Red Scare and Mobs Warm-up What do you think mob mentality means? Why do you believe this? Announcements NO HW tonight unless you owe me HW! Unit Question How does the American dream factor into the movement of people to and throughout the United States? Is the American dream real? Why or why not? Question of the Day How did nativism impact the Red Scare? Have there been other instances like the Red Scare in our history? Background: WWI World War I began in Europe in 1914. England, France, and Russia (Triple Entente) fought Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (Central Powers) The United States does not get involved until 1917. The war ends in 1918. Background: Russian Revolution During World War I, the people of Russia revolted against the Czar (king). They implemented a new system of government called Communism. Communism is a form of government in which everything is owned by the collective and where the government controls all of the economy. Red Scare Red Scare notes Use the information on the back of your graphic organizer to complete your graphic organizer. Red Scare (first wave) 1917-1920 More suspicion of Communists and the fear of Communists in US government America: mistrust and suspicion, especially of foreigners, etc. Red = communist (because of Soviet flag and the red star) Sacco and Vanzetti Italian immigrants Accused of armed robbery and murder They did not get a fair trial because of racism and the red scare They were found guilty They were sentenced to death Red Scare Political Cartoons Think about what you learned today and complete the political cartoons sheet. Prohibition Look inside the word, what do you see? Prohibit! Prohibition prohibited alcohol from being sold, made, transported, etc. 18th Amendment Made all alcohol illegal for all people at all times Women had more power now, they also tended to be more religious 2 reasons they wanted it: To protect wives and families They considered it a sin What do you think is going to happen?!?! Al Capone Video The Mafia Mafia- not much until 1920, then exploded because of the introduction of the prohibition Al Capone ruled Chicago. He made millions getting alcohol from Canada. Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre Shooting of 7 people, a conflict between two powerful criminal gangs in Chicago in 1929 Two sides: South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone and the North Side Irish/German gang led by Bugs Moran The Mob Boston more Irish mafia activity, particularly in the heavily Irish-American neighborhoods Frank Wallace of the Gustin Gang dominated Boston’s underworld until his death in 1931, when he was ambushed by Italian gangsters in the North End Immigration and the Mob How is immigration related to the mob? Exit slip/HW Answer the following questions: 1. What is the Red Scare? 2. What were the main effects of the Red Scare? 3. How did the Red Scare impact immigrants? 4. How did Prohibition lead to the rise of mobs? 5. How did the rise of mobs affect immigrants? 6. Describe life in the early 1900s for immigrants. Include facts that we talked about today.