OP ART Started in the 1950’s & Famous Op Artists Op art, also known as optical art, is a style of art makes use of optical illusions. • • • "Optical art is a method of painting concerning the interaction between illusion and picture plane, between understanding and seeing.“ Op art works are abstract, with many of the famous ones are in black and white. When the viewer looks at them, there seems to be movement, hidden images, flashing and vibration, patterns, or alternatively, of swelling or warping. Famous Op Artists MC Escher Victor Vassarely Bridget Riley When you judge this style of art you should talk about its FORMALISM (where compositional elements -such as color, line, shape and texture are emphasized, rather than iconography or the historical and social context.) According to this point of view, the most important thing about a work of art is the effective organization of the elements of art through the use of the principles of design. Yet had different roots…… MC Escher! M.C. Escher 1898-1972 • His Mezzotints, of the Intaglio Printmaking family, are known as masterpieces • Intuitively mathematical creations- Tesselations • “early OP” – used tricky imagery NOT formalism Sculpture after an Escher Drawing entitled, Dodecahedron. Hand Reflecting Sphere, 1935, lithograph Waterfall, 1961 Circle Limit III, 1959 Victor Vasarely French, 1908–1997 widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leader of the short-lived op art movement. His work entitled Zebra, created in the 1930s, is considered by some to be one of the earliest examples of op art. Vega-Nor Bridget Riley 1931 One of the most important artists of this movement! Her work was very popular! Supernovae Bridget Riley, Movement in Squares, 1961 Tempera From Here – Bridget Riley, 1994 – Oil on linen Bridget Riley Orient 4, 1970 Acrylic on Canvas, 88x127 in. Bridget Riley Blaze 1, 1962 Emulsion on Hardboard, 43x43 in. Pop Art Warhol, Brillo Soap Pads Box, 1964 Majors: Warhol Lichtenstein Thiebaud Pop Art was an art movement in the late 1950s and 1960s that reflected everyday life and common objects. When you judge this style of work you should talk about its Imitationalism. According to this theory, the most important thing about a work of art is the realistic representation of subject matter. A work is considered successful if it looks like and reminds the audience of what is seen in the real world. Pop Artists used bold, flat colors and hard edge compositions adopted from commercial designs like those found in: •Billboards • Murals • Magazines • Newspapers Pop art was appealing to many viewers, while others felt it made fun of common people and their lives. It was hard for some people to understand why Pop Artists were painting cheap, everyday objects, when the function of art historically was to uphold and represent culture’s most valuable ideals. Campbell's Soup II, 1969, AWF Andy Warhol American 1928-1987 Andy Warhol was one of the most famous Pop Artists. Part of his artistic practice was using new technologies and new ways of making art including: • Photographic Silk-Screening • Repetition • Mass production • Collaboration • Media events Andy Warhol, Brillo Boxes installation, Warhol took common everyday items and gave them importance as “art” He raised questions about the nature of art: Knives, 1981, AWF What makes one work of art better than another? ROY Lichtenstein American, 1923-1997 Lichtenstein began his first pop paintings using cartoon images and techniques derived from the appearance of commercial printing. His first work to feature the large-scale use of hard-edged figures and Ben-Day dots was Look Mickey (1961) This piece came from a challenge from one of his sons, who pointed to a Mickey Mouse comic book and said; "I bet you can't paint as good as that, eh, Dad?” In the same year he produced six other works with recognizable characters from gum wrappers and cartoons and he didn’t stop there…. Ben Day Dots- old fashion printing Drowning Girl (1963). Whaam!, 1963 Commissioned piece, BMW Group 5 320i , 1977 by Roy Lichtenstein Wayne Thiebaud b. 1920 He is associated with the Pop art movement because of his interest in objects of mass culture – cakes, pies, lipstick, candy, etc. Three Machines, 1963 Yellow Mickey Mouse Cake, 1998 Cake Window The art world today reflects many of the ideas, methods and materials initiated by the Pop Art movement. In Untitled, 1991, Barbara Kruger uses the iconography of the American flag and hard edge graphics to pose a series of provocative questions about American cultural values. Barbara Kruger, Untitled, 1991 Courtesy: Mary Boone Gallery, NY Jeff Koons, Rabbit, 1986, Jeff Koons In Rabbit, 1986, artist Jeff Koons cast a mass-produced inflatable Easter bunny in highly polished stainless steel. The sculpture became iconic of art in the 1980s.