HOLT Chapter 6 CALL TO FREEDOM Beginnings to 1877 CONFLICTS IN THE COLONIES (1675–1774) Section l: Trouble on the Frontier Section 2: Consequences of the French and Indian War Section.

Report
HOLT
Chapter 6
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
CONFLICTS IN THE COLONIES
(1675–1774)
Section l: Trouble on the Frontier
Section 2: Consequences of the French and
Indian War
Section 3: Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
Section 4: New Taxes and Tensions
1
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 1:
Trouble on the Frontier
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
OBJECTIVES
 How did English colonists and American
Indians view each other?
 What wars did the English colonists fight
against other European colonists?
 How did the French and Indian War affect the
British colonies?
2
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 1:
Trouble on the Frontier
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Relationship Between the
English Colonist and American Indians
 Sometimes they fought.
 Sometimes they formed trade alliances.
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 1:
Trouble on the Frontier
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Colonial Wars




4
King William’s War (1689-1697)
Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)
King George’s War (1740’s)
French and Indian War (1754-1763)
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 1:
Trouble on the Frontier
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Effects of the French and Indian War
The Treaty of Paris 1763:
 redrew the political map of North America
 changed the balance of power in North
America
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 2: Consequences of
the French and Indian War
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
OBJECTIVES
 Why did many colonists move to the frontier?
 What factors led to Pontiac’s Rebellion?
 What was the Proclamation of 1763, and how
effective was it?
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 2: Consequences of
the French and Indian War
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
The colonists moved to the frontier for:
 farmland
 food
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
HOLT
Section 2: Consequences of
the French and Indian War
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Causes of Pontiac’s Rebellion
 British desire to build colonial settlements on
Indian land
 Indian desire to abandon European practices
and drive out the white people
8
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 2: Consequences of
the French and Indian War
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Proclamation of 1763
 Factors Leading to the Proclamation of 1763
 British leaders feared more fighting on the frontier.
 They thought that these conflicts would disrupt
trade and force Britain to spend more on defense.
 The Proclamation of 1763 was ineffective
because it was:
 difficult to enforce
 ignored by settlers and traders
9
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 3:
Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
OBJECTIVES
 Why did Great Britain create new taxes for
the colonies?
 Why did colonists dislike the new tax laws?
 How did colonists challenge these new taxes?
10
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 3:
Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Great Britain created new taxes to:
 finance the French and Indian War
 finance a standing army
11
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 3:
Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
No Taxation without Representation
The new tax laws upset the colonists who cried,
“No Taxation without Representation.”
12
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 3:
Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
The colonists challenged the new taxes by:




boycotting certain goods
protesting the Stamp Act
forming the Sons of Liberty
calling the Stamp Act Congress in October 1765
Stamp Act (1765) – law passed by Parliament that raised
tax money by requiring colonists to pay for an official
stamp whenever they bought paper items such as
newspapers, licenses, and legal documents
13
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 4:
New Taxes and Tensions
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
OBJECTIVES
 How did colonists respond to the Townshend
Acts?
 Why were the Boston Massacre and the
Boston Tea Party significant events?
 What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts?
14
HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 4:
New Taxes and Tensions
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Response to the Townshend Acts
 Colonists organized boycotts on British
goods.
 Colonial legislatures protested and attacked
homes of customs officials.
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 4:
New Taxes and Tensions
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
The Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea
Party were significant events because:
 They demonstrated the colonists anger at the
British government.
 They forced the British to repeal the
Townshend Acts to reduce tension.
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON
Section 4:
New Taxes and Tensions
HOLT
CALL TO
FREEDOM
Beginnings to 1877
Purpose of the Intolerable Acts
 punish Massachusetts
 restore order in the colonies
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HOLT, RINEHART
AND
WINSTON

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