advanced
engineering and
design?
Business Technology Strategy
Business Technology Strategy
Example Case Study
Business Technology Strategy
IT Environment
IT Environment
Determine Goals, Alternatives,
and Constraints
Evaluate Alternatives
and Risks
Establish
Requirements
Design
Creation
Budget 4
Budget 3
Budget 2
Budget 1
Prototype 1
Prototype 2
Prototype 3
Prototype 4
Program
Implementation
System
Test
Release to
Customer
Plan
Develop and
Test Plan
Voice of
the Customer
Testing Scenarios
New User Inputs
Bugs
New
Version
System
Metaphor
Architectural
Spike
Release
Planning
Uncertain
Estimates
Process
Iteration
Acceptance
Testing
Confident
Estimates
Next Iteration
Spike
Next
Release
IT Environment
Best if you are familiar with:
Buy
• Industry trends
• Leaders in the specific application space and why they are leaders
• Benefits and limitations of various
methodologies and technologies
Build
Waterfall
Agile
• Methodologies and technologies currently in
use (and why)
• How to gage supportability, impacts on
operations, etc. (TCO)
Interoperability
Stand
alone
Quality Attributes
Quality Attributes
Usage:
Development:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Usability
Localization
Accessibility
Personalization
Customizability
Manageability
Maintainability
Supportability
Extensibility
Flexibility
Operation:
•
•
•
•
Performance
Reliability
Availability
Scalability
Security
Quality Attributes
Number of 9’s
Yearly Downtime
3 Nines (99.9%)
~9 hours
4 Nines (99.99%)
~1 hour
5 Nines (99.999%)
~ 5 minutes
6 Nines (999.999%)
~31 seconds
24/7
0
Quality Attributes
Flexibility
Personalization
Localization
Maintainability
Extensibility
Reliability
Customizability
Availability
Accessibility
Performance
Scalability
Security
Deployability
Observability
Supportability
Key
+
P
P
+
+
+
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
-
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
-
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
-
+
P
P
P
P
P
+
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
e
Operations
he
lp
s
hu
rts
ne
ut
ra
No l
ta
pp
lic
ab
l
Ü imapcts Ú
Usability
Fle
Pe xibi
rs lity
on
al
iza
Lo
tio
ca
n
liz
M atio
ain
n
ta
Ex ina
te
b
ns ilit
Re ibil y
lia ity
b
Cu ility
st
om
Av iza
ai
la bilit
Ac bilit y
ce y
ss
Pe ibil
rfo ity
r
Sc man
al
ab ce
Se ility
cu
ri
De ty
pl
oy
Ob ab
se ility
rv
Su ab
pp ilit
or y
ta
bi
lit
y
Development
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
-
P
Design
Design
Design
Human Dynamics
Human Dynamics
Attribute
Managing the Culture
Customer Relations
Leadership and Management
Peer Interaction
What does this really mean?
Politics – understanding of the impact of human culture
executing as a culture change agent.
Understanding the psychological dynamics & managing stakeholder
& consumer expectations against the business strategy.
Mentoring and guiding those who can benefit from your skills,
knowledge, and experience.
Playing well with others by being responsive to their needs by
understanding the psychology of interpersonal human interactions.
Collaboration and Negotiation
More Politics – the psychology of human collaboration & networking as
well as strategies & methods for working together to reach agreement.
Presentation Skills
Understanding your audience and presenting/communicating to them
appropriately.
Writing Skills
Quality over quantity in techniques & methods for formal & informal
compositions, especially with regard to technical documentation.
Human Dynamics
Download
Foundation
1
Awareness
Associate
2
Basic Information Demonstration
3
Individualized Knowledge
4
Practice
5
Delivery
6
Connectivity of Ideas
7
Enterprise Level Leadership
8
Industry Mentorship
9
Research
10
Industry Leadership
Professional
Master
http://www.iasaglobal.org
IT Architect Skills Assessment
Architecture Foundation in 30-Days
http://wiltjk.wordpress.com
The Platinum Rule: Discover the Four Basic Business
Personalities and How They Can Lead You to Success
Peter Stasinopoulos, Michael H. Smith, Karlson 'Charlie' Hargroves, Cheryl Desha, Whole System
Design: An Integrated Approach to Sustainable Engineering, Earthscan Publications Ltd. (January
2009)
Innovation: The Five Disciplines for Creating What Customers Want
Having Trouble with Your Strategy? Then Map It
Blue Ocean Strategy: How to Create Uncontested Market
Space and Make Competition Irrelevant
The Total Solution Life Cycle
ARCast.TV Special - Jim Wilt on Increasing Solution Adoption Success Using Architectural Skills

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