Grammar and Vocabulary For a work that is often regarded as one of the key operas of the twentieth (TWENTY) ___________ century, there are surprisingly outstanding (STAND) few ____________ performances of Wozzeck. This new version is just about the best around at the moment. Although there are moments which are far from perfect - the _____________ interpretation (INTERPRET) of the character of Wozzeck is only occasionally __________ (OCCASION) successful - at others the characterisation and singing are __________ impressive (IMPRESS), especially the almost _________ faultless (FAULT) performance of Angela Denoke as Marie. Denoke has just the right mix of passion and __________ tenderness (TENDER); her cruel treatment at the hands of fate produces a final scene which is genuinely touching (TOUCH). ________ Time Flies Does your birthday seem to come ________ around faster each year? The common perception that time flies as you get older was first noted by the psychologist William James in the nineteenth century. More recently, scientists in London set _______ out to investigate the extent to ________ which age has an effect ________ the way that on time is perceived. Researchers asked people, divided _______ into three age groups, to say how long ago they thought certain major public events had happened. The result _______ was that people in the 19-21 age group thought that the events had occurred more recently _________ they than actually had, while the over 60s dated events too far back. The middle-aged group were the most accurate. These results show that our perception of time really _______ does depend on age, although no one why this should quite knows _______ be. One possible explanation is that as we get older, we _______ accumulate memories for events such as birthdays and holidays. _______ These regular events, occurring at the same time each year, act as mental markers, increasing the impression ______ time passing more quickly. of Another possible explanation is that we perceive time in relation ______ our to own age. When you are four, a year is a quarter of your life, _______ it's only a but fortieth for a forty-year-old. _________ Whatever the real explanation may be, one thing is certain. We should take time out to enjoy ourselves while we're young, because life speeds ______ up as we get older. If the wage parity agreement _____________ approved, there might have been a strike. a) will not be b) was not c) had not been d) is not If the yield _____________ up from 9.8 percent, it would have been the highest average yield since 1982. a) will go c) has gone b) would go d) had gone Debtors are expected to remain ____________ heavy economic pressure unless the interest rates are lowered. a) from c) beneath b) under d) below Their monetary unit ________ stronger if they did something about their deficit. a) would be c) should be b) will be d) can be This purchase _________ a poor decision if it had been made for investment purposes only. a) was b) would be c) may be d) would have been Before Annie ran out for a meeting yesterday, she had Ms. Brunelli __________ the new clerk around the premises. a) showing c) showed b) was showed d) show The board reported that, even though we didn't consult them first, it __________ a good decision to find a new director. a) was c) is b) have been d) has been They will import 750,000 more automobiles a year if international quotas set by the ministry _______ lifted. a) be c) will be b) are d) have been According to the report published in today's Sun, the local government plans to reduce spending ____ one million dollars. a) at c) with b) of d) by If the government ________ an import fee as it has threatened to do for years, prices of consumer goods will increase by at least 10%. a) imposes c) is imposing b) will impose d) has imposed What company besides ours would make its employees ________ overtime on a national holiday? a) be working c) worked b) will be working d) work I offered to lend Lisa money for a holiday but she refused. = (turn) Lisa ___________ turned down my offer to lend her money for a holiday. If you are not satisfied with the hotel service, you should say so. = (make) You should _______________ make a complaint if you are not satisfied with the hotel service. The gardens are open each day for visitors to enjoy the flower displays. = (that) The gardens are open each day so that visitors can enjoy the ______________________ flower displays. Could you carry my case for me, please? = (mind) mind carrying my Would ____________ case for me, please? I wish I hadn't missed your birthday party. = (regret) I _____________ regret missing your birthday party. 'Have you bought a new bicycle?' Ben asked Katy. = (whether) Ben asked Katy whether she had bought _____________________ a new bicycle. The flight to the islands took fifteen hours. = (was) It ________________ was a fifteen-hour flight to the islands. The cold wet weather depresses me and I feel homesick. = (get) The cold wet weather gets me down and _____________ I feel homesick. John's spelling is so bad I can hardly read his letters. = (such) such a bad speller John is ________________ that I can hardly read his letters. You can still get a ticket for tonight's concert if you haven't got one already. = (unless) You can still get a ticket for tonight's concert unless you have got ___________________ one already __________. 'My cousin doesn't work in the factory any more,' said Helen. = (no) cousin Helen said that my _________ no longer worked in the ________________ factory. They say that the President is thinking of calling an election. = (said) is said to The President _________ be thinking of calling an __________ election. Joe said it was my fault that he missed the bus. = (blamed) blamed me for having Joe ___________________ missed his bus. _______ I haven't seen my grandparents since Christmas. = (time) last time I saw my The ________________ grandparents was at Christmas. A second-hand car is cheaper than a new one. = (expensive) A second-hand car is less expensive than ___________________ a new one. Although he had hurt his hand, Don still did his violin practice. = (his) having hurt Despite ___________, his hand Don still did ________ his violin practice. Although he had hurt his hand, Don still did his violin practice. = (his) having hurt Despite ___________, his hand Don still did ________ his violin practice. Let's visit my parents tomorrow. = (go) Why _____________ don’t we go to see my parents tomorrow? Smell Of the five senses, smell is probably the one that you value least. Yet your sense of smell is the most direct link between ________ the brain and the outside takes world. It ______ two seconds for a smell to ______ enter the nose and travel to the part of the brain _______ which emotions and memories. controls how your sense of Exactly _______ smell influences your emotions, not fully however, is _______ understood. Nevertheless, a sense of smell can even influence your with other relationships _______ people. fall Apparently, you _______ in love through your nose, not your eyes or your ears. Moreover, people tend to smell of what thisalso they eat and _______ can influence what people think of you. In one famous study, 84 percent part said of people taking ______ likely to buy a they were more ______ particular brand of trainers, when were placed in a room they ______ smelling of flowers. This kind of knowledge can be used to influence people's ______ spending habits at a level and could subconscious ______, selling all obviously be useful in ______ sorts of things from clothing to cars.