10.2 Multiple Choice Exam Review Ms. Ramos The European intellectual movement that emphasized the responsibility of government to protect people’s natural rights was called the Ms.

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10.2 Multiple
Choice Exam
Review
Ms. Ramos
The European intellectual
movement that emphasized
the responsibility of
government to protect
people’s natural rights was
called the
Ms. Ramos
Enlightenment
Ms. Ramos
The phrase “natural
rights” is original to
and central to the
writings of which
philosopher?
Ms. Ramos
John
Locke
Ms. Ramos
The
Declaration of
Independence expresses
the philosophy that the
power of government
comes from
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the
people
Ms. Ramos
Which best summarizes the role of
government in the social contract?
 A.
Basis of rights & responsibilities of
the people.
 B. Leg, exec, & judicial
responsibilities.
 C. Guarantees life, liberty, & property
 D. Main purpose is to interpret laws.
Ms. Ramos
A.
Basis of rights
& responsibilities
of the people.
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What
principle is
directly reflected in
the division of a gov
into three branches?
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separation
of
powers
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Which of the following rights in the U.S.
Bill of Rights comes from a provision in
the Magna Carta?
 A.
freedom of speech
 B. freedom of religion
 C. the right to life, liberty, and the
pursuit of happiness
 D. the right to due process of law
Ms. Ramos
D.
the right to due
process of law
Ms. Ramos
Which statement best summarizes the idea of
representative government as it was
established in the English Bill of Rights?
 A.
Powers not granted to the king are
kept by the people.
 B. Laws are made and carried out by
a group that acts for the people.
 C. All people are born free and equal
in rights.
 D. A strong central government
protects individual freedoms.
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A.
Powers not
granted to the king
are kept by the
people.
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English
colonists in
America expected to
have representative
government in the
colonies because
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there
was a
tradition of
representative gov
in England.
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The
idea that
governments get their
power from the people
they govern is called
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popular
sovereignty.
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The
American Declaration
of Independence and the
French Declaration of the
Rights of Man and Citizen
both
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emphasize
the
rights of the
individual.
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The
term “unalienable
rights” in the American
Declaration of
Independence refers to
rights that
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a
government
cannot take away.
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A
key issue that
sparked the colonists
to declare their
independence from
England was
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concern
for
individual rights.
Ms. Ramos
Which statement best describes the
context in which the Declaration of
Independence was issued?




A. The Declaration of Independence was
issued, and then war broke out.
B. War broke out, and then the Declaration of
Independence was issued.
C. The British army surrendered; then the
Declaration of Independence was issued.
D. Americans achieved independence; then
the Declaration of Independence was issued.
Ms. Ramos
B.
War broke out, and then
the Declaration of
Independence was issued.

Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775) and in
1776 the American colonists issued the
Declaration of Independence
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 John
Adams, second U.S.
president, said that even before
the War for Independence began,
“The Revolution was in the
hearts and minds of the people.”
What is the best way to
paraphrase Adams’s meaning?
Ms. Ramos
The American
Revolution was
rooted in people’s
beliefs.
Ms. Ramos
Which document was written
before all the others?
 A.
Articles of Confederation
 B. U.S. Constitution
 C. Declaration of Independence
 D. United States Bill of Rights
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C.
Declaration of
Independence
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The
English philosopher
John Locke argued that
life, liberty, and property
are
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natural
rights that
should be
protected by
government.
Ms. Ramos
What is one reason that the American
Revolution resulted in a stable democracy,
while some other revolutions did not?
A. The U S rebelled against everything it
had known.
 B. The Articles of Confederation provided a
period of transition from British rule.
 C. Americans created both a strong gov and
protections for individual rights.
 D. The Declaration of Independence
legislated the ideals of equality and liberty.

Ms. Ramos
C. Americans created both a strong gov
and protections for individual rights.

One reason that the American Revolution
resulted in a stable democracy, while the
French Revolution did not, is that the
Americans soon legislated both a strong
government and protections for individual
rights.
Ms. Ramos
What
feature was
shared by the major
revolutionary
movements of the late
1700s and early 1800s?
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All
maintained
that government’s
power comes from
its people.
Ms. Ramos
Among the causes of the French
Revolution was the
 A.
excessive spending of King
Louis XVI.
 B. rise of the National Assembly.
 C. Reign of Terror.
 D. loss of the Old Regime.
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A.
excessive
spending of King
Louis XVI.
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In
pre-Revolutionary
France, estates were
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social
classes.
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Who
carried out
the “Reign of
Terror” in France?
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the
Committee for
Public Safety
Maxmillian
Robespierre
Ms. Ramos
Which statement best describes the
circumstances in which Napoleon
Bonaparte took power?
 A.
France was economically and
politically secure.
 B. The Rev was new and chaotic.
 C. There had been 10 yrs of instability.
 D. The king had finally agreed to let
Napoleon take power.
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C.
There had
been ten years of
instability.
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What
form of
government did
Napoleon
Bonaparte lead?
Ms. Ramos
dictatorship
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 What
document best
exemplifies the
natural rights
philosophy
described to
the right?
Natural Rights
Philosophy
Emphasizes
individual rights to
life, liberty, and
property.
Ms. Ramos
Declaration
of
Independence
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How
did the Magna
Carta contribute to the
development of the
English government?
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It
limited the
power of the
government.
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Unlike
the French
Revolution, the
American Revolution
produced
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a
lasting
constitution.
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When
members of the Third
Estate took the Tennis Court
Oath (1789) at the start of
the French Revolution, they
were attempting to
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draft
a new
constitution.
Ms. Ramos
Which of these first demonstrated that
popular protest would play a role in the
French Revolution?
 A.
reign of the Committee of
Public Safety
 B. trial of Louis XIV
 C. Fall of the Bastille
 D. Civil Constitution of the
Clergy
Ms. Ramos
C.
Fall of the
Bastille
Ms. Ramos
Homework:
STUDY!!!!
STUDY!!!!
STUDY!!!!
Ms. Ramos

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