Three Branches of Government How the United States government is structured and organized. S What is the United States government? Federal Government Constitutional Republic S The U.S.

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Three Branches of
Government
How the United States government is structured and organized.
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What is the United States
government?
Federal Government
Constitutional Republic
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The U.S. is a federal state
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Union of self-governing states or
regions united by a central
government
Republican form of government
– a form of public matter where
officials are elected or appointed
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Government established under a
constitution
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Seeks the rights of individuals
and groups within the republic
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Division of power between
component states and the central
government
The Constitution
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Created by our Founding Fathers
(Benjamin Franklin, Thomas
Jefferson, John Hancock, etc.)
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Grew out of problems with the
Articles of Confederation
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Created from the Constitutional
Convention
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Consists of the Bill of Rights (first
10 Amendments) and other
Amendments
Democratic Nation
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The U.S. is also a democratic
nation in which all eligible
citizens have an equal say in the
decisions that affect their lives
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Promotes voting rights and equal
say for the government
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Encompasses social, economic
and cultural conditions
Voting & Election Process
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Voting rights given to the people from the U.S.
Constitution & the form of government
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Every citizen allowed to vote in their
respective county and state
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Citizens can vote on electing officials and
representatives and referendums
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Federal elections occur every two years on the
first Tuesday after the 1st Monday in
November
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Votes for new President every four years
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Electoral College dictates Presidential
Candidate
Checks & Balances
S Originated from the writings of Montesquieu in “The Spirit
of the Laws”
S Separated into three powers by the U.S. Constitution:
Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches
S System created to have an equal government where each
branch does not have more power than the other
Legislative Branch
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Comprised of Congress: House of
Representatives and Senate
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Sole power to legislate and enact
laws
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Powers include:
-Writes and enacts laws
-Declares war
-May start investigations
-Creates Presidential appoint.
-Senate ratifies treaties
-House of Representatives may
impeach
Executive Branch
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Executive Branch consists of the
U.S. President and his cabinet
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President becomes Commander
in Chief
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Powers include:
-May veto laws
-Wages war at the direction of
Congress
-Makes decrees or declarations
-Appoints judges and executive
department heads
Judiciary Branch
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Power to decide cases and controversies
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Consists of the U.S. Supreme Court
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Consists of 9 judges that are appointed
by the President
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Determines…
-Which laws Congress intended to
apply to any given case
-Whether a law is unconstitutional
-How Congress meant the law to apply
to disputes
-Polices its own members
How Checks & Balances Work
Central & State Government
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Under the 10th Amendment, all
powers are not granted to the
federal government are reserved for
the states and the people
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All state governments are modeled
after the federal government
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Also consists of three branches:
Executive, Legislative and Judicial
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Constitution mandates that all
states uphold a republican form of
government
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