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Report
FIRST
AID
58 Questions
Part B
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Intoxicated appearance, slurred
speech, sweet, fruity, or acetonesmelling breath of alcohol are signs
and symptoms of
Diabetes (high levels of
sugar become
poisonous)
_____________ symptoms ranges
from a blank stare into space or
random shaking to twitching
extremities or whole body muscle
contractions.
seizures
While having a ______________, the patient
may stop breathing temporarily, bite his or her
tongue, become incontinent, make noises, spit
and have a foamy appearance around the
mouth, and/or be unresponsive.
seizure
An officer leaves a patient before
properly relieved by a trained
professional on the side of the
road is called
abandonment
Signs and symptoms of an insect
bite or sting are similar to those of
injected
poisons
Spider bite
Insect bite
Tick engorged with blood
Which venom contains some of
the most complex poisons known.
snakes
Snakebite to the lower leg
Snakebite to the lower leg several days after
the bite
What is the preferred way to
remove stinger in skin from an
insect
• scrape the stinger away from the skin
with the edge of a plastic card held
at an angle
_____________ a severe allergic
reaction in which air passages
swell and restrict breathing
anaphylaxis
shock
What is a way that can contact
hepatitis A?
fecal contamination
Which type of Hepatitis is one of
the most common Sexually
Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Hepatitis B
What are the four levels of
responsiveness or consciousness
when assessing a patient?
Alert, verbal, pain,
unresponsive
What are you looking for when
comparing an injured body?
deformities, open injuries,
tenderness, swelling (DOTS)
Open fracture of the legs
Open fracture of the ankle
Which one of these drags is an
approved emergency drag?
clothes drag
Who can refuse care at the scene?
person not under the influence,
conscious, of legal age of an adult,
competent
What are the most serious
emergencies?
head and neck
Deep laceration of the cheek and
nose
Lacerated Neck
Which are types of eye traumas?
chemical burns
objects impaled in the eye
extruded eyeball
If air enters into a blood vessel in
the neck, it could cause the
possibility of
heat attack
Stroke
pulmonary embolism
When dealing with a dislocated
bone, why should you not put the
bone back in place
major blood vessels and nerve lie near
the joint
When assessing Pulse Motor
Sensory (PMS) function, this
function can assess for movement
of upper extremities.
motor
PMS definitions
Pulse: assess for circulation before and after splinting
by checking for distal circulation below the injury
site: upper and lower extremities.
Motor: assess for motor functions (movement) of
upper extremities. Ask the patient to move his or her
fingers and/or squeeze your hand.
Sensory: Asses for sensation before movement. Ask the
patient if he or she has feeling where you touch.
Who can't refuse care on scene?
person incompetent, under the influence
of alcohol or drugs, or meets the
criteria for Baker or Marchman Acts
Consent that is clearly and
unmistakably stated, and express
consent is affirmative consent
such as verbal or physical
assertion of the affirmation is
called
Expressed consent
This occurs when the body cannot
recover from loss of fluids and
salts
hyperthermia
A stroke is damage to part of the
brain due to _________ or
_________ of a blood vessel.
Cross-section of brain showing a stroke
Rupture or
blockage
The roles and responsibilities of the
criminal justice first aid provider
differs from other professionals
within the EMS system by
Do not administer medication
Do not restrain patients
Do not staff and drives
ambulance
Your primary concern as a first aid
provider is the
patient
In the __________ and ethical issues,
the public has come to expect and law
requires you to be competent criminal
justice officers whose behavior is
always above reproach.
legal
Duty to act refers to your
contractual or ___________
obligation to provide care.
legal
______________ occurs when you
either fail to act or act
inappropriately.
Breach of duty
As a law enforcement officer, you
have a duty to act __________ within
your jurisdictional boundaries.
24 hours
7 days a week
Standard or scope of care is care that you
are expected to provide to the same
patient under the same conditions as
would any criminal justice first aid
provider who received the same level of
____________.
training
The ______________ protects a
civilian first aid provider from liability
for medical care performed in good
faith or medical care similar to the
expected of another first aid provider
with equal training.
Good Samaritan Act
The Good Samaritan Act does not
apply to
Law enforcement officer
What are the types of consent in
reference to first aid
expressed
implied
informed
Which of the following personnel do
not have authorization to honor a Do
Not Resuscitate Order DNR Order or
an advance directive and must
immediately begin first aid.
Law
enforcement
officer
The Center for Disease Control &
Prevention defines universal precautions
as a set of procedures designed to prevent
transmission of _____,_____, and _____
to first aid or health care provider.
HIV
hepatitis B virus
blood borne pathogens
The use of medical personal
protection equipment and personal
behaviors that reduces risks are basic
behaviors included in
BSI (Body Substance Isolation)
Wear a gown for direct patient contact if the patient has uncontained
secretions or excretions.
Remove gown and perform hand hygiene before leaving the patient’s
environment.
What serves as a barrier against
infection.
Personal Protection
Equipment (PPE)
eye protection, gloves,
protective clothing, etc.
_______________ is a type of
bacteria that is highly contagious
and resistant to certain
antibiotics.
Methicillin-Resistant
Staphylococcus Aureus
(MRSA)
Hepatitis B can live in dry blood
for how long
7 days
Hepatitis A, B, and C can all cause
__________ disease.
liver
Incubation period of this blood borne disease ranges
from two weeks to two months and person-toperson contact primarily transmit ____________,
generally through fecal contamination and oral
ingestion. Poor personal hygiene, poor sanitation,
and intimate contact facilitate transmission.
Symptoms includes dark urine and jaundice.
Hepatitis A
This blood borne disease is primarily
transmitted through sexual contact or
sharing contaminated needles (through
intravenous drug abuse). Symptoms
includes minor flu-like symptoms, severe
liver damage, various muscle and joint
pains, and an enlarged and tender liver.
Hepatitis B
According to CDC
reports, ____________
is the most common
chronic blood borne
infection in the United
States. Symptoms are
similar to hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C
Which airborne disease is of
particular concern to officers.
10% life time
risk to
develop TB
Non infected
person
Infected person
(healthy)
Tuberculosis (TB)
Pulse location
The brachial (inside the upper arm)
The infant’s pulse is always taken here
the carotid (neck)
the radial (wrist)
the femoral (inside upper leg)
The ___________ is a major artery
in the lower arm, felt at the
thumb side of the wrist.
Radial artery
An ___________ is a bright red blood
spurts from a wound indicates a severe
or damaged artery.
arterial bleeding (arterial bleeding
from the femoral artery can cause death
in two minutes)
What is severe bleeding?
Severe bleeding can come from an artery (arterial
bleeding) or from a vein (venous bleeding).
Arterial bleeding: the blood pumps or spurts from the
wound with each heartbeat. It is bright red.
Major venous bleeding: the blood just runs out of the
wound at a steady rate. It is dark red. Minor bleeding
(from capillaries), however, can also be bright red.
How long should you count a
heart beat?
30 seconds
What is the normal pulse for an
adult?
60-100
What is the average breathing rate
for a child?
15-30 breaths per minute
The interval between heart beats
is
rhythm
The strength of the heart beat is
force
The heart rate of an infant is
120-160 bpm
What is the compressionventilation ratio with 2 rescuers
for a child?
15:2
What is the recommendation for
the use of an AED on an infant?
no recommendation
CPR for infants
Which technique is used to
remove a foreign-body airway
obstruction from an infant?
back slaps / chest thrusts

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