Community Education Council, District 10 Presentation

Report
UNMET NEED FOR SEATS IN NEW 2015-2019
CAPITAL PLAN
INCLUDING CLASS SIZE AND OVERCROWDING DATA
FOR COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT 8
Leonie Haimson, Class Size Matters
July 2014
School Utilization Rates at critical levels
• Citywide, schools have become more overcrowded over last six years. More than 480,000
students citywide are in extremely overcrowded buildings.
• Elementary schools avg. building utilization “target” rates at 97.4%; median at 102%. High
schools are not far behind at 95.2%.
• High ES rates in all boroughs, including D10 and D11 in the Bronx 108% and 105.6%,
respectively.
• In Queens, D24 (120.6%), D25 (109.7%), D26 (110%), D27 (106.1%), and D30 (107.3%) all
extremely overcrowded.
• At the MS level, D20 in Brooklyn, D24, and D25 in Queens have building utilization rates
over 95%.
• Queens high school buildings have avg. utilization rate of 110.7% and Staten Island high
school buildings 103.2%.
Data source: Blue Book target utilization rates 2012-2013
Average Utilization Rates City-Wide 2012-2013
100%
97.4%
95.2%
95%
90%
*Calculated
by dividing
building
enrollment by
the target
capacity
85%
80.9%
80%
75%
70%
Elementary Schools
Middle Schools
Source: 2012-2013 DOE Blue Book
High Schools
Proposed capital plan vs. needs for seats
• Proposed capital plan has (at most) 38,754 seats – and this if
Cuomo’s “Smart School” bond act is approved. (806 more seats
funded only for design)
• Plan admits real need of 49,245 (though doesn’t explain how this
figure was derived).
• DOE’s consultants project enrollment increases of 60,000-70,000
students by 2021
• At least 30,000 seats needed to alleviate current overcrowding for just
those districts that average above 100%.
• Conclusion: real need for seats at least 100,000.
Proposed capital plan vs. needs for seats part II
• These figures do not capture overcrowding at neighborhood level,
including schools with K waiting lists, or need to expand pre-K, reduce
class size, restore cluster rooms, or provide space for charters as
required in new state law.
• Does not capture need to replace trailers with capacity of more than
10,890 seats.
• Though DOE counts only 7,158 students attending class in TCUs,
actual number is far higher & likely over 10,000.
• Also, DOE utilization figures underestimate actual overcrowding
according to most experts and Chancellor, who has appointed a “Blue
Book” taskforce to improve them.
• Revised utilization formula should be aligned to smaller classes,
dedicated rooms for art, music, special education services, and more.
Class sizes have increased for six years
in a row
• Despite provisions in 2007 state law requiring NYC reduce class sizes, classes in K-3 in
2013-2014 largest since 1998; in grades 4-8 largest since 2002.
• K-3 average class size was 24.9 (Gen Ed, inclusion & gifted classes) compared to 20.9 in
2007, increase of 19%.
• In grades 4-8, the average class size was 26.8, compared to 25.1 in 2007 –increase of 6.8%.
• HS “core” academic classes, class size average 26.7, up slightly since 2007. (Yet DOE’s
measure of HS class sizes is inaccurate and their methodology changes, so estimates
cannot be relied upon.)
• Averages do NOT tell the whole story – as more than 330,000 students were in classes of 30
or more in 2013-2014.
• There were 40,268 kids in K-3 in classes of 30 or more in 2013-2014 – an increase of nearly
14% compared to the year before.
• The number of teachers decreased by over 5000 between 2007-2010, according to the
Mayor’s Management Report, despite rising enrollment.
K-3 Class sizes largest since 1998
General ed, CTT and gifted: data from IBO 1998-2005; DOE 2006-2013
24.90
24.86
24.46
23.89
23.25
22.90
22.38
22.10
22.10
21.6821.55
21.40
21.2821.12
21.0020.90
1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14
4th – 8th grade Class sizes largest since 2002
Gened, CTT and gifted: data from IBO 1998-2005; DOE 2006-2013
28.1
27.5
27.2
27.4
27.0
26.8
26.6 26.7
26.7
26.4
26.3
25.9
25.8
25.6
25.3
25.1
1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010-11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14
Total no. of teachers dropped by 5,000
since 2007-8
data source: Mayor's Management Report
79,109
79,021
76,795
74,958
73,844
72,787
FY08
FY09
FY10
FY11
FY12
FY 13
Class sizes in District 8 have increased in grades K-3
by 15.6% since 2007 and are above Contracts for Excellence goals
27
24.5
25
24.9
24.5
23.9
22.9
Students per section
23
24.6
24.0
23.1
22.1
22.5
21
21.2
21
21.0
21.4
20.9
20.7
21.4
C4E goals
20.5
20.3
20.1
Citywide actual
19.9
19.9
19
17
15
Data sources: DOE Class Size Reports 2006-2013, 2008 DOE Contracts for Excellence Approved Plan
19.9
D8
District 8’s class sizes in grades 4-8 have increased by 6% since 2008
and are also above Contracts for Excellence goals
28
27
26
26.2
Students per section
25.6
25
24
25.8
25.4
25.1
24.8
26.7
25.9
25.9
26.3
25.9
25.3
26.6
26.8
26.5
25.7
25.0
24.6
C4E target
23.8
Citywide actual
23.3
23
22.9
22.9
22
21
20
Data sources: DOE Class Size Reports 2006-2013, 2008 DOE Contracts for Excellence Approved Plan
22.9
D8
Class sizes city-wide have increased in core HS classes as
well, by 2.3% since 2007, though the DOE data is unreliable*
27
26.7
26.6
26.5
26.5
26.4
26.3
26.2
26
26.1
26
25.7
C4E Target
25.5
Citywide Actual
25.2
25
24.8
24.5
24.5
24.5
24.5
24
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
*DOE’s class size data is unreliable &
their methodology for calculating HS averages have changed year to year
D8 Schools with large class sizes
• In grades K-3, there are 21 schools in District 8 with at least one
grade with an average class size of 25 or more, according to DOE’s
November 2013 report.
• PS 36, PS 62, PS 69, PS 71, PS 72, PS 107, PS 119, PS 130, PS
138, PS 146, PS 152, PS 182, PS 304, and PS X140 have at least
three grade levels in K-3 with 25 or more students.
• In grades 4-8, 16 schools have at least one grade level with an
average class size of 30 or more.
• JHS 131 Albert Einstein and MS 302 Luisa Dessus Cruz have at least
three grade levels with 30 or more students at the 4-8 level.
Examples of schools in D8 with large
class sizes, K-3
28
27
27
26
26
25
25
24
24
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
27
26 26 26 26 26
26
25 25 25 25 25
25 25 25
30
28
27 27 27
26 26 26
26
25 25 25 25 25 25 25
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
30
28
28
28
27
27
27
27
27
26
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
32
26
25
30 29 29 28 28
27 27 26 26 26
26 25 25 25
At least 30,000 seats currently needed
just in districts averaging over 100%
# of Seats Needed in all districts with
building utilization rates higher than
100% at HS level
# of Seats Needed in all districts
with ES building utilization rates
higher than 100%
8,000
7,295
6,000
7,000
5,318
5,000
6,000
3,912
4,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,279
2,000
1,929
1,822
1,637
1,237
1,451 1,476
3,000
2,000
1,231
1,000
1,000
518
189
0
0
D10
D11
D15
D20
D22
D24
D25
D26
D27
D30
D31
QUEENS HS
*These figures are the difference between capacity & enrollment in
the organizational target # in 2012-2013 Blue Book
Source: 2012-2013 DOE “Blue Book”
STATEN ISLAND HS
Over-utilized ES and MS buildings in CSD 8 and in Bronx HS
• There were 12 buildings with elementary and middle
school students in CSD 8 that are over-utilized. The seat
need for these schools is 1,350 students.*
• 14 Bronx high school buildings are over-utilized. Nearly
2,400 seats are needed to reduce utilization to 100%.*
*Note that the seat need here is higher because it takes into account all overutilized school buildings (100% or more) rather than the need averaged across
the district.
Average Building Utilization Rates
in CSD 8
While not 100%, D8 very close at 99.4% average utilization in ES
100%
99.4%
97.4%
95.2%
89.4%
90%
82.2%
80.9%
80%
70%
*Calculated
by dividing
building
enrollment by
the target
capacity
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
District 8 Elementary Citywide Elementary
Schools
Schools
District 8 Middle
Schools
Citywide Middle
Schools
Bronx High Schools
Source: 2012-2013 DOE Blue Book
Citywide High
Schools
12 Over-utilized ES and MS buildings in
CSD 8
200%
183%
180%
178%
165%
160%
140%
156%
137%
128%
120%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
*1,350 seats needed to reach 100% building utilization
123%
116%
116%
110%
108%
105%
104%
14 Bronx High Schools Above 100%;
2,385 HS seats needed to reduce building utilization rate to 100% but NO Bronx
HS to be built in capital plan
140%
133%
126%
120%
124%
119%
116%
114%
113%
109%
109%
107%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Source: 2012-2013 DOE Blue Book
106%
105%
103%
103%
New Seats in Capital Plan and DOE Enrollment Projections for
CSD 8
3000
2,601
2500
2000
1,560
1500
1000
579
500
456
0
ES and MS New Seats from Capital
Plan FY 2015-2019
Enrollment Projections, Statistical
Forecasting 2011-2021
Enrollment Projections, Grier
Partnership 2011-2021
Housing Starts, Estimated Growth
2012-2021
Enrollment projections estimate 2,139 to 3,180 new K-8 students in D8 by 2021 but only 456 seats seats are added in the capital plan.
City-wide Enrollment Projections K-8 vs.
New Seats in Capital Plan
*Statistical Forecasting does not include
D75 students; K-8 Seats in Capital Plan
are categorized as Small PS and PS/IS
and includes 4,900 seats for class size
reduction if Bond issue passes.
60,000
51,954
Source for Housing Starts: NYSCA
Projected New Housing Starts 2012-2021,
http://www.nycsca.org/Community/Capital
PlanManagementReportsData/Housing/20
12-21HousingWebChart.pdf; Projected
public school ratio,
https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Pr
ojected-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k
50,000
40,589
38,244
40,000
36,654
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
Statistical Forecasting
2011-2021
Grier Partnership 2011- Housing Starts, Estimated Capital Plan, New Seats
2021
Growth 2012-2021
2015-2019
City-wide Enrollment Projections HS vs. New Seats in
Capital Plan
20,000
*Statistical Forecasting does not include D75
students; HS Seats in Capital Plan are
categorized as IS/HS and does not include
seats for class size reduction
19,461
18,387
Source for Housing Starts: NYSCA Projected
New Housing Starts 2012-2021,
http://www.nycsca.org/Community/CapitalPlan
ManagementReportsData/Housing/201221HousingWebChart.pdf; Projected public
school ratio,
https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Projec
ted-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k
18,000
16,000
14,000
13,483
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
3,102
2,000
0
Statistical Forecasting Grier Partnership 2011Housing Starts,
Capital Plan, New Seats
2011-2021
2021
Estimated Growth 20122015-2019
2021
Also Kindergarten wait lists in many neighborhoods
# of Kids on wait lists for Kindergarten 2011-2013 by Borough
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
883
751
942
946
720
679
622
569
2011
462
2012
2013
211
Man
163
114
112
Bronx
47
Brooklyn
Queens
% of Schools w/ wait lists by District* 2013
50%
43%
45%
37%
40% 38%
33%
35%
31% 31%
31%
30%
23%
25%
18%
20%
14% 15% 13%
15%
8%
8%
8%
7%
7% 6%
10%
5% 5%
5%
4%
4%
5%
0%
2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10111213141516171819202122242526272829303132
Districts 1, 7, 23 not included as they are "choice districts")
110
SI
Zoned Kindergarten wait lists,
citywide 2009-13
3000
2588
2500
2382
2361
2000
1885
1500
1000
500
499
0
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014 Kindergarten Waitlists in CSD 8
• According to DOE, the wait list for zoned Kindergarten spots in 2014 is smaller
citywide than in 2013, with 1,242 zoned students on wait lists as of April 21, 2014.
• 19 of 32 school districts currently have at least one school with a waiting list.
• 63 schools have zoned wait lists: 20 in Brooklyn, 17 in Queens, 11 in Manhattan,
11 in The Bronx, and 4 in Staten Island.
• DOE less transparent than ever: the number of zoned students for particular
schools if less than 10 is not revealed – and methodology for creating wait lists
unexplained.
• Over 7,000 families got none of their choices but unclear how many were put on
wait list for their zoned school.
• There was one school in District 8 with a waiting list for zoned Kindergarten
students: PS 71 Rose E. Scala (50 students).
Trailers in CSD 8 and Bronx HS
• There are four schools that have TCU’s in CSD 8: PS 14, PS 71, PS 119 and PS
138.
• Three of the schools (PS 14, PS 71, and PS 138) have two TCU’s each, with
enrollment at PS 14 (100 students), PS 71 (137 students), and PS 138 (45
students).
• PS 119 has no enrollment listed nor are their TCU’s listed in the 2012-13 TCU
Report. The total capacity in the TCU’s is 68 students and its reported enrollment
in the November 2013 Class Size Report was 99 students.
• Therefore, at least 381 total students enrolled in classrooms with trailers in D8.
• There are five high schools in the Bronx, with 13 TCU’s: South Bronx HS, Adlai E
Stevenson HS, John F Kennedy HS, Morris HS, and Jane Addams HS have
trailers.
• The capacity for all but Jane Addams (30 students each in six classrooms) is not
listed in the 2012-2013 TCU Report. Enrollment is also not listed.
Seats Need for CSD 8 and Bronx High Schools
• FY 2015-2019 Capital Plan adds 456 seats in District 8.
• 1,350 new seats are needed just to reduce the elementary and middle school students
in D8 buildings over 100% utilization.
• Enrollment projections predict 2,100 to 3,200 new K-8 students over the next 5-10
years (counting housing starts).
• At least 381 students need to be removed from trailers in District 8.
• Real need for D8 K-8 seats is at least over 3,800 seats and as many as 4,900 seats.
• In Bronx high schools, nearly 2,400 new seats are needed to address current
overcrowding in buildings over 100% utilization.
• Yet according to the Capital Plan, no seats are currently expected to be added in
Bronx high schools.
New charter provisions passed in state budget
• Any charter co-located in a NYC school building cannot be evicted and has veto
powers before they leave the building – even if they are expanding and squeezing out
NYC public school students.
• This includes any charter co-location agreed to before 2014 – including the three
Success charter schools approved right before Bloomberg left office.
• Any new or charter school in NYC adding grade levels must be “provided access to
facilities” w/in five months of asking for it.
• If they don’t like the space offered by the city, they can appeal to the Commissioner
King, who is a former charter school director and has never ruled against a charter
school.
• .
• NO FISCAL IMPACT statement or analysis accompanying this bill.
• In addition, the state will provide all charter schools with per-pupil funding increases,
amounting to $500 over the next 3 years and provide them funding for pre-K.
Charter space provisions ONLY apply to
NYC
• Upstate legislators fought off making charters eligible for state facilities funds
– which would have been better for NYC.
• Yet legislators did not block these onerous provisions for NYC , where we
have the most expensive real estate & the most overcrowded schools in the
state.
• If the DOE doesn’t offer charter schools free space, the city must pay for a
school’s rent in private space or give them an extra 20 percent over their
operating aid every year going forward.
• After the city spends $40 million per year on charter rent, the state will begin
chipping in 60% of additional cost.
How many charters will there be entitled
to free space?
• We have 183 charters in NYC, 119 in co-located space.
• 22 new charters are approved to open next year or the year after, all entitled to free
space.
• 52 additional charter schools left to approve until we reach the cap raised in 2010 –
with legislative approval – all entitled to free space.
• Any new or existing co-located charter can also be authorized to expand grade levels
through HS and will be entitled to free space.
• DOE will be paying $5.4 M in annual rent for four years for 3 Success Academy
schools that only have 484 students next year – at a cost of $11,000 per student.
• This doesn’t count the unknown renovation costs in these 3 schools, also paid for by
the city.
Blue book data & Utilization formula inaccurate &
underestimates actual level of overcrowding
• Class sizes in grades 4-12 larger than current averages & far above goals in
city’s C4E plan & will likely force class sizes upwards
• Doesn’t require full complement of cluster rooms or special needs students to
have dedicated spaces for their mandated services
• Doesn’t properly account for students now housed in trailers in elementary
and middle schools.
• Doesn’t account for co-locations which subtract about 10% of total space and
eat up classrooms with replicated administrative & cluster rooms. Small
schools use space less efficiently
• Instructional footprint shrank full size classroom only 500 sq. feet min., risking
building code/safety violations at many schools as 20-35 sq feet per student
required.
• Special ed classrooms defined as only 240-499 sq ft, thought State Ed
guidelines call for 75 sq ft per child with special needs; classrooms this small
would allow only 3- 7 students.
Comparison of class sizes in Blue book compared to
current averages & Contract for excellence goals
Grade levels
UFT Contract
class size limits
Target class
sizes in "blue
book"
Current average
class sizes
How many sq ft per student
C4E class Size
required in classrooms
goals
according to NYC building
code
Kindergarten
25
20
23
19.9
35
1st-3rd
4th-5th
32
32
20
28
25.5
26
19.9
22.9
20
20
28
27.4
22.9
20
30
26.7*
24.5
20
30 (Title I)
6th-8th
33 (non-Title I)
HS (core
classes)
34
*DOE reported HS class sizes unreliable
Some Recommendations
• 38,000 seats in capital plan is too low, esp. given existing overcrowding,
projected enrollment, preK expansion, class size reduction, new
mandates to provide charter schools with space
• Also very low as compared to Mayor’s plan to create or preserve 200,000
affordable housing units.
• Council should expand the seats in five year capital plan.
• Commission an independent analysis by City Comptroller, IBO or other
agency.
• Adopt reforms to planning process so that schools are built along with
housing in future through mandatory inclusionary zoning, impact fees etc.
• Over half of all states and 60% of large cities have impact fees, requiring
developers to pay for costs of infrastructure improvements, including
schools.

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