The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) Spill Control Association of America 2014 Annual Meeting and Conference March 20, 2014 Cynthia Quarterman PHMSA Administrator DOT LEADERSHIP Anthony Foxx Secretary of Transportation Victor Mendez Acting Deputy Secretary PHMSA Leadership: Cynthia Quarterman Administrator Timothy Butters Deputy Administrator Stephen Domotor Assistant Administrator/ Chief Safety Officer Jeffrey Wiese Associate Administrator for Pipeline Safety Dr. Magdy El-Sibaie Associate Administrator for Hazmat Safety Our Mission To protect people and the environment from the risks of hazardous materials transportation. What We Do Regulate Investigate Educate Research Fund Pipelines in the United States Over 2.6 million miles of hazardous liquid and gas pipelines. Pipeline Oil Spill Response Plans • Implementing the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. • Improving our plan approval process. • Posting the plans publicly. Hazmat Transportation in the United States Over 1 million shipments of hazmat. Our Stakeholders Unconventional Oil and Gas US Unconventional Energy Production Changing Pipeline Industry • Increased domestic production. • Population expansion. • New practices and technologies: Higher pressure gathering lines High density of wells Increasing pipeline diameters 11 Recent Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Incidents •Marshall, MI •Yellowstone River, MT •Mayflower, AK •Tioga, ND Safety of Hazardous Liquid Pipelines • Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM): High Consequence Areas (HCAs) Leak Detection Repair Criteria Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Piggability Gathering Lines Gravity Lines 13 Rail Crude Oil Transport • Increasing transportation • Declining rail accidents • Increasing use of unit trains Rise in Crude Oil Shipments by Rail Recent Bakken Crude Oil Derailments •Plaster Rock, NB •Casselton, ND •Aliceville, AL •Lac-Megantic, QE Operation Safe Delivery Comprehensive approach to address risks: – Prevention – Mitigation – Response Operation Safe Delivery: Rulemaking • September 6, 2013: (ANPRM) issued. • December 5, 2013: 150,000+ comments. • March 2014: NPRM being drafted. Operation Safe Delivery: Nonregulatory Actions • • • • • • • August 2013: August 2013: August 2013: August 2013: November 2013: January 2014: February 2014: FRA issued an emergency order. PHMSA and FRA issued a safety advisory. PHMSA and FRA held a Hazmat workshop. Held emergency RSAC meeting. PHMSA and FRA issued a safety advisory. PHMSA issued a safety alert. Secretary of Transportation issued an Emergency Order. Operation Safe Delivery: Enhanced Enforcement • Operation Classification • Coordination with other Entities • Notice of Proposed Violations (NOPV) Call to Action • In January 2014, Secretary Foxx issued a Call to Action. • Met with petroleum and railroads industry. • 30-day proposed changes focused on: Prevention Mitigation Response • Identified immediate actions in February 2014. • Continuously engaging with stakeholders. Industry Actions • Association of American Railroads: Rail Inspection and Maintenance Improvements HazMat Routing Speed Restrictions Braking Enhancements Emergency Response Assessment and Training • American Petroleum Institute: Development of Classification Best Practices Sharing Crude Oil Testing Data Operation Safe Delivery: Next Steps • Consider other regulatory actions. • Continue to work with stakeholders. • Continue Operation Classification. • Enhance outreach efforts. Stay Connected Website: www.phmsa.dot.gov YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/user/PHMSADOT Twitter: @PHMSA_DOT Call 811 before you dig!