The Peace Corps and Papua New Guinea: One Volunteer’s Experience Brian Engel, Ph.D. Texas Tech Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, Class of 2016 Overview: The.

Report
The Peace Corps and Papua New
Guinea: One Volunteer’s Experience
Brian Engel, Ph.D.
Texas Tech Health Sciences Center
School of Medicine, Class of 2016
Overview:
The Peace Corps
Papua New Guinea at a Glance
My Experiences
Health in PNG
Questions
The Peace Corps:
• Background
• Snapshot
The Peace Corps: Background
Motto
The Toughest Job You’ll Ever Love.
Mission
The Peace Corps' has 3 simple goals:
1. Helping the people of
interested countries in
meeting their need for
trained men and women.
The Peace Corps: Background
Mission
The Peace Corps' has 3 simple goals:
2. Helping promote a
better understanding of
Americans on the part of
the peoples served.
The Peace Corps: Background
Mission
The Peace Corps' has 3 simple goals:
3. Helping promote a
better understanding of
other peoples on the
part of Americans.
The Peace Corps: Background
History
• 1960, JFK speech
• 1961, Established
st
• 1961, 1 Volunteers (Ghana)
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
• 8,000 Currently serving
• 210,000 Have served
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
Facts and Stats
62% Female, 38% Male
93% single, 7% married
Avg. age: 28 years
7% over 50 years old
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
• Have served in 139 countries
• Currently serving in 76 countries
(orange)
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
Where we serve
4%
4% 3%
Africa
10%
Latin America
43%
Eastern Europe/Central Asia
Asia
15%
Caribbean
North Africa/Middle East
Pacific Islands
21%
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
How we serve
Education
6%
4% 2%
Health
12%
43%
12%
Community Economic
Development
Environment
Youth in Development
Agriculture
21%
Other
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
• Under the U.S. State Department
• Annual Budget: $373 Million
700.00
Relative Costs
Billions of Dollars
600.00
500.00
400.00
300.00
200.00
100.00
0.00
Peace Corps
B-2 Bomber
Aircraft Carrier
Department of
Defense
The Peace Corps: Snapshot
• Under the U.S. State Department
• Annual Budget: $373 Million
5.00
Relative Costs
4.50
Billions of Dollars
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00
Peace Corps
B-2 Bomber
Aircraft Carrier
The Peace Corps: Experience in Brief
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Application Process (6-12 months)
Offer Letter
Staging
Training (3 months)
Site (2 years)
Conferences
Returning Home
The Peace Corps: Experience in Brief
• Host provisions
• Pay, health, travel
• Benefits (Loan deferment, partial
cancellation, readjustment
allowance, networking, educational
opportunities)
Papua New Guinea: Brief Overview
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Geography
History
Demographics
Cultures
Papua New Guinea: Geography
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Geography
History
Demographics
Cultures
Papua New Guinea: Geography
Equator!
Papua New Guinea: Geography
Papua New Guinea: Geography
• Shares New Guinea with
Indonesia (West Papua/Irian Jaya)
• Tropical
• Many islands
• Mountainous
• Active Volcanoes
• Earthquakes
• Two seasons: Wet and Dry
Papua New Guinea: Geography
Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tsunamis
Papua New Guinea: Geography
Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tsunamis
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Papua New Guinea: Geography
Ecology: Fauna
0.5% of Land
4% of Lizards and Mammals
(world’s smallest frog)
4% of Butterflies
7% of Birds
8% of Vertebrates
10% of Fish (coral reefs)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7dx2CUMtZ-0
Papua New Guinea: History
Pre-History: artifacts dating back to
about 60,000 B.C.E.
Papua New Guinea: History
Modern History:
• Agrarian and Hunter-gatherer
lifestyles
• 1526 Contact with Portugese
• 1545 Contact with Spainards (New
Guinea)
• 1870s Contact with Russian
Anthropologist
• 1900s – “First Contact” with
Westerners
Papua New Guinea: History
Modern History:
• Late 1800s – European colonization
• WWII – Japanese invasion
• Sept. 16, 1975 Independence
Papua New Guinea: History
WWII
Papua New Guinea: History
WWII
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
• Population: 7,000,000
For comparison:
• Switzerland, Bulgaria, Israel, Hong
Kong, Nicaragua, Denmark)
• Arizona, Washington, Virginia
• Houston, DFW
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
Biggest Cities:
• Port Moresby (Capital): 250k (= Lubbock)
• Lae: 120k • Arawa: 36k • Mt. Hagen: 28k
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
Diversity
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
Diversity
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
Diversity
Papua New Guinea: Demographics
Diversity
Papua New Guinea: Food
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Sweet Potato
Taro, Sago, Banana
Pigs (special occasions)
Fish
Fruits
Papua New Guinea: Miscellany
• Economy: mining, sustenance
farming
• Languages: 800+ spoken! (over 10%
of the world’s languages), Tok Pisin,
Motu, English
• One of the most missionized
countries in the world, now 96%
Christian with remaining traditional
beliefs
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
• Training
• Port Moresby
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
• Training
• Goroka
• Village Stay
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
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Training
Language
Culture
Teaching
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
• Lae
• Teaching
• Bugandi Secondary School
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
Education System:
• National Exams
• School Fees
• Boarding
• Student jobs
• Facilities
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
Campus
Papua New Guinea: My Experience
Campus
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Papua New Guinea: My Experience
No Internet
A few school computers
No TV
School phone only
Read scores of books
Wrote and received hundreds of letters
No car - PMVs
No restaurants – cooked
Regular but unreliable electricity
Papua New Guinea: Health+
• 5 Physicians/100,000 (US: 240)
• Health care spending $115, 4.3% GDP
(US: $8,608, 17.9%)
• Life expectancy 65F/61M (US: 79)
Papua New Guinea: Health+
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Maternal mortality 250/100,000 (10)
Under 5 mortality 63/1000 (6)
Fertility rate: 3.9/woman (1.9)
Contraception (P): 36%
Pre-natal visits: 29% (90%)
Attended births: 43% (99%)
Papua New Guinea: Health+
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Malaria: 17,943/100,000 (I)
HIV/AIDS: 396/100,000 (P) (US: 19)
Tuberculosis: 534/100,000 (P) (US: 3)
Hepatitis A
Typhoid
Hepatitis B
Japanese Encephalitis
Dengue Fever
Hook worm
Papua New Guinea: Health+
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Urban living: 12% (US: 82%)
Literacy 57% (US: 99%)
Mean BMI: 25M, 26F (29 M/F)
Tobacco: 58%M, 31%F (22%/17%)
Alcohol disorders: 3.8%M, 0.1%F
Rape
Buai
Buai (Betel Nut, Areca Nut)
Buai (Betel Nut, Areca Nut)
Buai (Betel Nut, Areca Nut)
Buai (Betel Nut, Areca Nut)
• Carcinogen
(gums, mouth, pharynx, esophogus,
stomach)
• Teratogen
Questions?

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