HOLT American Civics Chapter 15 Citizenship in the Community Section 1: Kinds of Communities Section 2: Purposes of Communities Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities ‹#› HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON HOLT Chapter 15 American.

Report
HOLT
American Civics
Chapter 15
Citizenship in the Community
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Section 2: Purposes of Communities
Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
OBJECTIVES
 How do transportation, resources, and climate
affect the location of communities?
 What kinds of communities exist in rural
areas?
 What is an urban area, and what is a
metropolitan area?
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Transportation, resources, and climate
affect a community’s location:
 Early settlers chose locations with natural advantages
for their livelihood: fertile river valleys, harbors,
hydroelectric power, and good climates.
 Businesses and trade developed at crossroads and led
to new communities.
 Waterways offer ports, water, and transportation.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Transportation, resources, and climate
affect a community’s location: (continued)
 1840s—Railroads connected regions, and new inland
communities developed.
 Auto travel has led to communities along highways.
 Communities grow where natural resources can be
developed.
 Good climates promote recreation and enable
farming in certain regions.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Rural Communities
 Rural farm communities—America’s smallest
communities; approximately 2 million farms in
the United States stretch across the country
 Small country towns—population of less than
2,500; where farmers buy supplies and market
crops; have movies, shops, and post offices
 Recently, some businesses have established
themselves in rural areas.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Urban Areas
 Have 2,500 or more people
 1990s—three quarters of Americans lived in
urban areas
 Today suburbs are growing faster, and some
cities have grown smaller
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 1: Kinds of Communities
Metropolitan area
 A large city and its surrounding towns and
suburbs
 261 metropolitan areas in the United States
 Some metropolitan areas have turned into a
megalopolis—an area so large it forms a
continuous urban chain. Example: New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 2: Purposes of Communities
OBJECTIVES
 What different methods of communication are
used in communities?
 How do communities help people enjoy their
lives?
 Why do local communities need laws and
regulations?
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 2: Purposes of Communities
Methods of communication in
communities:
 Conversation with other members
 Telephones, e-mail, Internet, radios, and
television
 Writing letters and notes
 Newspapers
 Books and magazines
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 2: Purposes of Communities
Communities help people enjoy their lives:
 Provide recreational facilities to encourage
health, diversion, cultural learning, and
relaxation.
 Promote natural assets like climate and location.
 Pooling resources and labor improves the quality
of life.
 Public safety and education are provided by
communities.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 2: Purposes of Communities
Local communities need laws and
regulations to
 help citizens avoid conflict.
 maintain peace and order.
 provide forums for addressing problems and
concerns.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities
OBJECTIVES
 What challenges do American communities
face?
 How do volunteer groups help improve the
communities in which we live?
 How is good citizenship related to developing
good communities?
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities
Challenges facing America’s
communities:
 Limited opportunities for young people
 Drug use, crime, and family management
problems
 Pollution, traffic jams, and downtown decay
 Faltering schools
 Museum and park maintenance
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities
Volunteer groups improve our communities:
 Aid sick people, those in poverty, the elderly, and the




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disabled
Raise money for charity
Clean up neighborhoods and address community needs
Permanent groups include firefighters and hospital
volunteers.
Large national groups: League of Women Voters,
American Cancer Society, and Volunteers of America
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Chapter 15
American Civics
Section 3: Citizens Serve Communities
Good citizenship is related to
developing good communities:
 Enjoy a community’s benefits and contribute
to the community in return.
 Take pride in your community and make it the
best it can be.
‹#›
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON

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