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W5D3 POTENTIAL & MORE POTENTIAL Let’s Discuss the last Worksheet Electric Potential I. Work and Potential Difference Work and Potential Difference An object travels from point A to point B while two constant forces of equal magnitude, and , are exerted on it. Think about the work done by each force and the net work. Is the work done on the object by F1 positive, negative, or zero? A B C D Positive Negative Zero More information is needed A F2 F1 B Work and Potential Difference An object travels from point A to point B while two constant forces of equal magnitude, and , are exerted on it. Think about the work done by each force and the net work. Is the work done on the object by F2 positive, negative, or zero? A B C D Positive Negative Zero More information is needed A F2 F1 B Work and Potential Difference An object travels from point A to point B while two constant forces of equal magnitude, and , are exerted on it. Think about the work done by each force and the net work. Is the work done on the object by the net force positive, negative, or zero? A B C D Positive Negative Zero More information is needed A F2 F1 B Work and Potential Difference An object travels from point A to point B while two constant forces of equal magnitude, and , are exerted on it. Think about the work done by each force and the net work. Is the magnitude of the velocity of the object at point B greater than, less than, or equal to the velocity of the object at point A? Explain how you can tell. A B C D Positive Negative Zero More information is needed A F2 F1 B Work and Potential Difference An object travels from point A to point B while two constant forces of equal magnitude, and , are exerted on it. Think about the work done by each force and the net work. Which, if any, of your responses to questions 1, 2, 3, or 4 would change if the magnitude of F1 was twice as great as the magnitude of F2 ? A F2 F1 B Quick Summary If the net force on an object is zero but it is moving from Point A to Point B, it is in equilibrium and is moving at constant velocity. If the net force on this object is NOT zero, then it is accelerating and gaining energy (Kinetic). In the absence of any other forces, the net work done by these forces is equal to the change in kinetic energy + the change in potential energy. REMEBER: PE=qV UNITS OF V is VOLTS. (Big surprise). Klick Which arrow best represents the electric field at the "x"? Consider the following: +Q Area = A s=Q/A D -Q UNIFORM ELECTRIC FIELD E s E 0 A Capacitor is a device like the above that STORES CHARGE. There is a potential difference between these two plates. (V) The capacitance C is equal to the charge/potential difference. C=Q/V Q=CV Consider the following: +Q D so -Q sD V ED 0 Area = A s=Q/A UNIFORM ELECTRIC FIELD E s E 0 Q CV s A C sA V Work needed to move unit charge from A to B also is (magnitude, anyway) FxD=ED (unit charge) sA V s 0 V D A C 0 D C So .. What does it all mean?? C 0 A The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor depends only on geometrical factors. D NOT on charge or potential difference! Moving charges in a capacitor while they are in equilibrium HUH?? Mr. External Ms. Field WORKSHEETS – Electric Potential