Resource Efficiency Policies for Land Use Related Climate

Report
DG CLIMA
Resource Efficiency Policies for
Land Use related Climate Mitigation
Adrian R. Tan
BIO Intelligence Service, France
November 2013
DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Study objectives and scope
Study objectives
– To propose a policy framework for the European Commission suited to
simultaneously:
• minimising land use related greenhouse gas emissions and
• maximising carbon removals
• while allowing economic development and increased well-being
Mitigation options
– The use of land:
• for biomass production for fossil energy substitution;
• for biomass production for material/product substitution related to harvested wood
products;
• for biomass production for material/product substitution related to bio-materials/biochemicals (other than harvested wood);
• in a way which increases the overall stocks of terrestrial carbon in soils, above and below
ground living biomass, and in litter/dead organic matter.
2
DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Resource efficiency and land use related climate mitigation
Land use related climate mitigation
• Reduce GHG emissions
• Avoid GHG emissions
• Sequester/remove carbon
Biomass
supply
Land
use
Biomass
demand
Land
demand
Land use
change
Change of the functionality of
land and its ecosystem services
3
DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Resource efficiency and land use related climate mitigation
Substituting the use of
other resources with
biomass, e.g.:




Increasing the resource efficiency of
biomass, e.g.:




Diet shift
Bioenergy
Biomaterials
Biochemicals
Biomass
supply
Sustainable agriculture
and forestry
management, e.g.:
 Increasing productivity
 Increasing carbon stocks
(e.g. soil carbon
sequestration)
 Reducing GHG emissions
(e.g. crop rotation,
tillage, manure and
livestock management)
Biomass
demand
Cascading use (reuse, recycling and recovery)
Reducing waste and losses
Avoiding landfilling
Increasing the use of biomass products and
infrastructure
Land
demand
Land protection and
restoration, e.g.:
Land
use
Land use
change
Change of the functionality of
land and its ecosystem services
 Maintaining carbon stocks
(e.g. reducing deforestation
and conversion of wetlands
and peatlands)
 Increasing carbon
sequestration (e.g.
afforestation, reforestation
and other types of
compensation)
4
DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Resource efficiency and land use related climate mitigation
Substituting the use of
other resources with
biomass, e.g.:




Diet shift
Bioenergy
Biomaterials
Biochemicals
Biomass
supply
Sustainable agriculture
and forestry
management, e.g.:
Increasing the resource efficiency of
biomass, e.g.:
Reduces GHG
emissions
Biomass
demand




Cascading use (reuse, recycling and recovery)
Reducing waste and losses
Avoiding landfilling
Increasing the use of biomass products and
infrastructure
Land
demand
Land protection and
restoration, e.g.:
 Maintaining carbon stocks
(e.g. reducing deforestation
 Increasing productivity
and conversion of wetlands
 Increasing carbon stocks
and peatlands)
(e.g. soil carbon
Avoids GHG Increasing carbon
sequestration) Reduces GHG
 Reducing GHG emissions
emissions and sequestration (e.g.
emissions
and
afforestation, reforestation
(e.g. crop rotation,
sequesters
carbon
Change of the functionality of
sequesters
carbon
and other types of
tillage, manure
and
compensation)
livestock management)
land and its ecosystem services
Land
use
Land use
change
5
DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Study tasks
Study tasks
1. Trends and current situation of land use and related GHG emissions and
removals
•
Including analysis of key drivers
2. Elaboration of a baseline scenario for land use and related GHG emissions
and removals
•
Including sensitivity of key parameters/drivers
3. Analysis of measures and policy options
•
Including identification of greatest potential and effectiveness
4. Elaboration of an integrated policy framework for land use related climate
mitigation
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DG CLIMA: RE Pol 4 Land
Contribute to the study
What land use related measures and policy instruments could
be proposed to mitigate climate change?
•
•
•
•
In the EU?
EU’s influence on the rest of the world through biomass demand and policy?
What are the priority areas?
What are the trade-offs? E.g. intensification vs. extensification
– Please provide any information and evidence on the potential and effectiveness of
measures and policy instruments
Study is on-going until June 2014
7
Contact
BIO Intelligence Service
Adrian Tan ([email protected])
Tel: +33 1 53 90 11 80
8

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